U.S. Route 10


U.S. Route 10

Infobox U.S. Route
article_route=10



length_mi=565
length_ref= [http://www.us-highways.com/us1830.htm US Highways From US 1 to US 830] Robert V. Droz]
length_km=909.2
yrcom=1926
direction_b=East
direction_a=West
from=Jct|state=ND|I|94|BL|94|dab2=Fargo|US|52 at West Fargo, ND
junction=Jct|state=ND|I|29 in Fargo, ND
jct|state=MN|I|35|I|94 in St. Paul, MN
Jct|state=MN|US|61 in Cottage Grove, MN
Jct|state=WI|I|94 in Osseo, WI
Jct|state=WI|I|39|US|51 in Stevens Point, WI
Jct|state=WI|US|41 in Menasha, WI
Jct|state=WI|I|43 near Manitowoc, WI
Jct|state=MI|US|31 near Ludington, MI
Jct|state=MI|US|131 near Reed City, MI
Jct|state=MI|US|127 near Clare, MI
to=Jct|state=MI|I|75|BS|75|dab2=Bay City|US|23|MI|25 in Bay City, MI

U.S. Route 10 is an east-west United States highway formed in 1926.Droz, Robert V. [http://www.us-highways.com/usbt.htm U.S. Highways : From US 1 to (US 830)] . URL accessed 22:46, 20 February 2006 (UTC).] Though it was never the cross-country route suggested by the "0" in its route number, US 10 was once one of the original long-haul highways, from Detroit, Michigan, to Seattle, Washington, before losing much of its length to the Interstate highways. As of 2006, it is convert|565|mi|km long.

The route crosses Lake Michigan by ferry (the SS Badger) between Ludington, Michigan, and Manitowoc, Wisconsin. US 10 is one of only two US Highways that include a ferry ride in the route (US 9 is the other). Formerly, US 16 also had a ferry connection between Muskegon, Michigan, and Milwaukee, Wisconsin; ferry service on this route was restored and now runs as the Lake Express. All U.S. Highway ferries may be eliminated if long tunnels or bridges are constructed to supplant them.

As of 2004, the highway's eastern terminus is in Bay City, Michigan, at an intersection with Interstate 75 (US-10 mile marker 139, I-75 mile marker 162). Its western terminus is in West Fargo, North Dakota at an intersection with Interstate 94.cite web |url=http://www.geocities.com/usend1019/End010/end010.htm Endpoints of US highways |author=Mapguy |date=2006-09-06 |accessdate=2006-12-20 |title=End of U.S. Highway 10]

Route description

North Dakota

In the state of North Dakota, U.S. 10 runs approximately 8 miles (13 km), from Interstate 94 to the Red River. It is one of the primary east-west streets in West Fargo and Fargo, and is called Main Avenue for its entire length in North Dakota. At the Red River, U.S. 10 crosses over a bridge to Moorhead, Minnesota.

Minnesota

US 10 is a major divided highway for almost all of its length in Minnesota.

Wisconsin

U.S 10 Enters Wisconsin at Prescott and treks southeastward passing Neillsville, Marshfield, Stevens Point, Appleton before meeting the S.S. Badger carferry in Manitowoc.

Michigan

U.S. Highway 10 enters Michigan after it crosses Lake Michigan from Manitowoc to Ludington. U.S. 10 is concurrent with U.S. 31 from Ludington to Scottville before Highway 31 heads north. The road then heads east through Baldwin and Reed City before it becomes a freeway west of U.S. 127 near the junction with highway M-115. U.S. 127 and U.S. 10 overlap for a short distance near Clare. U.S. 10 bypasses Midland and terminates at I-75 in Bay City. [cite web|url=http://www.michiganhighways.org/listings/MichHwys10-19.html#US-010|title=US-10|work=MichiganHighways.org|last=Bessert|first=Christopher J.]

Alternate routes

US 10 has had alternate routes designated in the past, but none are active as of 2004.

Between 1926 and 1934, there was a pair of alternate routes between St. Cloud, Minnesota and Moorhead, Minnesota. U.S. Route 10N, the northern route, connected St. Cloud, Little Falls, Minnesota, Motley, Minnesota, and Detroit Lakes, Minnesota before reaching Moorhead. U.S. Route 10S ran from St. Cloud through Alexandria, Minnesota and Fergus Falls, Minnesota before rejoining U.S. Route 10N at Moorhead. In the mid-1930s, U.S. Route 52 was extended into Minnesota, and Route 10S was renamed to Route 52 (now Interstate 94). Route 10N was renamed to Route 10. cite web |author=Riner, Steve |title=The Unfficial Minnesota Highways Page: Details of Routes 1-25 |url=http://www.steve-riner.com/mnhighways/r1-25.htm#10 |accessdate=2006-04-05]

History

Originally, US 10 also passed through Montana, the Idaho Panhandle, and Washington, terminating in Seattle. The completion of I-90 and I-94 replaced US 10 along this route, although some sections of the old US 10 road still exist in such cities as Bismarck, North Dakota, Missoula, Montana and Spokane, Washington. The last section of Interstate 90 to be completed was between Wallace, Idaho and Coeur d'Alene, Idaho in the early 1990s. Much of this route was co-numbered as both Interstate 90 and US 10 until the final completion of Interstate 90 through Idaho.

At the eastern end, US 10 originally went south from Midland, Michigan to Saginaw, Michigan on what is now highway M-47. It then joined up with US 23 in Saginaw, and continued south until it split from US 23 north of Flint, Michigan. It then continued south-east as the Dixie Highway to Pontiac, Michigan, where it became Woodward Avenue, now designated as M-1. From there, US 10 continued on an almost straight line to downtown Detroit, where it intersected with US 16, US 25, and US 12. It then took a two-block jog, and ended up at the Detroit-Windsor Tunnel to Canada.

In the 1970's, US-10 was rerouted off Woodward Avenue in the Detroit area and onto the John C. Lodge Freeway (formerly Business Spur 696) and Telegraph Road. US-10 was truncated to Bay City, Michigan in 1987 at which point the Lodge Freeway was changed to M-10.

In 1925, US-10 was originally proposed to run from Detroit through Chicago, and northwesterly into Wisconsin on what later became US-12.

ee also

*U.S. Route 10 in Wisconsin
* U.S. Route 110
* U.S. Route 210
* U.S. Route 310
* U.S. Route 410
*Washington State Route 10, a convert|16|mi|km|sing=on segment of old U.S. Route 10

References

External links

* [http://www.geocities.com/usend1019/End010/end010.htm US-10 endpoint photos]
* [http://www.state-ends.com/michigan/us/12/ Proposed 1925 Michigan US-10 endpoints (became US-12)] ]
* [http://www.state-ends.com/michigan/us10/ Michigan US-10 endpoints]
* [http://www.state-ends.com/michigan/m/m-1.htm Former US-10 Southern Terminus (now M-1)]
* [http://www.state-ends.com/michigan/m10/ Former US-10 Southern Terminus (now M-10)]

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