Canton of Uri


Canton of Uri
Kanton Uri
—  Canton of Switzerland  —

Coat of arms
Map of Switzerland, location of Uri highlighted
Coordinates: 46°47′N 8°37′E / 46.783°N 8.617°E / 46.783; 8.617Coordinates: 46°47′N 8°37′E / 46.783°N 8.617°E / 46.783; 8.617
Capital Altdorf
Subdivisions 20 municipalities
Government
 – Executive Regierungsrat (7)
 – Legislative Landrat (64)
Area[1]
 – Total 1,076.57 km2 (415.7 sq mi)
Population (12/2009)[2]
 – Total 35,335
 – Density 32.8/km2 (85/sq mi)
Highest point 3,630 m (11,909 ft) - Dammastock
Lowest point 434 m (1,424 ft) - Lake Lucerne
Joined 1291
Abbreviation UR
Languages German
Website UR.ch

Uri (German: About this sound Uri ) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland and a founding member of the Swiss Confederation. It is located in Central Switzerland. The canton's territory covers the valley of the Reuss River between Lake Lucerne and the St. Gotthard Pass. German is the primary language spoken in Uri. Uri was the only canton where the children in school had to learn Italian as their first foreign language. But in the school year of 2005/2006 this was changed to English as in most other cantons. The population is about 35,000 of which 3,046 (or 8.7%) are foreigners.[3] The legendary William Tell is said to have hailed from Uri. The historical landmark Rütli lies within the canton of Uri.

Contents

History

Uri was first mentioned in 732 as belonging to the abbot of Reichenau. In 853 it was given to the nunnery at Zürich by Louis the German.

It is thought that the name Uri derives from the old German word Aurochs meaning wild ox.[4] The region's traditional coat of arms bears a bull's head.[5]

In 1243 the region had a common seal. By 1274 the powerful Rudolf of Habsburg recognized these privileges. Uri was one of the three original Swiss cantons, having signed the Letter of Alliance (Bundesbrief) in 1291. In 1386 Uri participated in the victory over the Austrians at Sempach. As a result Uri annexed the lands of Urseren in 1410.

The region resisted the Protestant Reformation and remained Roman Catholic. During the Helvetic Republic Uri was part of the canton of Waldstätten. After this, in 1803 as part of the Act of Mediation, Uri regained its independence. All attempts towards religious or constitutional reform were resisted. In 1815 Uri joined the League of Sarnen for this reason. Later on Uri was one of the members of the Sonderbund. The Sonderbund was a separatist Catholic league, but was defeated by the Swiss Confederation which led to the Swiss Federal Constitution.

Geography

Reuss valley

The canton is located in the centre of the country on the north side of the Swiss Alps. The lands of the canton are that of the Reuss valley and those of the main river's tributaries. The total area of the canton is 1,077 km2 (416 sq mi). About half of this is considered productive land. Forests cover a significant part of the territory, and glaciers make up 20% of the unproductive land.

The highest elevation in the canton, and in the Urner Alps as a whole, is the Dammastock, at 3,630 m (11,910 ft), north of the Furka Pass. The Glarus and Lepontine Alps ranges are also partially situated in the canton of Uri.

Government

The current constitution dates back to 1888. It was revised in 1929 when the open assembly (Landsgemeinde) was abolished. Uri today comprises 20 self-administered territories: the cantonal capital is Altdorf.

Municipalities

The municipalities of the canton of Uri are: Altdorf, Andermatt, Attinghausen, Bauen, Bürglen, Erstfeld, Flüelen, Göschenen, Gurtnellen, Hospental, Isenthal, Realp, Schattdorf, Seedorf, Seelisberg, Silenen, Sisikon, Spiringen, Unterschächen, Wassen

Demographics

The population is primarily German-speaking and Roman Catholic. As of 2000 86% of the population is Roman Catholic while only 6% are Protestant.[6]

Economy

The cultivated fields of the canton are located in the valley of the Reuss River. There are pastures on the lower mountain slopes. Since most of the terrain is extremely hilly, it is not suitable for cultivation. Hydroelectric power generation is of great importance. Forestry is one of the most important sectors of agriculture. At Altdorf there are cable and rubber factories.

Tourism is an important source of income in the canton of Uri. An excellent network of roads facilitates tourism in remote areas in the mountains.

External links

Media related to Uri at Wikimedia Commons

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Histoire du canton d'Uri — L histoire du canton d Uri débute au VIIIe siècle et se confond ensuite avec celle de la Suisse, dont il est l un des trois cantons fondateurs[1]. Sommaire 1 Histoire du canton 2 Annexes …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Uri (canton) — Canton d Uri « Uri » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Uri (homonymie). Canton d Uri Kanton Uri …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Uri — Canton d Uri « Uri » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Uri (homonymie). Canton d Uri Kanton Uri …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Canton de Waldstätten — Kanton Waldstätten de 1798 – 1803 Carte de la République helvétique ; le canton de Waldstätten est visible en orange au centre de la carte …   Wikipédia en Français