Brachial artery


Brachial artery

Infobox Artery
Name = PAGENAME
Latin = arteria brachialis
GraySubject = 150
GrayPage = 589


Caption = The brachial artery.


Caption2 = Right upper limb, anterior view, brachial artery and elbow.
BranchFrom = axillary artery
BranchTo = Profunda brachii
Superior ulnar collateral artery
Inferior ulnar collateral artery

Vein = brachial vein
Supplies = biceps brachii muscle, triceps brachii muscle
MeshName = Brachial+Artery
MeshNumber = A07.231.114.139
The brachial artery is the major blood vessel of the upper arm.

It is a continuation of the axillary artery beyond the lower margin of teres major muscle. It continues down the ventral surface of the arm until it reaches the cubital fossa at the elbow. It then divides into the radial and ulnar arteries which run down the forearm. In some individuals, the bifurcation occurs much earlier and the ulnar and radial arteries extend through the upper arm.The pulse of the brachial artery is palpable on the anterior aspect of the elbow and, with the use of a stethoscope and sphygmomanometer (blood pressure cuff) often used to measure the blood pressure.

Branches

* Profunda brachii artery (also known as the deep brachial artery)
* Superior ulnar collateral artery
* Inferior ulnar collateral artery
* Radial artery (a terminal branch)
* ulnar artery (a terminal branch)
* humeral branches (a branches supply the humerus)important anastomotic networks of the elbow and (as the axillary artery) the shoulder.


=Additional

External links

* [http://www.portfolio.mvm.ed.ac.uk/studentwebs/session1/group50/arm.htm Dissection at mvm.ed.ac.uk]
* [http://anatomy.med.umich.edu/surface/pulses/pulses.html Image at umich.edu - pulse]
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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brachial artery — The artery that runs from the shoulder down to the elbow. * * * brachial artery n the chief artery of the upper arm that is a direct continuation of the axillary artery and divides into the radial and ulnar arteries just below the elbow see DEEP… …   Medical dictionary

  • brachial artery — noun the main artery of the upper arm; a continuation of the axillary artery; bifurcates into the radial and ulnar arteries at the elbow • Syn: ↑arteria brachialis • Hypernyms: ↑artery, ↑arteria, ↑arterial blood vessel • Part Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • brachial artery — an artery that extends from the axillary artery, at the armpit, down the side and inner surface of the upper arm to the elbow, where it divides into the radial and ulnar arteries …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • brachial artery superficial — arteria brachialis superficialis …   Medical dictionary

  • deep brachial artery — n the largest branch of the brachial artery in the upper part of the arm called also profunda artery …   Medical dictionary

  • Артерия Плечевая (Brachial Artery) — продолжение подмышечной артерии; начинается у нижнего края большой грудной мышцы, следует вниз в медиальной борозде плеча до локтевой ямки, где делится на локтевую и лучевую артерии. Источник: Медицинский словарь …   Медицинские термины

  • Brachial — Brach i*alor, a. [L. brachialis (bracch ), from bracchium (bracch ) arm: cf. F. brachial.] 1. (Anat.) Pertaining or belonging to the arm; as, the brachial artery; the brachial nerve. [1913 Webster] 2. Of the nature of an arm; resembling an arm.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • brachial vein — n one of a pair of veins accompanying the brachial artery and uniting with each other and with the basilic vein to form the axillary vein …   Medical dictionary

  • Brachial veins — Infobox Vein Name = Brachial veins Latin = venae brachiales GraySubject = 172 GrayPage = 663 Caption = The veins of the right axilla, viewed from in front. DrainsFrom = Source = radial veins, ulnar veins DrainsTo = axillary vein Artery = brachial …   Wikipedia

  • brachial vein — noun two veins in either arm that accompany the brachial artery and empty into the axillary vein • Syn: ↑vena brachialis • Hypernyms: ↑vein, ↑vena, ↑venous blood vessel * * * noun : one of a pair of veins accompanying the course of the brachial… …   Useful english dictionary