Northern Dobruja


Northern Dobruja
Map of Romania and Bulgaria with Northern Dobrudja highlighted in orange.

Northern Dobruja (Romanian: Dobrogea; Bulgarian: Северна Добруджа, Severna Dobrudzha) is the part of Dobruja within the borders of Romania. It lies between the lower Danube river and the Black Sea, bordered in south by Bulgarian Southern Dobruja.

Contents

Geography

The territory of Northern Dobruja now forms the counties of Constanţa and Tulcea, with a total area of 15,500 km² and a current population of slightly over a million.

Cities

Rivers

Lakes

  • Crapina Lake
  • Jijiei Lake
  • Traian Lake
  • Babadag Lake
  • Razim Lake
  • Zmeica Lake
  • Sinoe Lake
  • Taşaul Lake
  • Techirghiol Lake

Danube Delta

Main article Danube Delta

The Danube Delta consists of numerous lakes. The most important ones are:

  • Roşu
  • Isac
  • Gorgova
  • Furtuna
  • Ledeanca
  • Tatanir
  • Merhel
  • Matiţa
  • Uzlina
  • Dranov
  • Lumina
  • Puiu
  • Puiuleţ

History

The territory was under Ottoman rule until 1878, when it was awarded to Romania for its role in the 1877-78 Russo-Turkish War, and as compensation for the transfer of a region partly overlapping the Southern Bessarabia.[1] Under the treaties of San Stefano and Berlin, Romania received Northern Dobruja while the newly restored principality of Bulgaria received the smaller Southern part of the region. After the Second Balkan War in 1913, Romania also occupied the Bulgarian Southern Dobruja, which it ruled until the signing of the 1940 Treaty of Craiova.

Heraldry

Northern Dobruja is represented by two dolphins in the Coat of arms of Romania.

References


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