Battle of Solicinium


Battle of Solicinium

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Solicinium


caption=
partof=Roman-Alamanni conflict
date=367
place=Southwest-Germany, south of the Limes, see article
result=Roman victory
combatant1=Roman Empire
combatant2=Alamanni
commander1=Valentinian I
commander2=
strength1=
strength2=
casualties1=heavy
casualties2=

The Battle of Solicinium was fought in 367 between a Roman Empire army and the Alamanni. The Roman force was led by Emperor Valentinian I, and they managed to repel the Alamanni, but suffered heavy losses during the battle.

There is little known about the battle. Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus claims that different tribes organized themselves for a major offensive, the last one to overcome the Germanic Limes. Forced for battle, the Alamanni retreated on a hill where they inflicted heavy casualties to the onrushing Romans until finally being defeated.

The actual location is not known, but subject to historical discussion. No archaeological evidence has been found so far, so many hills could be the actual one. The mentioned locations are:

Sulz am Neckar, Heidelberg, Schwetzingen, Rottenburg (Sülchen), Glauberg or the Tübinger Spitzberg, all located in southwestern Germany, but in an area of roughly 200 km diametre.


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