Copyist


Copyist

A copyist is a person who makes written copies. In ancient times, a scrivener was also called a calligraphus (pl. calligraphi). The term's modern use is almost entirely confined to music copyists, who are employed by the music industry to produce neat copies from a composer or arranger's manuscript.

Music copyists

Until the 1990s, most copyists worked by hand to write out scores and individual instrumental parts neatly, using a calligraphy pen, manuscript paper, and often a ruler. In the 1990s, copyists began using scorewriters - computer programs which are the music notation equivalent of a word processor. (Such programs include Finale, Sibelius or GNU LilyPond).

Both handwritten and computer-based copying require a significant understanding of musical notation, music theory, the musical styles and conventions of different styles of music (e.g., regarding appropriate ornamentation), and strong attention to detail and past conventions. Ludwig van Beethoven had a contentious relationship with his copyists, who often made mistakes that have remained uncorrected until the advent of Urtext editions; some musicologists have devoted a lot of effort to identifying Beethoven's copyists.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ Tyson (1970) Alan. Autumn. "Notes on Five of Beethoven's Copyists" 23 3 Journal of the American Musicological Society p. 439

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Copyist — Cop y*ist, n. A copier; a transcriber; an imitator; a plagiarist. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • copyist — ► NOUN 1) a person who makes copies. 2) a person who imitates the styles of others, especially in art …   English terms dictionary

  • copyist — [käp′ēist] n. 1. a person who makes written copies; transcriber 2. a person who imitates; copier …   English World dictionary

  • Copyist —    A copyist is a skilled technician who copies the designs of a particular designer or company. Applying the technical disciplines of draping and patternmaking and often through the means of a rub off couture items as well as garments worn by… …   Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry

  • copyist — UK [ˈkɒpɪɪst] / US [ˈkɑpɪɪst] noun [countable] Word forms copyist : singular copyist plural copyists someone who produces copies of things such as documents, music, or paintings …   English dictionary

  • copyist — [[t]kɒ̱piɪst[/t]] copyists N COUNT A copyist copies other people s music or paintings or, in the past, made written copies of documents. She copies the true artist s signature as part of a painting, as do most copyists …   English dictionary

  • copyist — /ˈkɒpiəst/ (say kopeeuhst) noun 1. a transcriber, especially of documents. 2. Music someone who notates the individual orchestral parts by reference to the full orchestral score; a part copyist. 3. someone who imitates or copies …   Australian English dictionary

  • copyist — noun Date: 1696 1. one who makes copies 2. imitator …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • copyist — /kop ee ist/, n. 1. a person who transcribes copies, esp. of documents. 2. an imitator. [1690 1700; COPY + IST] * * * …   Universalium


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