Pope Benedict XII


Pope Benedict XII

Infobox Pope
English name=Benedict XII


birth_name=Jacques Fournier
term_start=December 20, 1334
term_end=April 25, 1342
predecessor=John XXII
successor=Clement VI
birth_date="ca." 1280s
birthplace= Saverdun, France
dead=dead|death_date=death date|1342|4|25|mf=y
deathplace=Avignon, France
other=Benedict

Pope Benedict XII (died April 25, 1342), born Jacques Fournier, was Pope from 1334 to 1342.

Little is known of the origins of Jacques Fournier. He is believed to have been born in Saverdun in the Comté de Foix around the 1280s to a family of modest means. He became a Cistercian monk and left to study at the University of Paris. In 1311 he was made Abbot of Fontfroide Abbey and quickly became known for his intelligence and organizational ability. In 1317 he was made bishop of Pamiers. There he undertook a rigorous hunt for Cathar heretics, which won him praise from religious authorities, but alienated the local people.

His efforts against the Cathars of Montaillou in the Ariège, were carefully recorded in the Fournier Register which he took to Rome and deposited in the Vatican Library. This has been documented by Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie's pioneering microhistory, "Montaillou, village occitan." In 1326, upon the successful rooting out of the last - it was believed - heretics of the south, he was made Bishop of Mirepoix in the Ariège. A year later, in 1327, he was made a cardinal.

Fournier's Accession to the Papacy

Fournier succeeded Pope John XXII (1316–34) as Pope in 1334, being elected on the first conclave ballot. But he did not carry out the policy of his predecessor. He practically made peace with the Emperor Louis IV, and as far as possible came to terms with the Franciscans, who were then at odds with the Roman See.

Benedict XII was a reforming pope who tried to curb the luxuries of the monastic orders, though without much success. He also ordered the construction of the Palais des Papes in Avignon. He spent most of his time working on questions of theology. He rejected many of the ideas developed by John XXII. In this regard, he promulgated a papal bull, "Benedictus Deus". This dogma defined the Church's belief that the souls of the departed go to their eternal reward immediately after death, as opposed to remaining in a state of unconscious existence until the Last Judgment. Though some claim that he campaigned against the Immaculate Conception, this is far from clear. He engaged in long theological debates with other noted figures of the age such as William of Ockham and Meister Eckhart

Papal numbering

A note on the numbering: Pope Benedict X is now considered an antipope. At the time, however, this status was not recognized and so the man the Roman Catholic church officially considers the tenth true Pope Benedict took the official number XI, rather than X. This has advanced the numbering of all subsequent Popes Benedict by one. Popes Benedict XI-XVI are, from an official point of view, the tenth through fifteenth popes by that name.

Persondata
NAME= Benedict XII, Pope
ALTERNATIVE NAMES= Fournier, Jacques
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Pope
DATE OF BIRTH=circa 1280
PLACE OF BIRTH= Saverdun, France
DATE OF DEATH=April 25, 1342
PLACE OF DEATH=Avignon, France


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pope Gregory XII —     Pope Gregory XII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Gregory XII     (ANGELO CORRARIO, now CORRER).     Legal pope during the Western Schism; born at Venice, of a noble family, about 1327; died at Recanati, 18 October, 1417.    …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Clement XII —     Pope Clement XII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Clement XII     (LORENZO CORSINI).     Born at Florence, 7 April, 1652; elected 12 July, 1730; died at Rome 6 February, 1740. The pontificate of the saintly Orsini pope, Benedict XIII, from… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Pius XII — Pius XII Papacy began 2 March 1939 Papacy ended 9 October 1958 ( 1000000000000001900000019 years, 10000000000000221000000221 days) Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Clement XII — Clement XII Papacy began 12 July 1730 Papacy ended 6 February 1740 ( 100000000000000090000009 years, 100000000000002 …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Gregory XII — Infobox Pope English name=Gregory XII birth name=Angelo Correr or Corraro term start=November 30, 1406 term end=July 4, 1415 predecessor=Innocent VII successor=Martin V birth date=c. 1326 or between 1335 and 1345 birthplace= Venice, Italy… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope John XII — Infobox Pope English name=John XII birth name=Ottaviano term start=December 16, 955 term end=May 14, 964 predecessor=Agapetus II successor=Leo VIII birth date=c. 937 birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death date|964|5|14|mf=y… …   Wikipedia

  • Benedict XII —     Pope Benedict XII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict XII     (JACQUES FOURNIER)     Third of the Avignon popes, b. at Saverdun in the province of Toulouse, France, elected 20 December, 1334; d. at Avignon 24 April, 1342. Nothing is… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Benedict — Benedict is the regnal name of the current Roman pontiff, Pope Benedict XVI (2005 ndash;present) and has been the name of fourteen other popes (and three antipopes): *Pope Benedict I (575 ndash;579) *Pope Benedict II (684 ndash;685) *Pope… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Benedict XI — Benedict XI Papacy began 22 October 1303 Papacy ended 7 July 1304 Predecessor Boniface VIII …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Benedict XIV —     Pope Benedict XIV     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict XIV     (PROSPERO LORENZO LAMBERTINI.)     Son of Marcello Lambertini and Lucretia Bulgarini, b. at Bologna 31 March, 1675; d. 3 May, 1758. His early education was received from… …   Catholic encyclopedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.