William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire


William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire

William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire, KG, PC (27 April 180821 December 1891), known as Lord Cavendish of Keighley between 1831 and 1834 and 2nd Earl of Burlington of the 2nd creation between 1834 and 1858, was the great-grandson of the 4th Duke of Devonshire, grandson of the 1st Earl of Burlington, and son of William Cavendish. He succeeded his grandfather as Earl of Burlington (2nd creation) in 1834 before succeeding his cousin as Duke of Devonshire in 1858. In 1829, he married a niece of the 6th Duke, Lady Blanche Howard.

He was Chancellor of the University of London from 1836 to 1856, and then Chancellor of the University of Cambridge from 1861 to 1891. At Cambridge he endowed the Cavendish Laboratory, named after his relative Henry Cavendish. He made vast (and ultimately unsuccessful) investments in heavy industry at Barrow-in-Furness, and had his nearby country house Holker Hall rebuilt in its present form after it was gutted by a fire in 1871.

The Duke's three surviving sons became Members of Parliament: the eldest, known after 1858 by the courtesy title the Marquess of Hartington, MP for Lancashire North 1857–91, led the Liberal Party and was asked three times to be Prime Minister by Queen Victoria (he succeeded his father as 8th Duke in 1891); Lord Frederick Cavendish was MP for the West Riding and Chief Secretary for Ireland and was assassinated in 1882; Lord Edward Cavendish was MP for West Derbyshire. He also had one son, Hon. William (8 October 183115 May 1834) who died as an infant, and a daughter, Lady Louisa Caroline (d. 21 September 1907), who married Adm. Hon. Francis Egerton and had issue.

Ancestry

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1= 1. William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire
2= 2. William Cavendish
3= 3. Louisa O'Callaghan
4= 4. George Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington
5= 5. Elizabeth Compton
6= 6. Cornelius O'Callaghan, 1st Baron Lismore
7= 7. Frances Ponsonby
8= 8. William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire
9= 9. Charlotte Boyle, 6th Baroness Clifford
10= 10. Charles Compton, 7th Earl of Northampton
11= 11. Ann Somerset
12= 12. Thomas O'Callaghan
13= 13. Sarah Davis
14= 14. John Ponsonby
15= 15. Elizabeth Cavendish
16= 16. William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire
17= 17. Catherine Hoskins
18= 18. Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington
19= 19. Dorothy Savile
20= 20. Charles Compton
21= 21. Mary Lucy
22= 22. Charles Somerset, 4th Duke of Beaufort
23= 23. Elizabeth Berkeley
24= 24. Cornelius O'Callaghan
25= 25. Maria Jolley
26= 26. John Davis
28= 28. Brabazon Ponsonby, 1st Earl of Bessborough
29= 29. Sarah Margetson
30= 30. William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire (= 16)
31= 31. Catherine Hoskins (= 17)

References

* [http://www.thepeerage.com/p958.htm#i9571 thePeerage.com]


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