- Pope Gregory VIII
:"Not to be confused with the earlier
Antipope Gregory VIII"Infobox Pope
English name=Gregory VIII
birth_name=Alberto di Morra
October 25, 1187
December 17, 1187
Pope Gregory VIII (c. 1100/1105,
Benevento, Italy– December 17, 1187, Pisa, Italy), born Alberto di Morra, was Popefrom October 25, 1187until his death.
Gregory VIII was a well-educated Beneventan noble who became a Cistercian monk in
Laonat a young age. With the establishment of the Premonstratensiansin 1120 he became a member of that order, and is considered the only Premonstratensian Pope. Pope Adrian IVcreated him cardinal-deacon of S. Adriano in December 1155 (or in 1156) and later promoted him to the rank of cardinal-priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina (1158). He subscribed the papal bulls between April 5, 1157and October 13, 1187. He supported the obedience of Pope Alexander IIIagainst the claims of Antipope Victor IV (1159-1164)and his successors. Under this pope he became Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church(February 1178).
In 1172 he attended the council of
Avranchesas papal legate, which absolved Henry II of England(1154–1189) from the guilt of the murder of Thomas Becket(1118–1170).
He was consecrated as
Popein place of Pope Urban III(1185–1187) on October 25, 1187. His first act as Pope was to issue the papal bull" Audita tremendi", which called for the Third Crusadein response to the Battle of Hattinearlier that year. Jerusalemitself had fallen in October, but news of this had not yet reached the Pope. Gregory VIII did not live to see the crusade, as he died of fever that same year. Pope Clement III(1187–1191) was his successor.
Papal election, October 1187
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pope Gregory VIII — Pope Gregory VIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Gregory VIII (ALBERTO DI MORRA). Born about the beginning of the twelfth century, at Benevento; elected at Ferrara, 21 Oct., 1187; died at Pisa, 17 Dec., 1187, after a pontificate… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Boniface VIII — Pope Boniface VIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Boniface VIII (BENEDETTO GAETANO) Born at Anagni about 1235; died at Rome, 11 October, 1303. He was the son of Loffred, a descendant of a noble family originally Spanish, but long… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Urban VIII — Pope Urban VIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Urban VIII Maffeo Barberini, born at Florence in April, 1568; elected pope, 6 August, 1623; died at Rome, 29 July, 1644. His father Antonio Barberini, a Florentine nobleman, who died… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope John VIII — Pope John VIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John VIII (Reigned 872 82) A Roman and the son of Gundus. He seems to have been born in the first quarter of the ninth century; d. 16 Dec., 882. In 853 and 869 he appears as archdeacon … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Benedict VIII — Pope Benedict VIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict VIII Date of birth unknown; d. 9 April, 1024. The first of the Tusculan popes, being the son of Gregory, Count of Tusculum, and Maria, and brother of John XIX, he was, though… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Clement VIII — Not to be confused with Antipope Clement VIII. Clement VIII Papacy began 30 January 1592 Papacy ended 3 March 1605 ( 1000000000000001300000013 yea … Wikipedia
Pope Urban VIII — Urban VIII Papacy began 6 August 1623 Papacy ended 29 July 1644 ( 1000000000000002000000020 years … Wikipedia
Pope Pius VIII — Infobox Pope English name=Pius VIII Pius VIII birth name=Francesco Saverio Castiglioni term start=March 31, 1829 term end=November 30, 1830 predecessor=Leo XII successor=Gregory XVI birth date=birth date|1761|11|20|mf=y birthplace=Cingoli, Italy… … Wikipedia
Pope Benedict VIII — Infobox Pope English name=Benedict VIII birth name=Theophylactus term start=May 18, 1012 term end=April 9, 1024 predecessor=Sergius IV successor=John XIX birth date=??? birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death date|1024|4|9|mf=y… … Wikipedia
Pope Gregory — has been the name of sixteen Roman Catholic Popes and two Antipopes: #Pope Gregory I, also called Gregory the Great #Pope Gregory II #Pope Gregory III #Pope Gregory IV #Pope Gregory V #Pope Gregory VI #*Antipope Gregory VI #Pope Gregory VII,… … Wikipedia