- Pope Sixtus II
English name=Sixtus II
August 30, 257
August 6, 258
other=Sixtus| infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Sixtus II
Pope Sixtus II or Pope Saint Sixtus II (a corruption of Greek polytonic|Ξυστος, Xystus, "polished") was
popefrom August 30, 257to August 6, 258. He died as a martyr during the persecution by Emperor Valerian.ws|"" in the 1913 "Catholic Encyclopedia"]
According to the "
Liber Pontificalis", he was Greek by birth; however this is uncertain and disputedws|"" in the 1913 "Catholic Encyclopedia"] by modern western historians arguing that the authors of "Liber Pontificalis" confused him with that of the contemporary author Xystus who was Greek student of Pythagoreanism. He restored the relations with the African and Eastern Orthodoxchurches which had been broken off by his predecessor on the question of heretical baptism.
In the persecutions under Emperor Valerian I in 258, numerous bishops, priests, and deacons were put to death. Pope Sixtus II was one of the first victims of this persecution, being beheaded on
August 6. He was martyred along with six deacons—Januarius, Vincentius, Magnus, Stephanus, Felicissimus and Agapitus.
He is thought to be the author of the pseudo-
Cyprianic writing "Ad Novatianum", though this view has not found general acceptance. Another composition written at Rome, between 253 and 258, is generally agreed to be his.
The following inscription honoring was placed on his tomb by Pope Saint Damasus I::At the time when the sword pierced the bowels of the Mother, I, buried here, taught as Pastor the Word of God; when suddenly the soldiers rushed in and dragged me from the chair. The faithful offered their necks to the sword, but as soon as the Pastor saw the ones who wished to rob him of the palm (of martyrdom) he was the first to offer himself and his own head, not tolerating that the (pagan) frenzy should harm the others. Christ, who gives recompense, made manifest the Pastor's merit, preserving unharmed the flock.Fact|date=February 2007
It is this Sixtus who is referred to by name in the
Roman Canonof the Mass.ws|"" in the 1913 "Catholic Encyclopedia"] . He and his companion-martyrs are commemorated with an optional memorial on 7 August.
Footnotes and references
* [http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/01_01_0257-0258-_Sixtus_II,_Sanctus,_Martyr.html Opera Omnia]
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