- European Free Trade Association Surveillance Authority
thumb|250px|legend|#008000|Countries under the Surveillance Authoritylegend|#000080|Countries under the
The European Free Trade Association Surveillance Authority performs the
European Commission's role as "guardian of the treaties" for the countries of the European Free Trade Association. By this the authority is tasked with ensuring laws and regulations are properly enacted by members, taking them to the European Free Trade Association Court. The Authority has its headquarters in Brussels, Belgium.
The original plan for the EEA lacked the EFTA Surveillance Authority, and instead had the European Commission exercising this role. However, during the negotiations for the EEA agreement, the
European Court of Justiceinformed the Council of the European Unionby way of letter that they considered that giving the EU institutions powers with respect to non-EU member states would be a violation of the treaties, and therefore the current arrangement was developed instead.
legend|#66FF99|Former members, now EU statesThe Authority is composed of a college of three members, one from each country. Unlike the European Commission, the members of the Authority are largely administrative in nature with little political history. The body is appointed for a 4 year
term, but the President is selected from among them every 2 years. The current President was appointed in 2006.
Kurt Jaeger (
Liechtenstein): Responsibility for free movement of persons, free movement of services, free movement of capital, intellectual property rightsand horizontal provisions (environment, healthand safetyat work, labour law, equal rightsfor men and women, company lawand consumer rights).
Kristján Andri Stefánsson (
Iceland): Responsibility for competition, public undertakings, monopolies, public procurementand free movement of goods ( veterinaryand phytosanitarymatters, technical regulations, standards, testing & certification, product liabilityand energy).
Aside from the college, the Authority has a staff of 60. its working language is English but it communicates with people outside the authority in any EEA language.
Free trade areas in Europe
European Free Trade Association
European Free Trade Association Court
European Economic Area
* [http://www.eftasurv.int/ EFTA SA website]
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