Great Pyrenees

Great Pyrenees

Infobox Dogbreed
akcgroup = Working
akcstd = http://www.akc.org/breeds/great_pyrenees/index.cfm
altname = Great Pyrenees
Chien des Pyrénées
Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées
Montañés del Pirineo
nicknames = Pyr, PMD
ankcgroup = Group 6 (Utility)
ankcstd = http://www.ankc.aust.com/pyrenean.html
ckcgroup = Group 3 - Working Dogs
ckcstd = http://www.ckc.ca/Default.aspx?tabid=137&Breed_Code=GEP
country = France/Spain [http://www.greatpyrenees.com/ A profile on the history of the breed]
fcigroup = 2
fcinum = 137
fcisection = 2
fcistd = http://www.dogdomain.com/fcistandards/fci-137.htm

kcukgroup = Pastoral
kcukstd = http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/discoverdogs/pastoral/p1063.htm
name = Pyrenean Mountain Dog
nzkcgroup = Utility
nzkcstd = http://www.nzkc.org.nz/br668.html
ukcgroup = Guardian Dogs
ukcstd = http://mail.ukcdogs.com/UKCweb.nsf/80de88211ee3f2dc8525703f004ccb1e/9c04fee179bdefba85257044005f6b03?OpenDocument

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog, known as the Great Pyrenees in the United States, is a large breed of dog, used as a livestock guardian dog.

The Great Pyrenees is a very old breed, and has been used for millennia by the shepherds which includes Basque people, who inhabit parts of the region in and around the Pyrenees Mountains of southern France and northern Spain. [http://clubs.akc.org/gpca/gpcabreed.html Early History of the breed] More recently, the breed served as the official dog of the royal French court (whose prominence began circa the Middle Ages, and lasted until the middle of the nineteenth century). During World War II the dogs were used to haul artillery over the Pyrenean Mountain range to and from Spain and France. They are related to several other large white European livestock guardian dogs (LGD), including the Italian Maremma Sheepdog, Kuvasz (Hungary), Akbash Dog (Turkey) and Polish Tatra or Polski Owczarek Podhalański.

Description

Males grow to between 110-120 pounds and 27-32 inches, while females reach between 80-90 pounds and 25-29 inches. They will live to between 10-12 years of age. Their coats are white and can have varying shades of gray, Red (rust) or tan around the face (including a full face mask), ears and sometimes on the body and tail; as a Great Pyrenees matures, their coats grow thicker and the longer colored hair of the coat often fades on those dogs that were not born completely white. Sometimes a little light tan or lemon will appear later in life around the ears and face. Being a double coated breed, the undercoat can also have color and the skin as well. The color of the nose and on the eye rims should be jet black. [http://www.akc.org/breeds/great_pyrenees/index.cfm American Kennel Club Profile] Grey or tan markings that remain lend the French name, "blaireau," (badger) which is a similar grizzled mixture color seen in the European Badger. More recently any color is correctly termed "Badger" or "Blaireau." [http://clubs.akc.org/gpca/gpcabreed.html A description of the breed] All white dogs are not preferred by top breeders for many reasons. Therefore, these all white dogs in most breedings are less frequent. Its not unusual that breedings that result in a high incidence of all white puppies do not have the required jet black pigment on the nose and eye rims. These breeding lines are therefore not, as a rule, desirable in well bred stock. There are generally all white puppies in most litters. This is normal and these all white puppies can be bred successfully in the hands of a competant breeder. The rear leg bilateral double dewclaws are required.

