- Albert II, Prince of Monaco
Albert II, Prince of Monaco (Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre Grimaldi; born 14 March 1958), styled "
His Serene HighnessThe Sovereign Prince of Monaco," is the head of the House of Grimaldiand the current ruler of the Principalityof Monaco. He is the son of Rainier III of Monacoand Grace, Princess of Monaco, and the brother of Caroline, Princess of Hanoverand Princess Stéphanie of Monaco.
Born in the
Prince's Palace of Monaco, Albert attended the Albert I High School, graduating with distinction in 1976. Albert was a camper and later a counselor for six summers at Camp Tecumseh on Lake Winnipesaukee, Moultonborough, New Hampshirein the 1970s. He spent a year training in various princely duties, and enrolled at Amherst Collegein Massachusettsin 1977 as Albert Grimaldi, studying political science, economics, music, and English literature, and also joined Chi Psifraternity.
He spent the summer of 1979 touring
Europeand the Middle Eastwith the Amherst Glee Cluband graduated in 1981 with a Bachelor of Artsdegree in political science. Albert also undertook an exchange program with the University of Bristol, at the elite Alfred Marshall School of Economics and Management in 1979. Albert was an enthusiastic sportsman, participating in cross country, javelin throwing, handball, judo, swimming, tennis, rowing, sailing, skiing, squash and fencing. He is a patron of Monaco's football teams. He competed in the bobsledat the 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, and 2002 Winter Olympics. He has been a member of the International Olympic Committeesince 1985. (His maternal grandfather John B. Kelly, Sr., and maternal uncle John B. Kelly, Jr., were both Olympic medal winners in rowing and were actively involved in the Olympic movement.) The press reported the prince refused any special treatment during his Olympic stints, and lived in the same bare-bones quarters as all the other athletesFact|date=April 2008.
On 25 October 2002, Albert visited
Miami, Floridafor a World Olympians Associationfund-raiser at the Biltmore Hotel in Coral Gables. The group's mission was to have the 100,000 Olympians get involved with their communities and talk to young athletes about dedication and training.
On 7 March 2005, Albert's father
Rainier III, Prince of Monacowas admitted to a hospital in the principality; he was later moved to an intensive care ward. The Prince was being treated for breathing, kidney, and heart trouble. On 31 March 2005, the Palace of Monaco announced that Hereditary Prince Albert would take over the duties of his father as Regentsince Rainier was no longer able to exercise his sovereign functions. This decision was reached by the Crown Council of Monaco, a body made up of notable local figures with residual powers to make judgments about certain constitutional matters. The 47-year-old prince spent his first day as regent of Monaco caring for his critically ill 81-year-old father, who was Europe’s longest-serving living monarch and the world's second-longest. However, Albert's regency lasted barely a week.
On 6 April 2005, Prince Rainier III died and Hereditary Prince Albert became Albert II, Sovereign Prince of Monaco.
The first part of Prince Albert II's
enthronementas ruler of the Principality was on 12 July 2005, after the end of the three-month mourningperiod for his father. A morning mass at Saint Nicholas Cathedral led by the archbishop of Monaco, Monsignor Bernard Barsi, formally marked the beginning of his reign. Afterward Albert II returned to the princely palace to host a garden party for 7,000 Monegasques born in the principality. In the courtyard, the Prince was presented with two keys of the city as a symbol of his investiture. The evening ended with a spectacular fireworksdisplay on the waterfront.
The second part of his investiture was on 19 November 2005. Albert was enthroned at Saint Nicholas Cathedral. His family was there in attendance, including his elder sister (and now his heir) Princess Caroline with her husband Ernst, Prince of Hanover and three of her four children, Andrea, Pierre and Charlotte; as well as his younger sister Princess Stéphanie, his paternal aunt
Princess Antoinette, Baroness of Massy, his godson, Baron Jean-Léonard Taubert-Natta de Massy, and his cousin Elisabeth-Anne de Massy. Royalty from 16 delegations were present for the festivities throughout the country. The evening ended with an opera performance in Monte-Carlo.
Albert continues the policy, initiated by previous rulers of the statelet, of using his position to draw the world's attention to the need to protect the (marine) environment. Just like his great-great-grandfather Albert I he traveled to Spitsbergen in July 2005. During this trip he visited the glaciers "Lillihöök" and "Monaco". Prince Albert II also engaged in an
Arcticexpedition, reaching the North Poleon Easter, 16 April 2006. [http://www.lefigaro.fr/france/20060530.WWW000000427_article_albert.html Albert, à nouveau père ] ] As a result, he is the first incumbent head of state to have reached the North Pole.
