Thigh


Thigh

Infobox Anatomy
Name = PAGENAME
Latin =
GraySubject =
GrayPage =
Caption = Diagram of the human thigh bone
Precursor =
System =
Artery =
Vein =
Nerve =
Lymph =
MeshName =
MeshNumber =
DorlandsPre =
DorlandsSuf =
In humans the thigh is the area between the pelvis and the knee. Anatomically, it is part of the lower limb.

The single bone in the thigh is called the femur. This bone is very thick and strong (due to the high proportion of cortical bone), and forms a ball and socket joint at the hip, and a condylar joint at the knee.

Fascial compartments

In cross-section, the thigh is divided up into three fascial compartments. These compartments use the femur as an axis, and are separated by tough connective tissue membranes (or septa). Each of these compartments has its own blood and nerve supply, and contains a different group of muscles.

* Medial fascial compartment of thigh
* Posterior fascial compartment of thigh
* Anterior fascial compartment of thigh

Blood vessels

The arterial supply is by the femoral artery and the obturator system. The lymphatic drainage closely follows the arterial supply.

The deep venous system of the thigh consists of the femoral vein, the proximal part of the popliteal vein, and various smaller vessels; these are the site of proximal deep venous thrombosis. The "venae perfortantes" connect the deep and the superficial system, which consists of the saphenous veins (the site of varicose veins).

Thigh weakness

Thigh weakness can result in a positive Gowers' sign on physical examination.

Muscles and Fascia of the Thigh


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thigh — (th[imac]), n. [OE. thi, [thorn]ih, [thorn]eh, AS. [thorn]e[ o]h; akin to OFries. thiach, D. dij, dije, OHG. dioh, thioh, Icel. [thorn]j[=o] thigh, rump, and probably to Lith. taukas fat of animals, tukti to become fat, Russ. tuke fat of animals …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • thigh — O.E. þeoh, þeh, from P.Gmc. *theukhom (Cf. O.Fris. thiach, O.Du. thio, Du. dij, O.N. þjo, O.H.G. dioh), from PIE *teuk from root *teu to swell (Cf. Lith. taukas, O.C.S. tuku, Rus. tuku fat of animal …   Etymology dictionary

  • thigh — [θaı] n [: Old English; Origin: theoh] 1.) the top part of your leg, between your knee and your ↑hip 2.) the top part of a bird s leg, used as food ▪ chicken thighs …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • thigh — [ θaı ] noun count ** 1. ) the top part of your leg, above your knee 2. ) the upper part of the leg of a bird, eaten as food: chicken thighs …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • thigh — ► NOUN ▪ the part of the leg between the hip and the knee. ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • thigh — [thī] n. [ME thih < OE theoh, akin to MHG diech < IE * teuk < base * teu , to swell > THUMB, L tumor] 1. that part of the leg in humans and other vertebrates between the knee and the hip; region of the thighbone, or femur 2. the… …   English World dictionary

  • Thigh — The thigh extends from the hip to the knee. The thigh has only one bone, the femur which is the largest bone in the human body. The thigh is the thick part of the leg. This is reflected in the word thigh which comes from the Indo European root… …   Medical dictionary

  • thigh — noun Etymology: Middle English, from Old English thēoh; akin to Old High German dioh thigh, Lithuanian taukai, plural, fat Date: before 12th century 1. a. the proximal segment of the vertebrate hind or lower limb extending from the hip to the… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • thigh */*/ — UK [θaɪ] / US noun [countable] Word forms thigh : singular thigh plural thighs 1) the top part of your leg, above your knee 2) the upper part of the leg of a bird, eaten as food chicken thighs …   English dictionary

  • thigh — /thuy/, n. 1. the part of the lower limb in humans between the hip and the knee. 2. the corresponding part of the hind limb of other animals; the femoral region. 3. (in birds) a. the true femoral region that is hidden by the skin or feathers of… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.