Gheorghe Lazăr


Gheorghe Lazăr

Gheorghe Lazăr (June 5 1779—September 17 1821, born and died in Avrig, Sibiu County) was a Transylvanian-born Romanian scholar, the founder of the first Romanian language school - in Bucharest, 1818.

Biography

A Habsburg Empire subject, Lazăr was born in a family of peasants. He studied in Sibiu, Cluj, and Vienna, training in theology, but also interested in history and philosophy. The strong admiration he had for Napoleon I, as well as other radical opinions he expressed, prevented him from becoming a priest. He later had to flee for Wallachia, where he worked as a tutor and engineer, drawing admiration from boyar Constantin Bălăceanu, who was charged with the administration of schools throughout the Principality.

His school signified the break with a tradition of schooling in Greek (prevalent under Phanariote rule), and also marked a step towards secularism in education. Lazăr was one of the first wave of Romanian Transylvanian teachers to shape schooling in both Wallachia and Moldavia throughout the 19th century.

In 1821 he became gravely ill, and returned to his home village where he died.

Legacy

Today a great number of Romanian highschools are named in his honour. The most prestigious are:
* The "Gheorghe Lazăr" National College in Bucharest - formed after reorganisation of his first school.
* The "Gheorghe Lazăr" National College in Sibiu - a school Gheorghe Lazăr himself attended in 1801-1802.

A commune (Gheorghe Lazăr) in Ialomiţa County was named after him.

A statue of him was erected in Bucharest's University Square, standing in front of the University of Bucharest. The one erected during the communist regime in Sibiu's main square, controversial because of its Socialist Realist style, was removed and is due to be replaced with a more conventional portrait.

References

*ro icon [http://biserica.org/WhosWho/DTR/L/GheorgheLazar.html Dictionary of Romanian Theologians]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gheorghe Lazar — Gheorghe Lazăr (* 5. Juni 1779; † 17. September 1823) war ein rumänischer Pädagoge, Schriftsteller und Theologe aus Siebenbürgen. Das neue Gheorghe Lazăr Denkmal am Großen Ring in Hermannstadt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gheorghe Lazăr — Gheorghe Lazăr. Buste de Gheorghe Lazăr à Sibiu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gheorghe Lazăr — (* 5. Juni 1779; † 17. September 1823) war ein rumänischer Pädagoge, Schriftsteller und Theologe aus Siebenbürgen. Das neue Gheorghe Lazăr Denkmal am Großen Ring in Hermannstadt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gheorghe Lazar — Original name in latin Gheorghe Lazr Name in other language State code RO Continent/City Europe/Bucharest longitude 44.63333 latitude 27.45 altitude 27 Population 2476 Date 2012 06 12 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Gheorghe Lazăr, Ialomiţa — Gheorghe Lazăr is a commune located in Ialomiţa County, Romania …   Wikipedia

  • Gheorghe Lazăr High School — The Gheorghe Lazăr High School ( ro. Colegiul Naţional Gheorghe Lazăr) is a high school located in central Bucharest, Romania, at the southeast corner of the Cişmigiu Gardens, on the corner of Bulevardul Regina Elisabeta. One of the most… …   Wikipedia

  • Collège national Gheorghe Lazăr — Le collège national Gheorghe Lazăr à Bucarest. Le collège national Gheorghe Lazăr (en roumain: Colegiul national Gheorghe Lazar) est une institution d enseignement secondaire et supérieur situé dans le centre ville historique de Bucarest, la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Comuna Gheorghe Lazar — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Comuna Gheorghe Lazăr Country and Admin Code RO.22.93628 RO …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Lazăr — Lazar (serbisch: Лазар) ist ein männlicher Vorname oder Familienname. Diese insbesondere in verschiedenen slawischen Sprachen übliche, abbrevierte Form des Namens Lazarus geht auf den hebräischen Namen אֶלְעָזָר (Elʿazar) zurück, der „Gott hat… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lázár — Lazar (serbisch: Лазар) ist ein männlicher Vorname oder Familienname. Diese insbesondere in verschiedenen slawischen Sprachen übliche, abbrevierte Form des Namens Lazarus geht auf den hebräischen Namen אֶלְעָזָר (Elʿazar) zurück, der „Gott hat… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.