The prince is also a Global Advisor to
Over the years, there has been much discussion of the prince's continual bachelor status. Although he has received much press attention for dating well-known fashion models and actresses, including
Angie Everhart, Catherine Oxenberg, Brooke Shields, Claudia Schiffer, and Victoria Zdrok, his apparent disinclination to marry gave rise to rumors that he is homosexual. Prince Albert has consistently denied this suggestion, most notably in a 1994 interview published in the French magazine " Madame Figaro". "At first it was amusing," he said, "but it becomes very irritating in the long term to hear people say that I am homosexual."" Madame Figaro", 1994; reported in Daily Mail, 13 August 1994, page 17] He has since confirmed that he is the father of two children.Fact|date=July 2008
In October 2005, German magazine "
Bunte" reported that Prince Albert was dating Telma Ortiz Rocasolano, a sister-in-law of Spain's Crown Prince Felipe. However, in November, 2005 the Prince instructed his lawyer, Thierry Lacoste to commence legal proceedings against French newspaper "France Dimanche" for violation of privacy and false information regarding the story.
On 10 February 2006, at the opening ceremony of the
2006 Winter Olympics, Prince Albert was accompanied by former South African Olympic swimmer Charlene Wittstock. They were seen again together at the Monaco Grand Prix. In August 2006, she attended the annual Red Cross Ball in the presence of the Princely Family again fuelling speculation about their relationship.
French magazine Point de Vue reported in its March 2008 edition that Prince Albert and Charlene Wittstock will marry in the summer of 2008. [ [http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/worldnews.html?in_article_id=532199&in_page_id=1811 Playboy Prince Albert of Monaco to settle down and marry at 50] , "The Daily Mail", March 12, 2008. Accessed May 17, 2008.] "While the date is not yet fixed, two undisclosed sources confirmed that preparations are under way for a royal wedding at the end of the summer, possibly in late September 2008." [ [http://in.reuters.com/article/lifestyleMolt/idINL1108034220080311 Monaco's Prince Albert reported to wed at 50] , "Reuters", March 12, 2008. Accessed May 17, 2008.] Despite these rumors both Charlene Wittstock and the royal palace have denied that a wedding is being planned as reported in the March 14, 2008 edition of the Times. Despite the denial that the two are making plans to wed, both H.S.H. the Prince and Wittstock continue to attend functions together and apart with other members of the Princely family.
Children born out of wedlock
Jazmin Grace Grimaldi
In 1992, a
Californiawoman, Tamara Rotolo, filed a paternity suitagainst the prince, claiming that he was the father of her daughter, whom she named Jazmin Grace Grimaldi. Prince Albert was also listed as the father on the child's Riverside County, California, birth certificate. [according to the website of the " Desert Sun", a newspaper in Palm Springs] and the child was legally surnamed Grimaldi. However, the case, which went to trial in 1993, eventually was dismissed by Superior Court Judge Graham Anderson Cribbs, who claimed that there was "insufficient contact between Albert and the state of California to justify hearing a suit there" [ Evening Standardarticle, 24 March 1993, page 20] agreeing with an assertion by the prince's lawyer, Stanley Arkin, that the California court had no jurisdiction.
In court documents and legal depositions, Case#IND78459 in Riverside County Superior Court Family Law Division under Superior Court Judge Graham Anderson Cribbs, Prince Albert admitted that he had been with Tamara Rotolo, who was traveling with friend, Barbara Welker (per her deposition filed with the court), in
Monacoon "a couple of occasions" in July 1991. (The child had been born approximately nine months later, on 4 March 1992.) As reported by a local newspaper covering the case, "Arkin asserted that the Riverside County court had no jurisdiction in the case since the romantic encounter supposedly occurred in Monaco and Albert has had no contacts with California that relate to the issues in the suit."
On 31 May 2006, after DNA test results confirmed the child's parentage, Prince Albert admitted, in a statement from his lawyer, that he is Jazmin's father. He also extended an invitation for the girl to study and live in Monaco.
Le Figaro, Jazmin Grace Grimaldi is "mature, sweet and intelligent" and an honor student at St. Margaret's Episcopal School. Per the school website, she is currently enrolled in a private school in the San Juan Capistrano, Californiaarea and resides in San Juan Capistrano, California.
In May 2005,
Nicole Coste, a former Air France flight attendantfrom Togo, claimed that her youngest son, whom she calls Alexandre Éric Stéphane Coste, is Prince Albert's son, proven by DNA tests conducted by Swiss technicians working on orders from the Monegasque government. She further claimed the prince had signed a notarized certificate confirming paternity but that she had not received a copy of it. The French weekly " Paris Match" published a ten-page interview with Coste and included photographs of the prince holding and feeding the child. Coste also told "Paris Match" that she was living in the prince's Paris apartment and receiving an allowance from him while pretending to be the girlfriend of one of his friends in order to maintain privacy. She also said that the prince had last seen the boy in February 2005. A spokesman for Prince Albert had no comment, though upon news of Coste's claims, the prince's lawyer, Thierry Lacoste, announced that "A judicial strategy will be determined within the next few days."
