Arthur Grey, 14th Baron Grey de Wilton

Arthur Grey, 14th Baron Grey de Wilton

Arthur Grey, 14th Baron Grey of Wilton (1536-1593) was a baron in the Peerage of England, born to William Grey, 13th Baron Grey de Wilton and Princess Mary Somerset of Worcester and England, who was a 7th generation male-line descendant of King Edward III of England, as the daughter of Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester. He was recorded as being Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire on two separate occasions, in both 1569 and 1587, though it is not recorded if he held that title for all the years in between.

In 1580, he recruited a force of 6000 and was sent as Lord Deputy of Ireland to quell the Second Desmond Rebellion. His first main encounter was when he led an army of approx 3000 in the Battle of Glenmalure, County Wicklow in August, where he was defeated, with casualties of 800. Later in the same year he led a force of 800 to Ard na Caithne (Smerwick) in County Kerry where he massacred 600 Irish/Italian/Spanish troops who surrendered, a notorious incident known as the Siege of Smerwick. By 1582, the rebellion was in its last throes and he was recalled to England.

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