Lhotse


Lhotse

Infobox Mountain
Name = Lhotse
Photo = LhotseMountain.jos.500pix.jpg
Caption = The South Face of Lhotse as seen from the climb up to Chukhung Ri.
Elevation = convert|8516|m|ft|0|lk=onA height of 8,501 m is sometimes given but official Nepalese and Chinese mapping agree on 8,516 m.]
Ranked 4th
Location =flagcountry|Nepal (Khumbu)
flagicon|PRC China (Tibet)
Range = Himalaya
Prominence = convert|610|m|ft|0|abbr=on
Coordinates = coord|27|58|N|86|56|E|type:mountain|display=inline,title
First ascent = May 18 1956
flagicon|CH Fritz Luchsinger
flagicon|CH Ernst Reiss
Easiest route = glacier/snow/ice climb
Listing = Eight-thousander

Lhotse (in Nepal officially ल्होत्से, in China officially Lhozê; Tibetan in Wylie transliteration: "lho rtse"; Chinese: 洛子峰, Pinyin: "Luòzǐ Fēng") is the fourth highest mountain on Earth (after Mount Everest, K2 and Kangchenjunga) and is connected to Everest via the South Col. In addition to the main summit at 8,516 metres above sea level, Lhotse Middle (East) is 8,414 metres and Lhotse Shar is 8,383 metres. It is located at the border between Tibet (China) and Nepal.

Notable Features

Lhotse is best known for its proximity to Mount Everest and the fact that climbers ascending the standard route on that peak spend some time on its northwest face, see below. In fact Lhotse has one of the smallest topographic prominence values of any official eight-thousander, as it rises only 610 m (2,000 ft) above the South Col. Hence it is often seen as a minor eight-thousander.

However, Lhotse is a dramatic peak in its own right, due to its tremendous south face. This rises 3.2 km (1.98 mi) in only 2.25 km (1.4 mi) of horizontal distance, making it the steepest face of this size in the world. The south face has been the scene of many failed attempts, some notable fatalities, and very few ascents (one of them, by Tomo Česen, unverified).

Climbing

An early attempt on Lhotse was by the 1955 International Himalayan Expedition, headed by Norman Dyhrenfurth. It also included two Austrians (cartographer Erwin Schneider and Ernst Senn) and two Swiss (Bruno Spirig and Arthur Spöhel), and was the first expedition in the Everest area to include Americans (Fred Beckey, George Bell, and Richard McGowan). The Nepalese liaison officer was Gaya Nanda Vaidya. They were accompanied by 200 local porters and several climbing Sherpas. After a brief look at the dangerous southern approaches of Lhotse Shar, they turned their attention, during September and October, to the West Cwm and the northwest face of Lhotse, on which they achieved an altitude of about convert|8100|m|ft|-2. They were beaten back by unexpectedly strong wind and cold temperatures. Under Schneider's direction they completed the first map of the Everest area (1:50,000 photogrammetric). The expedition also made several short films covering local cultural topics, and made a number of first ascents of smaller peaks in the Khumbu region.cite journal
title = Lhotse 1955
journal = American Alpine Journal, 1956
volume = 10
issue = 2
pages = 7
]

The main summit of Lhotse was first climbed on May 18, 1956 by the Swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger from the Swiss Mount Everest/Lhotse Expedition. [http://www.sfar-evev06.ch/en/expeditions/everest_lhotse56.html First ascent of Lhotse] ] On May 12, 1979, Zepp Maierl and Rolf Walter of Austria made the first ascent of Lhotse Shar. Lhotse Middle remained, for a long time, the highest unclimbed named point on Earth; on May 23, 2001, its first ascent was made by Eugeny Vinogradsky, Sergei Timofeev, Alexei Bolotov and Petr Kuznetsov of a Russian expedition.

On 31 December 1988, Krzysztof Wielicki, a Polish climber, completed the first winter ascent of Lhotse.

As of October 2003, 243 climbers have summitted Lhotse and 11 have died.

