- German settlement in Australia
German settlement in Australia began in large numbers in 1838, with the arrival of immigrants from
Prussiato Adelaide, South Australia. German immigrants became prominent in settling South Australia and Queensland. From 1850 until World War I, German settlers and their descendants comprised the largest non-British group of Europeans in Australia.
The Prince George and Bengalee group - November 1838
The first group arrived with Pastor
August Kavelon the ships "Prince George", and "Bengalee". These first immigrants to settle from what is today known as Germanywere escaping from what they considered to be religious persecution at the hands of Prussian King Frederick William III. The group was composed of Lutheran immigrants who had left their homeland mainly because of their rejection of Prussian state enforcement of a new prayer book for church services. They developed a settlement at Klemzig, six kilometers from Adelaide.
The Zebra Group - December 1838
The Catharina Group - January 1839
The Skjold Group - October 1841
In 1840 a letter was sent to the
Old Lutheransin Prussia to encourage others to also emigrate. Included in this letter was a request for a second pastor to be sent also. The group set sail for Australia, on 11 July 1841on the "Skjold". On a trip beset with sickness, 55 people, mainly young children and the elderly died. On October 28, 1841, 213 emigrants from Prussia arrived at Port Misery in South Australia. With them was Pastor Gotthard Fritzsche, who had been encouraged to emigrate because of the Prussian government’s requirement for a Pastor to accompany the emigrants. The migrants settled at Lobethal, and Bethenien.
In 1842, Langmeil was settled.
Hermann von Beckerath Group - 1847
Early German immigrants were instrumental in the creation of the South Australian Wine Industry. One of the earliest wine makers, whose descendants still produce wine, was Carl August Sobels. Born in
Dresdenin 1802, he arrived in South Australia on the "Hermann von Beckerath" in 1847. At first he farmed at Macclesfield before moving to Tanunda where he produced table wines. After his death in 1863 the business was conducted by his son Ferdinand.
By the mid 1840s, the German community in South Australia had become large enough to warrant its own German-language newspaper. In 1847, the first German newspaper in Australia, "Die Deutsche Post", was founded in Adelaide.
an Francisco Group - October 1850
The barque "San Francisco" (a three masted barque of 450 tons (nm) built in Bjornberg, Sweden in 1846 and owned by J C Godeffroy & Sons) landed a number of emigrants in
South Australiaon 14 October 1850[http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/fh/passengerlists/1850Northumberland-San%20Francisco%20RegisterOctober14.jpg] after leaving Hamburgon 15 June(or 23 June ?) [http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/fh/passengerlists/1850Northumberland-San%20Francisco%20RegisterOctober14.jpg] 1850. The ship almost never arrived, as it sailed straight into a major storm at Port Misery (Port Adelaide), which also wrecked the barque "Grecian" (three-masted, built at Sunderland, England in 1841) earlier that day. It was reported in a local newspaper of the time that the newly arrived emigrants on the ship were from the linen-producing Prussian province of Silesia. Like previous German emigrants to South Australia, the passengers then dispersed throughout the colony.
Passenger List of the San Francisco:
Schiff: San Francisco Kapitän:Kramer von: Hamburg nach: Adelaide und: Melbourne am: 15.06.1850