In mid-May 2005, Lacoste announced that as a result of the international publicity over the revelations of the prince's son, Prince Albert is suing the "
Daily Mail", " Bunte", and "Paris Match" for delving too deeply into his private life.
On 6 July 2005, a few days before he was enthroned on 12 July, Albert II officially confirmed via his lawyer Thierry Lacoste that the 22-month-old was his biological son. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4656797.stm Monaco prince admits love child] ]
Additional paternity suit
An earlier paternity suit, brought by
Bea Fiedler, a German topless model whom the " Daily Telegraph" described as a "sex-film star", reportedly was dismissed. A blood test, which was refused by the judge, did not prove that the prince was the father of Fiedler's son, Daniel. ["Bea in His Bonnet," " Daily Telegraph", 29 July 1987. Also " Sunday Mirror", 8 March 1998, pages 1+]
As Rainier III's health declined, his son's lack of legitimate children became a matter of public and political concern, as to the legal and international consequences if Albert were to die without lawful heirs. Prior to 2002, Monaco's
constitutionspecified that only the "last" reigning prince's "direct and legitimate" male descendants could inherit the crown. [cite web|url=http://www.heraldica.org/topics/national/monaco.htm#status|title=Status of Monaco|accessdate=2007-06-20]
On 2 April 2002 Monaco promulgated Princely Law 1.249 which provides that if a reigning prince dies without surviving legitimate issue, the throne passes to his siblings and their descendants of both sexes, according to the principle of male-preference
primogeniture. [cite web|url=http://www.heraldica.org/topics/national/monaco.htm#const|title=The Constitution (2002)|accessdate=2007-06-20] In October 2005, (after Albert's accession to the throne) this law took full effect when ratified by France, pursuant to the 2002 Franco-Monégasque Treaty regulating relations between the Sovereign Principality and its powerful neighbour. His sisters and their legitimate children thereby acquired the right to succeed to the throne.
Albert's illegitimate son Eric, or daughter, Jazmin, might acquire claims to the throne ahead of all others currently in the
order of successionif Monaco's constitution were changed to that effect. In Eric Alexandre's case, he would also be legitimized and automatically become Monaco's heir apparentunder current law if Albert were to marry Eric's mother in a fully dynastic (i.e., non- morganatic) marriage. But in a 2005 exchange with U.S. interviewer Larry King, Albert stated that this will not happen.
Albert's marrying Jazmin's mother would probably not legitimatize her nor grant her a place in the line of succession, as she would likely be considered an adulterous child. The man to whom Jazmin's mother had been married since 1987, David Schumacher, filed for a divorce from Ms Rotolo on 13 September 1991 in California, according to a San Diego Union-Tribune article by Jeff Wilson of the
Associated Press, citing as grounds "irreconcilable differences". Ms Rotolo did not contest the petition, the couple having been separated since April 1989.
Albert specified that neither of these children is eligible for the throne in statements confirming his paternity. As of November 2007, his eldest sister, Princess Caroline, remains first in the line of succession to the Monegasque throne. Though she is only the heiress-presumptive and not heiress-apparent, Caroline is the Hereditary Princess of Monaco, according to the Grimaldi
house law. [cite web|url=http://www.heraldica.org/topics/national/monaco.htm#house_laws|title=The House Laws|accessdate=2007-06-20]
Until Albert II should have legitimate descendants born of a recognized dynastic marriage, Caroline's eldest son,
Andrea Casiraghi, is second in succession to the throne.
In the last two years there have been rumours now and then that Prince Albert of Monaco is to marry
Charlene Wittstock, his longtime girlfriend.Until now the prince and Miss Wittstock do appear together at several social and family functions, but an official engagement has not been made public.
(International) Year of the Dolphin"
The year 2007 has been declared as
(International) Year of the Dolphin- [http://www.yod2007.org (http://www.yod2007.org)] by the United Nationsand UNEP( United Nations Environment Programme). The UN Convention on Migratory Species, together with its specialized agreements on dolphin conservation ACCOBAMSand ASCOBANSand the WDCS( Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society) have proposed 2007 as the Year of the Dolphin('YOD')).
(International) Patron of the 'Year of the Dolphin' is H.S.H. Prince Albert II of
Monaco. He has launched the start of the year on 17 September 2006: "The Year of the Dolphin gives me the opportunity to renew my firm commitment towards protecting marine biodiversity. With this strong initiative we can make a difference to save these fascinating marine mammals from the brink of extinction."
Monaco's Jardin Animalier, or
zoo, was founded by Prince Rainier. Prince Albert has begun to return the animals to the wild, and intends to convert the Jardin to a zoo for children. This project, undertaken in conjunction with the Born Free Foundation, started after the Prince met the Foundation's founder Virginia McKennafor lunch. [ [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/main.jhtml?xml=/earth/2008/01/26/ealeopard126.xml Leopards incredible journey to freedom] , "Daily Telegraph", January 26, 2008. Accessed May 17, 2008.]
