2-Chloroethanol Identifiers CAS number ChemSpider UNII KEGG ChEBI ChEMBL Jmol-3D images Image 1 Properties Molecular formula C2H5ClO Molar mass 80.52 g/mol Density 1.197 g/cm³ Melting point
Related compounds Related compounds 2-Fluoroethanol (what is: /?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
2-Chloroethanol is an organochlorine compound with the formula HOCH2CH2Cl. This colorless liquid has a pleasant ether-like odor. It is miscible with water. The molecule is bifunctional, consisting of both an alkyl chloride and an alcohol functional groups.
Synthesis and applications
2-Chloroethanol was once produced on a large scale as a precursor to ethylene oxide:
This application has been supplanted by the greener direct oxidation of ethylene. Otherwise chloroethanol is used in a number of specialized applications. Several dyes are prepared by the alkylation of aniline derivatives with chloroethanol. It is a building block in the production of pharmaceuticals, biocides and plasticizers. It is also used for manufacture of thiodiglycol. It is a solvent for cellulose acetate and ethyl cellulose, textile printing dyes, in dewaxing, refining of rosin, extraction of pine lignin, and the cleaning of machines.
Chloroethanol is a metabolite in the degradation of 1,2-dichloroethane. The alcohol is then further oxidized via chloroacetaldehyde to chloroacetate. This metabolic pathway is topical since billions of kilograms of 1,2-dichloroethane are processed annually as a precursor to vinyl chloride.
- ^ Gordon Y. T. Liu, W. Frank Richey, Joanne E. Betso “Chlorohydrins“ in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2002, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a06_565
- ^ Roderich Raue and John F. Corbett “Nitro and Nitroso Dyes“ in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2002, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a17_383
- ^ 1. Janssen, D. B.; van der Ploeg, J. R. and Pries, F., "Genetics and Biochemistry of 1,2-Dichloroethane Degradation", Biodegradation, 1994, volume 5, pp. 249-57.doi:10.1007/BF00696463
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