Ahrenstein Adolph Kaufmann Hamburg Sara Levy, Fanny, Doris Ahrenstein Friedrich Kaufmann Lippstadt Auguste Arnsberg J.M. Kaufmann Hamburg Becker Friedrich Stellmacher Leipzig Bandholz Friedrich Zimmermann Kiel Binder August Maurer Grenitz Braunack Friedrich Tuchmacher Tirschtiegel Frau 2 Söhne Erichsen Johanna Hamburg-Altona Findeisen C.C. Lehrer Markkleeberg Fischer Christian Schäfer Osteritz Frau 3 Kinder Fromm Gottlieb Schneider Millostow Gomalla Mattes Landmann Ganrow Gaßan J. Landmann Tornow Maria Elisabeth Gormann Johann Landmann Tornow Frau 3 Kinder Grabasch Louise Muschten Huppatz Johann Schuhmacher Tauer Frau 4 Kinder Hemmerling J.F. Landmann Muschten Frau 3 Kinder Hübener Gottlob Landmann Zirchau Anna Hanel Carl Sattler Libau Irmler Georg Landmann Sawade Anna Irmler Friedrich Landmann Sawade Frau 3 Kinder Koopmann Gottlieb Schneider Wismar Kilian Christian Landmann Tauer Frau 4 Kinder Kloke Gottlieb Stellmacher Kay Frau 2 Kinder Kurtze Samuel Zimmermann Brausendorf Frau 2 Kinder Kurtze Wilhelm Landmann Brausendorf Frau 1 Kind Kalckwitz Wilhelm Landmann Schmölen Frau Tochter Koch Michael Schuhmacher Krakau Lewels Carl Johann Destillateur Hamburg Lehmann Gottlob Landmann Muschten Frau 1 Kind Meyer Wilhelm Tischler Zagajewitzky Meincke Johann Landmann Boitzenburg Müller Johann Schneider Tirschtiegel Julie 3 Kinder Müller Rosine Tirschtiegel Mattner Gottfried Landmann Kay Frau 4 Kinder Meinje August Landmann Müllerhausen Maticke Samuel Landmann Schmölen Frau 3 Kinder Mathias Catharina M. Hamburg Noack Anna Ruben Noack Anna Ruben Noack Johann Landmann Tauer Anna Maria Noack Elisabeth Tauer Maria Noack Martin Landmann Tauer Noack Gottfried Landmann Tauer Anna Nagel Heinrich Schneider Bowitz Louise Pätzel Gottlob Schäfer Jany Anna Rosina Pätzel Carl August Landmann Jany Pätzel Wilhelm Ernst Landmann Jany Anna Helena, AnnaDorothea, Christine Parde August Stellmacher Muschten Pöck Gottlob Landmann Kay Frau 2 Kinder Romm Daniel Landmann Gutabschied Frau 4 Kinder Reimann Gottlob Schäfer Muschten Frau 3 Kinder Ruge Christian Schuhmacher Muschten Frau Sohn Richsteig Georg Landmann Coschten Frau 4 Kinder Rößler Wilhelm Landmann Neubauroh Frau 6 Kinder Roi Ferdinand Schuhmacher Tischtiegel Frau 1 Kind Richter E.G. Schäfer Cottbus Roedinger Friedrike Berlin 5 Kinder Rüthing F.L. Hutfrabikant Paderborn Frau 2 Kinder Richter Sophie Hamburg Schröder J.G. Tischler Möckern Frau 4 Kinder Schmerl Gottfried Landmann Deutsch Kessel Frau 1 Kind Schäpe Christian Landmann Sawade Frau 4 Kinder Semler Georg Landmann Herde Frau 4 Kinder Schütz Mathias Landmann Bobitz Schultz Friedrich Landmann Muschten Frau 1 Kind Schultz Gottlob Schäfer Muschten Frau 1 Kind Stenke Gottfried Müller Kay Anna Stenke Wilhelm Müller Kay Rosina 4 Kinder Stenke Louise Dienstmädchen Kay Saegenschnitter Gottlob Landmann Scharky Sturzel Carl Landmann Schmöllen Tilemann C.H. Kaufmann Neustadt Uplegger J.E.G. Landmann Neu Treptow Voigt Robert O. Zimmermann Ehrenberg Vorwerk Gottfried Schuhmacher Langheinersdorf Frau 5 Kinder Wolff Christian Schäfer Osteritz Frau 3 Kinder Wundersitz Carl Landmann Ritschütz Frau 3 Kinder Wenske Gottlob Landmann Muschten Frau 1 Kind Zahnleiter Phillip Maurer Käferthal Zirck Dorothea Hamburg James
* Harmstorf, Ian and Cigler, Michael (1985) "The Germans in Australia" Melbourne : AE Press. Australian ethnic heritage series. ISBN 0867872039
* Tampke, Jurgen and Doxford, Colin (1990) "Australia, Willkommen : a history of the Germans in Australia"Kensington, N.S.W : New South Wales University Press. ISBN 0868403075
* [http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/dnutting/germanaustralia/e/chron/chron1.htm "German Australia" Chronology]
* [http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/places/zivillager/history.shtml Zivil Lager (Internment Camp): World War One Prisoners Of War At Trial Bay] (online exhibition)
* [http://members.iinet.net.au/~perthdps/shipping/mig-sa2.htm] South Australian Migrant Shipping (1836-1860)
* [http://homepage.mac.com/graememoad/Family/Ships/san_francisco.htm] SAN FRANCISCO passenger list and some other link.
Immigration to Australia
*German Baptist settlers in Australia
Australian place names changed from German names
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