- Pope Gregory III
English name=Gregory III
March 18, 731
November 29, 741
Gregory III (died
November 29, 741) was popefrom 731 to 741.
A Syrian by birth, he succeeded Gregory II in March 731. His pontificate, like that of his predecessor, was disturbed by the iconoclastic controversy in the
Byzantine Empire, in which he vainly invoked the intervention of Charles Martel.
Elected by popular acclamation, he was the last pope to seek the Byzantine
exarch's mandate. Gregory immediately appealed to the Byzantine Emperor Leo III to moderate his position on the iconoclastic controversy. When this elicited no response, Gregory called a synodin November 731, the latter decided to bring the Pope under control. This included appropriating papal territories, and transferring ecclesiastical jurisdictions to the Patriarch of Constantinople.
Gregory's support of the empire led him to help contribute to the recapture of
Ravennaafter it had fallen to the Lombardsin 733. However, he also sought to fortify Rome and seek alliance with opponents of the Lombard monarch Liutprand and then from the Franks. He sent embassies to Charles Martel, who made no response.
Gregory promoted the Church in
northern Europe- such as the missions of Saint Bonifacein Germanyand Willibald in Bohemia. He also bestowed palliums on Egbert of Yorkand Tatwine, Archbishop of Canterbury. He also beautified Romeand supported monasticism.
He is celebrated on
Partially taken from the 9th edition (1880) of an unnamed encyclopedia
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