Timeline

* 1955 Attempt by the International Himalayan Expedition.
* 1956 First ascent of the main summit.
* 1965 First attempt on Lhotse Shar by a Japanese expedition - reached 8,100m.
* 1979 First ascent of Lhotse Shar by Jerzy Kukuczka
* 1981 April 30 Second ascent of the main summit by Hristo Prodanov, Bulgaria.
* 1981 October 16 Second ascent of Lhotse Shar Switzerland
* 1984 May 20 Third ascent of Lhotse Shar Czechoslovakia
* 1989 Jerzy Kukuczka perishes while climbing the South Face of Lhotse, when his secondhand rope breaks.
* 1996 Chantal Mauduit becomes the first woman to reach the summit of Lhotse.
* 2001 First ascent of Lhotse Middle.
* 2007 Pemba Doma Sherpa, Nepali mountaineer and two-time summiter of Mt. Everest, falls to her death from Lhotse at 8000 m [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6684649.stm Famous female Nepal climber dead] ]

Lhotse Middle

Lhotse Middle was first climbed in 2001 by three groups of Russian climbers. At the time it was the last unclimbed named eight thousand metre summit. [http://www.k2news.com/lhmid01.htm First ascent of Lhotse Middle] ]

The 2001 climb was not the first expedition to the peak; the idea of its ascent was originated by Vladimir Bashkirov (who died in an avalanche in a 1997 expedition). [http://www.russianclimb.com/middle_lhotse.html First ascent of Lhotse Middle] (with route map)]

Summit party details:
* May 23 - first group: Alexey Bolotov, Sergey Timofeev, Evgeny Vinogradsky, Petr Kuznetsov
* May 24 - second group: Nikolay Zilin, Gleb Sokolov (the first person to have climbed all the Lhotse peaks), Yuri Koshelenko
* May 27 - third group: Vladimir Yanochkin, Viktor Volodin

Lhotse Face

The western flank of Lhotse is known as the "Lhotse Face". Any climber bound for the South Col on Everest must climb this 1,125m (3,700ft) wall of glacial blue ice. This face rises at 40 and 50 degree pitches with the occasional 80 degree bulges. High altitude climbing Sherpas and the lead climbers will set fixed ropes up this big wall of ice. Climbers and porters need to establish a good rhythm of front-pointing and pulling themselves up the ropes using their Jumar. Two rocky sections called the Yellow Band and the Geneva Spur interrupt the icy ascent on the upper part of the face.


Notes

External links

* [http://www.peakware.com/peaks.html?pk=153 Lhotse on Peakware]
* [http://www.gonomad.com/alternatives/0602/everest.html Hiking by Lhotse and Everest, GoNOMAD feature article]
* [http://www.8000ers.com/cms/content/view/55/194/ Ascents and fatalities statistics]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lhotse — Südwand vom Chukhung Ri Höhe 8.516  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lhotse — Le Lhotse vu depuis le sommet du Chhukung Ri Géographie Altitude 8 516 m Massif Himalaya …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lhotse — País …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lhotse —   [tibetanisch »Südgipfel (des Everest)«], der vierthöchste Berg der Erde, im Himalaja, südlich des Mount Everest an der Grenze zwischen Nepal und China (Tibet), 8 516 m über dem Meeresspiegel (Bergsteigen, Übersicht) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lhotse — /loht say , hloht /, n. a mountain peak in the Himalayas, on the Nepal Tibet border: fourth highest peak in the world. 27,890 ft. (8501 m). * * * Peak in the Himalayas. Located on the Nepal Tibet boundary and reaching 27,890 ft (8,501 m), it is… …   Universalium

  • Lhotse — geographical name mountain 27,923 feet (8511 meters) on border between Nepal & Tibet in Mt. Everest Massif S of Mt. Everest; 4th highest in the world …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Lhotse — noun A Himalayan mountain on the border between Nepal and China, the fourth highest in the world …   Wiktionary

  • Lhotse — altLhotse o E1/alt ► Pico del Himalaya Central, al S del Everest; 8 511 m …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lhotse — Lho•tse [[t]loʊtˈseɪ, hloʊt [/t]] n. geg a mountain peak in the Himalayas, on Nepal Tibet border: fourth highest peak in the world. 27,890 ft. (8501 m) …   From formal English to slang

  • Lhotse — Lho|t|se [lo:... ], der; (Berg im Himalaja) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.