- Truth and reconciliation commission
A truth commission or truth and reconciliation commission is a commission tasked with discovering and revealing past wrongdoing by a government, in the hope of resolving conflict left over from the past. They are, under various names, occasionally set up by states emerging from periods of internal unrest,
civil war, or dictatorship. South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission, established by President Nelson Mandelaafter apartheid, is generally considered a model of Truth Commissions, rarely if ever achieved in other parts. As government reports, they can provide proof against historical revisionism of state terrorismand other crimes and human rights abuses. Truth commissions are sometimes criticised for allowing crimes to go unpunished, and creating impunityfor serious human rights abusers.
List of truth and reconciliation commissions
*National Commission for Forced Disappearances "(Comisión Nacional sobre la Desaparición de Personas)"
Indian Residential Schools Truth and Reconciliation Commission
*National Truth and Reconciliation Commission "(Comisión Nacional de Verdad y Reconciliación;" "Rettig Report")
*National Commission on Political Imprisonment and Torture ("Valech Report")
United NationsTruth Commission "(Comisión de la Verdad)" [http://www.derechos.org/nizkor/salvador/informes/truth.html]
*Reconciliation and Unity Commission
National Reconciliation Commission[http://www.ghana.gov.gh/NRC/]
Historical Clarification Commission"(Comisión para el Esclarecimiento Histórico)"
*Truth and Reconciliation Commission [http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=51842]
*Equity and Reconciliation Commission (IER).
*Truth Commission "(Comisión de la Verdad)"
*Truth and Reconciliation Commission "(Comisión de la Verdad y Reconciliación)"
As of September 2008, a Truth and Reconciliation Commission has been proposed by the government. Its aim would be to "address people’s traumatic experiences during the five year ethnic conflict on Guadalcanal (1999-2004)". It would be modelled on the
Truth and Reconciliation Commissionof South Africa. In late August 2008, Sam Iduri, Minister for Peace and Reconciliation, introduced a Truth and Reconciliation Commission Bill to Parliament. [ [http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=41836 "Solomon Islands moves closer to establishing truth and reconciliation commission"] , Radio New Zealand International, September 4, 2008]
*Truth and Reconciliation Commission After the transition from
apartheid, President Nelson Mandelaauthorized a truth commission to study the effects of apartheid in that country. [http://www.doj.gov.za/trc/]
Truth and Reconciliation Commission (Republic of Korea)( _ko. 진실·화해를 위한 과거사 정리 위원회), [http://www.jinsil.go.kr/English/Commission/outline.asp] government [http://english.chosun.com/cgi-bin/printNews?id=200801170011]
Under the "Framework Act on Clearing up Past Incidents for Truth and Reconciliation", the Commission’s purpose is to foster national legitimacy and reconcile the past for the sake of national unity by honoring those who participated in anti-Japanese movements and exposing the truth by investigating incidents regarding human rights abuses, violence, and massacres occurring since Japanese rule to the present time, specifically during the nation’s authoritarian regimes.
Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in East Timor("Comissão de Acolhimento, Verdade e Reconciliação de Timor Leste"; 2001-2005)
Truth and Friendship Commission(2005–) [http://www.globalpolicy.org/intljustice/etimorindx.htm]
*Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission (GTRC)
Joshua Micah Marshallhas called for a truth and reconciliation commission about U.S.-sponsored torture in Iraq and elsewhere. [http://www.talkingpointsmemo.com/archives/006992.php]
Kenneth Bradyoutlines a potential U.S. Truth and Reconciliation Commission in his movie "The Time Is Now," and examines human rights abuses resulting from U.S. foreign policy actions taken over the last 40 years. [http://www.thetimeisnowthemovie.com]
* The German policy of "
Vergangenheitsbewältigung" is commonly compared to "truth and reconciliation"
* [http://jinsil.go.kr/English/index.asp Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Republic of Korea]
* [http://www.usip.org/library/truth.html Truth Commissions Digital Collection] (
United States Institute of Peace)
* [http://www.truthcommission.org Truth Commission]
* [http://www.ictj.org International Center of Transitional Justice]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Truth and Reconciliation Commission — Truth and Rec|on|cil|i|a|tion Com|mis|sion, the the TRC in South Africa, a group of people chosen by the government to find out the truth about crimes ↑commited during the time of ↑apartheid, in order to help the people of South Africa to live… … Dictionary of contemporary English
Truth and Reconciliation Commission (South Korea) — South Korea s Truth and Reconciliation Commission ( ko. 진실·화해를 위한 과거사 정리 위원회) is a commission established on December 1, 2005, to investigate historical incidents in Korean history, such as the Japanese rule of Korea. The body has investigated… … Wikipedia
Truth and Reconciliation Commission (South Africa) — This is about the South African body. For similar bodies in other countries, see Truth commission. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was a court like body assembled in South Africa after the abolishment of apartheid. Anyone who felt… … Wikipedia
Truth and Reconciliation Commission (Peru) — The Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) (in Spanish: Comisión de la Verdad y Reconciliación (CVR)) (June 2001 28 August 2003) was established in 2001 after the fall of president Alberto Fujimori, to examine abuses committed during… … Wikipedia
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Truth and Reconciliation Commission (Liberia) — The Liberian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) is a Parliament enacted organization created in May 2005 in order to investigate and report on gross human rights violations that occurred in Liberia between January 1979 and 14 October… … Wikipedia
Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the — Truth and Reconcili ation Com,mission, the noun a committee organized by the government of South Africa in the 1990s to find out the truth about the bad things that happened during the period of Apartheid so that the country can become more… … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
Indian Residential Schools Truth and Reconciliation Commission — is an impending truth commission organized by the parties to the settlement agreement http://www.residentialschoolsettlement.ca/SCHEDULE N.pdf for former Indian residential school students.After their closing, schools have become notorious for… … Wikipedia
(the) Truth and Reconciliation Commission — the Truth and Reconciliation Commission UK US a committee organized by the government of South Africa in the 1990s to find out the truth about the bad things that happened during the period of Apartheid so that the country can become more… … Useful english dictionary
the Truth and Reconciliation Commission — UK / US a committee organized by the government of South Africa in the 1990s to find out the truth about the bad things that happened during the period of Apartheid so that the country can become more peaceful … English dictionary