Bosnia (region)


Bosnia (region)

Historically and geographically, the region known as Bosnia (natively Bosna; Cyrillic: Босна) lies mainly in the Dinaric Alps, ranging to the southern borders of the Pannonian plain, with the rivers Sava and Drina marking its northern and eastern borders. The southern, Mediterranean, region of the country is Herzegovina.

The area of Bosnia comprises approximately 41,000 km², and makes up about 80% of the territory of the present-day state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. There are no true borders between the regions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and, unofficially, Herzegovina is south of Ivan-planina.

The two regions have formed a geopolitical entity since medieval times, and the name "Bosnia" commonly occurs in historical and geopolitical senses as generally referring to both regions (Bosnia and Herzegovina). The official use of the name including both regions started only in the late period of Ottoman-rule.

History

Inhabited by tribes since the 7th century, different areas of today's Bosnia were part of different Croatian, Serbian, and independent Bosnian states. The first Bosnian state was established under the ban Kulin in the 12th century. It was at its strongest under the king Tvrtko in the latter half of the 14th century. From then on, the Bosnian kingdom included most of the territory of today's Bosnia and of what would later become known as Herzegovina.

After losing its independence to the Ottoman Empire in 1463, Bosnia (including Herzegovina) was a state ("sanjak") within the empire for four centuries. The area acquired the name of "Bosnia and Herzegovina" in 1853 as a result of a twist in political events.

Austro-Hungarian Empire occupied it in 1878 and formally annexed it in 1908.

After the First World War, which started around a crisis involving Bosnia, it became a part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During the Second World War, from 1941 to 1945, Bosnia was a part of the fascist puppet Independent State of Croatia, but large areas of Bosnia were controlled by Partisan or Chetniks resistance forces. After the war Bosnia and Herzegovina became a constituent federal republic of socialist Yugoslavia.

During the breakup of Yugoslavia, in 1992 Bosnia and Herzegovina proclaimed independence. Many Bosnian Serbs opposed this and proclaimed their own Republika Srpska on the territories they controlled. A bloody war ensued in which Serbs were disproportionately stronger. The war ended with the 1995 Dayton Agreement establishing Bosnia and Herzegovina as comprising of two constituent territorial 'entities' -- the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, and three constituent peoples -- Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats.

Gallery


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bosnia (región) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Bosnia (desambiguación). Límites aproximados entre Bosnia (naranja) y Herzegovina (azul) Nota: No existen límites oficiales entre Bosnia y Herzegovina y las fronteras son… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bosnia (desambiguación) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Bosnia, puede estar asociado a uno de los siguientes artículos: Bosnia y Herzegovina: Estado europeo cuya capital es Sarajevo. Federación de Bosnia y Herzegovina: Una de las dos entidades, junto con la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bosnia (disambiguation) — Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country in southeastern Europe. Bosnia may also refer to:Places: *The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as defined by the Dayton Agreement *Bosnia (region), in southeastern Europe *Bosnia Province, Ottoman Empire,… …   Wikipedia

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina — Bosnia redirects here. For other uses, see Bosnia (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina or Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosna i Hercegovina Босна и Херцеговина …   Wikipedia

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina — • Together, form the north western corner of the Balkan Peninsula Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Bosnia and Herzegovina     Bosnia and Herzegovina      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bosnia y Herzegovina — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Bosnia (desambiguación). Босна и Херцеговина Bosna i Hercegovina Bosna i Hercegovina Босна и Херцеговина Bosna i Hercegovina Bosnia y Herzegovina …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bosnia-Herzegovina — es un país montañoso ubicado en la Península de los Balcanes, en el sudeste de Europa, bordeando el Mar Adriático y Croacia. Su capital es Sarajevo. Fue anteriormente una de las seis unidades federales constituyentes de Yugoslavia. Obtuvo su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Región de Sarajevo-Romanija — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El mapa muestra la localización de la Región de Sarajevo Romanija en Bosnia y Herzegovina. La Región de Sarajevo Romanija , también llamada Región de Sokolac, es una región que pertenece a la entidad de República… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina–Croatia relations — Bosnia and Herzegovina – Croatia relations Croatia …   Wikipedia

  • Bosnia — ► Región de los Balcanes que, juntamente con Herzegovina, constituye la república de Bosnia Herzegovina. ► HISTORIA La región fue invadida sucesivamente por ilirios, romanos y godos, y esclavizada por los croatas en el s. VII. En 1463 cayó en… …   Enciclopedia Universal


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.