Hinduism in China


Hinduism in China

Hinduism is a minor religion in The People's Republic of China, with roughly about 130,000 followers and composing only of .01% of China's total population.Fact|Fenruary 2007|date=February 2008

History of Hinduism in China

Early Hindu Influence

.

There was a small Hindu community in China, mostly situated in southeastern China .A late thirteenth-century bilingual Tamil and Chinese-language inscription has been found associated with the remains of a Siva temple of Quanzhou. This was one of possibly two south Indian-style Hindu temples(115) that must have been built in the southeastern sector of the old port, where the foreign traders' enclave was formerly located.
* [http://www.tamilnation.org/heritage/china.htm]

The Four Heavenly Kings originated from the Lokapālas. Hanuman is believed by some scholars to be a source for the Chinese mythological character Sun Wukong.

The Yaksha (Traditional Chinese: 夜叉) originally from Hindu mythology, are a class of nature ghosts or demons. Belief in the Yaksha made its way to China through the Lotus Sutra, which was originally translated into Chinese by Dharmaraksa around 290 CE, before being superseded by a translation in seven fascicles by Kumārajīva in 406 CE.

Hinduism in the Cultural Revolution and Beyond

Hinduism in China faced even more obstacles during the rise of Communism in China, when the Chinese Communist government discouraged any practice of religion, as it was considered anti-socialist, as well as a symbol of feudalism and foreign colonialism. During the Communist Cultural Revolution, a movement which took place from 1966 to 1977, religious people of all faiths were persecuted, and during this time, many religious buildings and services were closed down and replaced with non religious buildings for more materialistic services. However, from 1977 onwards, the government eased their restrictions on religion as the Constitution of the People's Republic of China was signed and many of the Chinese were allowed to practice their religious and personal beliefs once again. Even so, the government is still very suspicious of other religious activities, specifically if it involves foreign nations.

Hinduism in mainland China

Even though Buddhism is the child of Hinduism and like Hinduism originated within the Indian culture, the impact on China and Chinese way of life is phenomenal. Tibetan Buddhists are influenced by Hindu ideals and take part in Hindu religious gatherings and discussions. It is believed that this had resulted from the increase of Tibetan refugees (including that of the Dalai Lama) in India after the People's Republic of China's occupation of Tibet to prevent Tibet from successfully declaring independence.

WorldWide religious news states that the International Society for Krishna Consciousness has devotees in China [http://www.wwrn.org/article.php?idd=23598&sec=59&con=17] .

ee also

* List of Hindu temples

External links

*http://acc6.its.brooklyn.cuny.edu/~phalsall/texts/chinrelg.html
*http://www.religionfacts.com/chinese_religion/history.htm
*http://www.friesian.com/six.htm
*http://hinduwebsite.com/hinduism/h_buddhism.htm
*http://www.hindu.org/publications/frawley/yogabuddhism.html
* [http://ismaili.net/Source/0104c.html Siva Temple in China]


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