- Pope Celestine I
English name=Celestine I
April 6, 432
other=Celestine| infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Celestine I
Pope Saint Celestine I was
popefrom 422 until April 6, 432.
Celestine I was a Roman. Nothing is known of his early history except that his father's name was Priscus. He is said to have lived for a time at Milan with St. Ambrose. The first notice, however, concerning him that is known is in a document of
Pope Innocent I, in the year 416, where he is spoken of as "Celestine the Deacon".
Various portions of the
liturgyare attributed to him, but without any certainty on the subject. Though he did not attend personally, he sent delegates to the Council of Ephesusin which the Nestorianswere condemned, in 431. Four letters written by him on that occasion, all dated March 15, 431, together with a few others, to the African bishops, to those of Illyria, of Thessalonica, and of Narbonne, are extant in retranslations from the Greek, the Latinoriginals having been lost.
St. Celestine actively condemned the Pelagians, and was zealous for orthodoxy. He sent
Palladiusto Irelandto serve as a bishop in 431. Bishop Patricius ( Saint Patrick) continued this missionary work. Pope Celestine raged against the Novatiansin Rome, imprisoning their bishop, and forbidding their worship. He was zealous in refusing to tolerate the smallest innovation on the constitutions of his predecessors, and is recognized by the Church as a saint.
St. Celestine died on
April 6, 432. He was buried in the cemetery of St. Priscilla in the Via Salaria, but his body, subsequently moved, now lies in the Basilica di Santa Prassede.
In art, Saint Celestine is portrayed as a Pope with a dove, dragon, and flame.
* [http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/01_01_0422-0432-_Caelestinus_I,_Sanctus.html Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes]
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03477c.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "Pope St. Celestine I"]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pope Celestine V — Pope St. Celestine V † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Celestine V (PIETRO DI MURRONE.) Born 1215, in the Neapolitan province of Moline; elected at Perugia 5 July, 1294; consecrated and crowned at Aquila, 29 August; abdicated at… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Celestine II — Pope Celestine II † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Celestine II (GUIDO DEL CASTELLO, DE CASTELLIS) A native of Roman Tuscany, date of birth unknown; d. 8 March, 1144. He was a disciple of Abelard, and added to great learning the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Celestine IV — Pope Celestine IV † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Celestine IV (GOFREDO CASTIGLIONI.) A native of Milan, nephew of Urban III, and probably a Cistercian; died 10 November, 1241. He was made Cardinal by Gregory IX and succeeded … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Celestine V — Infobox Pope English name=Celestine V birth name=Pietro Angelerio term start=July 7 1294 term end=December 13 1294 predecessor=Nicholas IV successor=Boniface VIII birth date=1215 birthplace= near Isernia, Italy dead=dead|death date=death… … Wikipedia
Pope Celestine — There have been five Popes Celestine of the Roman Catholic Church: # Pope Celestine I (422 ndash;432) # Pope Celestine II (1143 ndash;1144) #* Antipope Celestine II # Pope Celestine III (1191 ndash;1198) # Pope Celestine IV (1241) # Pope… … Wikipedia
Pope Celestine IV — Infobox Pope English name=Celestine IV birth name=Goffredo da Castiglione term start=October 25, 1241 term end=November 10, 1241 predecessor=Gregory IX successor=Innocent IV birth date=Date unknown birthplace= Milan, Italy dead=dead|death… … Wikipedia
Pope Celestine II — Infobox Pope English name=Celestine II birth name=Guido di Castello term start=September 25, 1143 term end=March 8, 1144 predecessor=Innocent II successor=Lucius II birth date=??? birthplace=Città di Castello, Italy dead=dead|death date=death… … Wikipedia
Pope Celestine III — Pope Celestine III † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Celestine III (GIACINTO BOBONE) The first of the Roman Orsini to ascend the Chair of Peter, b. about 1106; d. at Rome, 8 January, 1198. He was forty seven years a Cardinal when, in … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Celestine III — Infobox Pope English name=Celestine III birth name=Giacinto Bobone term start=March 30, 1191 term end=January 8, 1198 predecessor=Clement III successor=Innocent III birth date= ca. 1106 birthplace= Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death… … Wikipedia
Pope Boniface VIII — Pope Boniface VIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Boniface VIII (BENEDETTO GAETANO) Born at Anagni about 1235; died at Rome, 11 October, 1303. He was the son of Loffred, a descendant of a noble family originally Spanish, but long… … Catholic encyclopedia