Amapá


Amapá

Infobox Brazilian State
name = State of Amapá





motto =
anthem =



capital = Macapá
latd= |latm= |latNS= |longd= |longm= |longEW=
largest_city = Macapá
demonym = Amapaense
leader_name1 = Waldez Góis
leader_name2 = Pedro Paulo Dias de Carvalho
area = 142.814,585
area_magnitude = 1 E11
area_rank = 18th
population_estimate = 615,715
population_estimate_rank = 16th
population_estimate_year = 2006
population_census = 596,169
population_census_year = 2005
population_density = 4.3
population_density_rank = 24th
GDP = R$ 4,367,000,000
GDP_rank = 26th
GDP_year = 2005
GDP_per_capita = R$ 7,344
GDP_per_capita_rank = 15th
HDI = 0.780
HDI_rank = 11th
HDI_year = 2005
abbreviation = BR-AP
time_zone = BRT
utc_offset = -3
time_zone_DST = BRST
utc_offset_DST = -2

Amapá (pronounced|amaˈpa [In Brazilian Portuguese. The European Portuguese pronunciation is IPA| [ɐmɐˈpa] .] ) is one of the states of Brazil, located in the extreme north, bordering French Guiana and Suriname to the north. To the east is the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south and west is the Brazilian state of Pará. Perhaps one of the main features of the State is the River Oiapoque, as it was once considered the northernmost point of Brazil. The river's estuary is at the extreme north of the Brazilian coast and it is often used to describe the remote points of Brazil. The dominate landscape of the region - 90 percent of the total area - is the huge Amazon Rainforest. Unexplored forests dominate 70 percent of its territory. Another attraction is the Equator, which divides not only the state but also the Northern and Southern hemispheres. The only method by which to reach Macapá is through boat or airplane.

History

As the "Capitania" of Costa do Cabo Norte, the region was invaded by the English and Dutch, who were repelled by the Portuguese. The Treaty of Utrecht, in 1713 established the boundaries between Brazil and French Guiana, but these were not respected by the French. In the 18th century, France retook control of the area. This dispute would continue until 1900.

With the discovery of gold and the increasing value of rubber on the international market during the 19th century contributing to increases in population in Amapá, the territorial dispute with France was brought to a head; finally on December 1st, 1900, the Arbitration Commission of Geneva ceded possession of the territory to Brazil, which incorporated it into the state of Pará with the joint name of Araguari (named for the river of the same name). It became the federal territory of Amapá in 1943.

The discovery of rich manganese deposits in Serra do Navio in 1945 revolutionized the local economy, but Amapá did not achieve statehood until October 5th, 1988 with the promulgation of the new Brazilian Constitution.

Geography

The State of Amapá has also the lowest deforestation rate of its original vegetation: only 2%. Most of its territory is occupied by forests, with the remaining area corresponding to savannah and plain areas. At the seaside, almost intact beaches get mixed with swamps, composing the largest Brazilian representation of this biome, where this mix of salt and fresh water is perfect for the reproduction of the food chain for several animal species.

Climate

An equatorial climate is a type of tropical climate in which there is no dry season – all months have mean precipitation values of at least 60mm. It is usually found at latitudes within five degrees of the equator – which are dominated by the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The equatorial climate is denoted "Af" in the Köppen climate classification. Tropical rainforest is the natural vegetation in equatorial regions.

Vegetation

The Amazon represents over half of the planet's remaining rainforests and comprises the largest and most species-rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world. Wet tropical forests are the most species-rich biome, and tropical forests in the Americas are consistently more species rich than the wet forests in Africa and Asia.Turner, I.M. 2001. "The ecology of trees in the tropical rain forest". Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 0-521-80183-4] As the largest tract of tropical rainforest in the Americas, the Amazonian rainforests have unparalleled biodiversity. More than 1/3 of all species in the world live in the Amazon Rainforest. [ [http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildplaces/amazon/index.cfm Amazon Rainforest, Amazon Plants, Amazon River Animals] ]

Demographics

According to the IBGE of 2007, there were 619,000 people residing in the state with a population density of 4.3/km².

Urbanization: 93.7% (2006); Population growth: 5.7% (1991-2000); Houses: 144,000 (2006). [Source: PNAD.]