In popular culture

* In the anime/manga Azumanga Daioh, Chiyo Mihama's pet Tadakichi-san (Mr. Tadakichi) is a Great Pyrenees.
* In the novel, Belle et Sébastien and 60s children's TV series, Belle is a Great Pyrenees.
* The 2004 film "Finding Neverland" used a Great Pyrenees to represent J.M. Barrie's Landseer Newfoundland.
* The Spanish designer Javier Mariscal was inspired by this dog breed for the design of the 1992 Summer Olympics mascot "Cobi".
* In "Hanazakarino Kimitachihe", the male lead had a Great Pyrenees named Yu Ci Lan for a pet.
* The Japanese series Ginga Densetsu Weed features a Great Pyrenees named Hiro.
* In the film "Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines" (1965) a Great Pyrenees is the household dog at the Lord Rawnsley estate.
* In the Marx Brothers' "Horse Feathers" there's a Great Pyrenees in the dog catcher's wagon.
* In the Korean variety show "Happy Sunday - 1 Night 2 Days", Sang Geun is a Great Pyrenees.

See also

* Polish Tatra Sheepdog

References

External links

* [http://toppooch.ning.com Great Pyrenees Community] The gathering place for everyone who has an interest in Great Pyrenees. Study groups, blogs, and much more with levels of interest for everyone.
* [http://www.sonic.net/~cdlcruz/GPCC/library.htm Great Pyrenees Library] : interesting and useful articles on breeding, behavior, livestock guardians, Great Pyrenees rescue and medical information
* [http://www.greatpyr.com GreatPyr.com] : Great Pyrenees Information & Resources. Photo Gallery, Forums, and Breed Information
* [http://www.greatpyrenees.com Great Pyrenees Connection] : Great Pyrenees breed information, photographs, history of the breed in France and the Netherlands, links to international Great Pyrenees breeders and Great Pyrenees clubs
* [http://www.great-pyrenees.us Great Pyrenees Dogs] : Info about the breed as a family pet
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6EdNHI5inDM Movie about the characteristics of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog]


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Great Pyrenees — n. any of a breed of large dog, bearlike in appearance, with a long, thick white coat, but falling ears, originally used in the Pyrenees to guard sheep and as a guide in snowy regions, now usually kept as a watchdog …   English World dictionary

  • Great Pyrenees — noun bred of large heavy coated white dogs resembling the Newfoundland • Hypernyms: ↑dog, ↑domestic dog, ↑Canis familiaris * * * ˈpirə(ˌ)nēz sometimes ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ˈ ̷ ̷ noun Etymology: great (I) (as in …   Useful english dictionary

  • Great Pyrenees — one of a breed of large dogs having a heavy, white coat, raised originally in the Pyrenees for herding sheep and as a watchdog. [1935 40] * * * ▪ breed of dog also called  Pyrenean mountain dog   large working dog, probably of Asian origin, that… …   Universalium

  • Great Pyrenees — noun (plural Great Pyrenees) Date: 1938 any of a breed of large heavy coated white dogs often used to guard livestock …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Great Pyrenees — Great′ Pyr′enees n. dch one of a breed of large, heavy dogs with a thick white coat, raised orig. in the Pyrenees for guarding sheep …   From formal English to slang

  • Great Pyrenees — noun A large breed of dog originating in France and often used to guard livestock. Syn: Pyrenean Mountain Dog …   Wiktionary

  • Pyrenees (disambiguation) — Pyrenees may refer to any of three mountain ranges: *Pyrenees, on the Franco Spanish border *Pyrenees (Victoria), in south eastern Australia *Montes Pyrenaeus, on the moon* Pyrenees (cheese) is a French cheese made in the region of Aquitaine. *… …   Wikipedia

  • Great Ocean Road — Surfcoast Highway …   Wikipedia

  • Great Pyr|e|nees — «PIHR uh nihz», a large, white sheep dog developed in the Pyrenees Mountains that stands 27 to 32 inches high and weighs up to 125 pounds …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pyrenees — Geobox|Range name=Pyrenees other name= es. Pirineos ca. Pirineus fr. Pyrénées oc. Pirenèus an. Perinés eu. Pirinioak etymology=Pyrene|etymology type=Named for image caption=Central Pyrenees country=Spain| country1=France| country2=Andorra unit=… …   Wikipedia


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