Albert has held two positions:
*"His Serene Highness" The
Hereditary Prince of Monaco, Marquis of Baux(1958-2005)
*"His Serene Highness" The
Sovereign Prince of Monaco(2005-) [ [http://www.news24.com/News24/World/News/0,,2-10-1462_1686106,00.html Albert to inherit lion's share] ] As Prince, his official shortened title is His Serene Highness Albert II, The Sovereign Prince of Monaco; this does not include the many other styles claimed by the Grimaldi family (see Sovereign Prince of Monacofor a complete list of titles).
style=font-size: 90%; line-height: 110%;
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1= 1.Albert II, Prince of Monaco
Rainier III, Prince of Monaco
4= 4. Prince Pierre of Monaco, Count of Polignac
Princess Charlotte, Duchess of Valentinois
John B. Kelly, Sr.
7= 7. Margaret Majer
8= 8. Count Maxence of Polignac
9= 9. Suzanne de la Torre
Louis II, Prince of Monaco
Marie Juliette Louvet
12= 12. John Henry Kelly
13= 13. Mary Costello
14= 14. Charles Majer
15= 15. Margareta Berg
16= 16. Count Charles of Polignac
17= 17. Caroline Joséphine Le Normand de Morando
18= 18. Isidoro Fernando de la Torre
19= 19. Luisa de Mier y Celis
Albert I, Prince of Monaco
Mary Victoria Hamilton
22= 22. Jacques Henri Louvet
23= 23. Josephine Elmire Piedefer
24= 24. Brian Kelly
25= 25. Margaret McLaughlin
26= 26. Walter Costello
27= 27. Anne Burke
28= 28. Karl Majer
29= 29. Wilhelmine Adam
30= 30. Georg Berg
31= 31. Elisabetha Röhrig
Albert's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son.
Patrilineal descentis the principle behind membership in royal houses, as it can be traced back through the generations - which means that if Albert II were to choose an historically accurate house name it would be Polignac(or Chalencon), as all his male-line ancestors have been of that house.
Early descent from [ [http://fabpedigree.com/s062/f040925.htm The PEDIGREE of Guillaume-Armand I (Vicomte) de POLIGNAC] .]
House of Polignac
#Guillaume de Chalencon, d. 1229
#Bertrand de Chalencon, d. 1272
#Bertrand de Chalencon, 1240 - 1295
#Guy de Chalencon, 1279 - 1324
#Guiot de Chalencon
#Guillaume III, Baron de Chalencon, d. 1411
#Pierre Armand, Baron de Chalencon, d. 1447
#Louis-Armand, Viscount of Polignac
#Guillaume-Armand, Viscount of Polignac, d. 1473
#Guillaume of Polignac
#Francois-Armand of Polignac, 1514 - 1582
#Louis-Armand of Polignac, 1556 - 1584
#Gaspard Francois of Polignac, 1579 - 1659
#Louis-Armand of Polignac, 1608 - 1692
#Scipion Sidoine of Polignac, 1660 - 1739
#Louis, Marquis of Polignac, 1716 - 1792
#Jules, Duke of Polignac, 1745 - 1817
#Camille Henri, Count de Polignac, 1781 - 1855
#Count Charles de Polignac, 1824 - 1881
#Count Maxence de Polignac, 1857 - 1936
Pierre de Polignac, 1895 - 1964
Rainier III, Prince of Monaco, 1923 - 2005
Albert II, Prince of Monaco, 1958 -
Riverside Press-Enterprise", 13 March 1993, page BO2
* [http://www.thedesertsun.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060530/BREAKING/60530008 Palm Desert girl may be daughter of Prince Albert II]
* [http://www.afriquechos.ch/IMG/jpg/nicole-2.jpgAlbert with g/f]
* [http://www.yourmonaco.com Monaco]
* [http://google-yahoo-buzz-index.blogspot.com/2006/06/royal-gossip-prince-albert-ii-tamara.html Prince Albert's daughter Jazmin Rotolo (includes pictures)]
* [http://www.familyforest.com/Prince_Albert_1.html Prince Albert Family Ties Chart]
* [http://holiday.monacoeye.com/grimaldi/grimaldi.html Photo of Prince Albert inspecting Guard outside Palace on day of Accession]
* [http://www.theroyalist.net/content/view/1049/2/ Is Prince Albert Set To Announce His Engagement?] 4 August 2006
NAME = Albert II
ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre Grimaldi
SHORT DESCRIPTION = Prince of Monaco
DATE OF BIRTH = 14 March 1958
PLACE OF BIRTH =
Palais Princier, Monaco
DATE OF DEATH =
PLACE OF DEATH =
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