The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 429,000 Pardo (Brown) people (69.4%), 148,000 White people (24.0%), 40,000 Black people (6.5%), 6,000 Asian or Amerindian people (0.1%). [cite book|url=ftp://ftp.ibge.gov.br/Indicadores_Sociais/Sintese_de_Indicadores_Sociais_2007/Tabelas|title=Síntese de Indicadores Sociais 2007|publisher=IBGE|location=Amapá, Brazil|format=PDF|isbn=85-240-3919-1|accessdate=2007-07-18|year=2007|language=Portuguese]

Economy

The service sector is the largest component of GDP at 87.6%, followed by the industrial sector at 7.8%. Agriculture represents 4.6% of GDP (2004). Amapá exports: wood 75.5%, ores 18.7%, heart of palm 5.5% (2002).

Share of the Brazilian economy: 0.2% (2005).

Education

Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum.

Educational institutions

* Universidade Federal do Amapá (Unifap) (Federal University of Amapá);
* Centro de Ensino Superior do Amapá (Ceap);
* Instituto de Ensino Superior do Amapá (Iesap);
* Instituto Macapaense de Ensino Superior (Immes);
* and many others.

Infrastructure

International Airport

The state of Amapá will soon gain a new airport. Infraero will start work on the new Macapá International Airport, which will have 17 thousand square meters of space to serve 700 thousand passengers a year. The current airport, with an area of 2.9 thousand square meters, operates annually with 324 thousand passengers. The work, scheduled for conclusion in 30 months, will enlarge the parking lot to 258 spots against the current 80 and expand the total area from 2.4 thousand to 11 thousand square meters. The apron area will be increased from its current 21 thousand to 30 thousand square meters, with capacity for four large airplanes and 30 small aircraft.

Flag

The flag was adopted by decree No. 008 of April 23, 1984. The blue color on the top symbolizes the sky over Amapá and justice, the green in the middle the native rainforest, and the yellow on the bottom the Union and its natural resources. The black in the small strips stands for the deceased who worked for the state, and the white for the will of the state to live in peace and stability. The symbol at the left symbolizes the Fortress of São José, out of which the state capital grew.

Before 1984 the state had a red-white-red flag very similar to the flag of Peru.

References

See also

*en icon Brazil
*pt icon [http://www.amapa.gov.br Official Website]
*en icon [http://www.braziltour.com/site/gb/home/index.php Brazilian Tourism Portal]
*pt icon [http://www.professores.uff.br/hjbortol/arquivo/2006.1/applets/amapa_en.html Amapa's location on a 3D globe (Java)]
*en icon Calçoene - Amapá town, site of pre-colonial observatory


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  • Amapa — Amapá Flagge Karte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Amapa — can refer to:*Amapá is one of the states of Brazil. *Amapá (city), a municipality in that Brazilian state. *Amapa, Nayarit, a town in the Mexican state of Nayarit. *Amapa (tree), a large tree ( Parahancornia amapa ) from the Amazon Rainforest. It …   Wikipedia

  • Amapá — es un estado de Brasil, localizado en el extremo norte, fronterizo con la Guayana Francesa al norte. En el este Océano Atlántico, y en el sur y oeste el estado brasileño de Pará. Ocupa un área de 143.453,7 km². La capital es Macapá. Las ciudades… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Amapá — Amapạ́,   Bundesstaat Brasiliens, 143 454 km2, (1996) 279 500 Einwohner; Hauptstadt ist Macapá; eines der reichsten Manganerzlager in der Serra do Navio, Erzbahn zum Hafen Pôrto de Santana. 1943 als Territorium aus dem Bundesstaat Pará errichtet …   Universal-Lexikon

  • amapá — s. m. Nome de uma árvore que cresce nas margens do Amazonas …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Amapá — [ä΄mə pä′] state of N Brazil, on the Atlantic: 54,965 sq mi (142,359 sq km); pop. 289,000; cap. Macapá …   English World dictionary

  • Amapá — 1° 23′ 00″ N 51° 49′ 00″ W / 1.38333, 51.8167 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Amapá — Para otros usos de este término, véase Macoubea guianensis. Estado de Amapá Estado de Brasil …   Wikipedia Español


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