Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge


Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN Category IV (Habitat/Species Management Area)
Nisqually NWR 28077.JPG
Map showing the location of Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
Location in Washington state
Location Thurston / Pierce counties, Washington, USA
Nearest city Lacey, WA
Coordinates 47°04′22″N 122°42′46″W / 47.07278°N 122.71278°W / 47.07278; -122.71278Coordinates: 47°04′22″N 122°42′46″W / 47.07278°N 122.71278°W / 47.07278; -122.71278
Area 3914 acres (15.84 km2)
Established 1974
Visitors 137,000 (in 2004)
Governing body United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Ring-necked Duck near the visitors center
American Bittern, Nisqually NWR

The Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge is a wildlife preserve operated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service on the Nisqually River Delta near Puget Sound in northeastern Thurston County, Washington and northwestern Pierce County, Washington. The refuge is located just off Interstate 5, between the cities of Tacoma and Olympia.

The 12.6 km2 refuge was created in 1974 to provide habitat and nesting areas for waterfowl and other migratory birds. It includes a protected estuary, salt marshes and open mudflats, freshwater marshes, open grassland, and riparian woodland and brush. An additional 3.2 km2 (15.4 km2 planned) is protected by the disjoint Black River Unit on a tributary of the Chehalis River.

Contents

Wildlife

The wildlife refuge is home to the Nisqually River Delta, which has the unique status as Washington’s largest, relatively undisturbed estuary. The confluence of the freshwater Nisqually River and the saltwater south Puget Sound has created a variety of unique environments, each rich in nutrients and natural resources for the local wildlife. A five-mile dike separates the freshwater from the saltwater, providing habitats for more than 300 different species of fish and wildlife.[1]

Sea life features 24 species of fish located in one of three habitats: riverine, estuarine or the Nisqually Reach nearshore. Large populations of Fall Chinook Salmon, Starry flounder and Shiner Perch offer a sampling of the fish that are abundantly available. Water mammals range in size from small porpoises to whales.[2]

The saltmarshes and mudflats are located outside of the dikes. Rich in nutrients, they are the home to clams, crabs, shrimp and worms, which in turn feed ducks, gulls and herons.

Over 20,000 birds, made up of 275 different migrating species, use the freshwater marshes and grasslands for breeding, resting or wintering. The most abundant bird types include raptors, shorebirds and songbirds. Larger animals such as hawks and coyotes feast in the grassland due to the presence of mice and voles.

The riparian woodland and brush habitats contain many amphibians, mammals and reptiles.

See also

References

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge — Sp Niskvãlių nacionãlinis gamtõs rezervãtas Ap Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge L JAV (Vašingtono v ja) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Columbia National Wildlife Refuge — IUCN Category IV (Habitat/Species Management Area) …   Wikipedia

  • Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge — Aerial view of Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge …   Wikipedia

  • Copalis National Wildlife Refuge — IUCN Category IV (Habitat/Species Management Area) …   Wikipedia

  • McNary National Wildlife Refuge — Few areas in North America support waterfowl populations in the extraordinary numbers found within McNary National Wildlife Refuge. Visitors enjoy spectacular concentrations of Canada geese, mallards, and other waterfowl. More than half the… …   Wikipedia

  • Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge — IUCN Category IV (Habitat/Species Management Area) Sandhill Cranes on the refuge …   Wikipedia

  • List of National Wildlife Refuges — As of 30 July 2007, there were 548 National Wildlife Refuges in each of the United States. Refuges that have boundaries in multiple states are listed only in the state where the main visitor entrance is located. The newest one made is the Rocky… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des National Wildlife Refuges des États-Unis — Au 30 juillet 2007, les États Unis d Amérique comptait 548 National Wildlife Refuges, ces refuges étant répartis dans tout le pays. Un des derniers créés se trouve dans les Rocky Flats au Colorado[1] Administration L administration… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des national wildlife refuges des États-Unis — Au 30 juillet 2007, les États Unis d Amérique comptait 548 National Wildlife Refuges, ces refuges étant répartis dans tout le pays. Un des derniers créés se trouve dans les Rocky Flats au Colorado[1] Administration L administration… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of National Wildlife Refuges of the United States — As of 30 July 2007, there were 548 National Wildlife Refuges in the United States. Refuges that have boundaries in multiple states are listed only in the state where the main visitor entrance is located. The newest one established is the Rocky… …   Wikipedia