John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset


John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset

John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, 3rd Earl of Somerset (baptised March 25,1404 – May 27, 1444), was an English noble and military commander.

He was the second son of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, and succeeded his elder brother Henry to become the 3rd Earl of Somerset in 1418.

The young earl fought in Henry V's 1419 campaigns in France. In 1421 he accompanied the king's younger brother Thomas of Lancaster to the fighting in Anjou. Thomas was killed at the Battle of Baugé and Somerset was captured.

He remained imprisoned for 17 years, and after being ransomed became one of the leading English commanders in France.

In 1443 he was created Duke of Somerset and Earl of Kendal, made a Knight of the Garter, and appointed Captain-General of Guyenne. However he proved a poor commander. He married Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso in 1439. His death in 1444 may have been due to suicide.

Children

Illegitimate children of John Beaufort:

# Jacinda (also called Thomasine) (c. 1434 – after 1469). Married Reginald Grey, 7th Baron Grey de Wilton.
# Thomasine Beaufort (before 1444 – c. 1494)
# John of Somerset (c. 1444 – 1453)

Child of John Beaufort and Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso:
# Lady Margaret Beaufort (May 31, 1443 – June 29, 1509), mother of Henry VII of England

External links

* A page in his memory including a picture of his grave:http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=18690


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset — (1373 ndash; March 16, 1410) was the first of the four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, and his mistress Katherine Swynford, later his wife. Beaufort was born in about 1371 and his surname probably reflects his father s… …   Wikipedia

  • Edmund Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset — (1406 ndash; May 22, 1455), sometimes styled 2nd Duke of Somerset, was an English nobleman and an important figure in the Wars of the Roses and in the Hundred Years War.LifeEdmund Beaufort was the fourth son of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset …   Wikipedia

  • Duke of Somerset — Coat of Arms of the Seymour Dukes of Somerset: Quarterly: 1st and 4th or, on a pile gules, between six fleurs de lys azure, three lions of England (or); 2nd and 3rd, gules, two wings conjoined in lure or (Debrett on line) Duke of Somerset is a… …   Wikipedia

  • John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster — This article is about the historical figure John of Gaunt. For places and organisations named after him, see John O Gaunt. John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster; Duke of Aquitaine Successor …   Wikipedia

  • Jean Beaufort (1er duc de Somerset) —  Pour les autres membres de cette famille, voir : Beaufort et pour les homonymes, voir Jean Beaufort. Jean Beaufort (1404 – 1444), fut un noble anglais et un commandant militaire. Il était fils de Jean de Beaufort, comte de Somerset et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry Beaufort, 2nd Earl of Somerset — (November 26 ( probable ), 1401 November 25, 1418) was the eldest son of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, and the grandson of John of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford.Henry succeeded his father as Earl of Somerset on March 16, 1410. He never… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset — Portrait of Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, by Godfrey Kneller, 1703. Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset (13 August 1662 – 2 December 1748), sometimes referred to as the Proud Duke . The son of Charles Seymour, 2nd Baron Seymour of… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset — The Duke of Richmond and Somerset Born 15 June 1519(1519 06 15) Died 23 July 1536(1536 07 23) (aged 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham — KG (15 August 1402 ndash; 10 July 1460) was best known as a military commander in the Hundred Years War and in the Wars of the Roses. Early life He was born at Stafford, Staffordshire, England, the son of Edmund Stafford, 5th Earl of Stafford and …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence — (29 September 1388 Kenilworth Castle – 22 March 1421 Battle of Baugé) was the second son of King Henry IV of England and his first wife, Mary de Bohun. Thomas married Lady Margaret Holland, widow of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.