- Charles Hill, Baron Hill of Luton
Charles Hill, Baron Hill of Luton Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster In office
13 January 1957 – 9 October 1961
Prime Minister Harold Macmillan Preceded by The Earl of Selkirk Succeeded by Iain Macleod
Charles Hill was born in Islington, London and was educated at St Olave's Grammar School in Southwark, London. He won a scholarship to Trinity College, Cambridge where he gained a first class degree. He continued his medical studies at the London Hospital gaining MRCS and MRCP in 1927 and later he gained MB, BCh and MD. He became Deputy Medical Officer of Oxford in 1930. He became Assistant Secretary of the British Medical Association from 1932 and Secretary from 1944 to 1950.
During the Second World War, the Ministry of Health had wanted the BBC to infiltrate health messages into ordinary programmes rather than have dedicated programmes from the Ministry of Food, but the BBC warned that this would not be effective and would be viewed by listeners as patronising. Consequently, Hill's role as the "Radio Doctor" became part of the Ministry of Food's programme, "Kitchen Front", every morning from 1942.
Hill was still the BMA's Secretary when the National Health Service was introduced in 1948. He negotiated with Aneurin Bevan and ensured that general practitioners did not simply become salaried employees. He stood for Parliament for Cambridge University in 1945 as an independent. He was successful in 1950, becoming MP for Luton as a Conservative and National Liberal.
He was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Food in 1951. He became the Postmaster-General (a non-cabinet ministerial position with responsibilities that included broadcasting) in 1955; during his period in office he publicly berated the BBC for its reporting of the Suez Crisis. In May 1956, Hill attempted to formalise the existing agreement by which discussions or statements about matters before Parliament could not be broadcast in the fortnight preceding any debate (the 'fourteen day rule'). However, the Suez Crisis rendered this policy unworkable in practice and the government agreed to its suspension at the end of the year. Hill, who had been uneasy about the implications of the rule for freedom of expression, was relieved.
From 1957 to 1961 he was Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and from 1961 he was to Minister of Housing and Local Government and Welsh Affairs, but he lost his place in the Cabinet in Harold Macmillan's reshuffle in 1962.
He was appointed as the Chairman of the Independent Television Authority in 1963, where he continued his hostile attitude towards the BBC. He was then created a life peer as Baron Hill of Luton, of Harpenden in the County of Hertford. In 1967 Hill announced that the ITV contracts were all to be re-advertised, because he was concerned about the large profits being made by the major companies and their lack of regional identity. This resulted in a radical reorganisation of the ITV network.
He succeeded Lord Normanbrook as the Chairman of the BBC Governors (1967–1972), having been appointed by the Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, to "sort out" the Corporation. His appointment as BBC Chairman surprised the BBC's Governors and several resigned. Sir Robert Lusty, the acting Chairman, commented that "it was like inviting Rommel to command the Eighth Army on the eve of Alamein".
Harold Wilson encouraged Lord Hill to be active in editorial decisions. Hill had a difficult relationship with the Director-General of the BBC, Hugh Greene, and he eventually forced Greene to resign in 1969. Greene later described Hill as a "vulgarian". He had a quieter relationship with Greene's successor, Charles Curran. He retired from the BBC in 1972 and died in 1989, aged 85.
He married Marion Spencer Wallace, with whom he had two sons and three daughters.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Charles Hill
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded by
William Noble Warbey
Member of Parliament for Luton
Political offices Preceded by
The Earl De La Warr
The Earl of Selkirk
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Sir Ivone Kirkpatrick
Chairman of the Independent Television Authority
The Lord Aylestone
The Lord Normanbrook
Chairman of the BBC Board of Governors
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Charles Hill — may refer to: Charles Hill, Baron Hill of Luton (1904–1989), English administrator, doctor and television executive Charles Hill (American football) (born 1980), American football player Charles Hill (diplomat) (born 1936), American diplomat and… … Wikipedia
Baron Hill (disambiguation) — Baron Hill may refer to:*Baron Hill, member of the United States House of Representatives *Baron Hill (house), historic house near Beaumaris, Anglesey *Several baronies in the British peerage system: **Baron Hill, a subsidiary title of Viscount… … Wikipedia
William Howie, Baron Howie of Troon — (born 2 March 1924), known as Will Howie, is a retired British Labour Party politician and former Member of Parliament (MP).Howie was elected to the House of Commons at a 1963 by election in the Luton constituency, following the appointment of… … Wikipedia
List of Conservative Party (UK) MPs — This is a list of Conservative Party MPs. It includes all Members of Parliament elected to the British House of Commons representing the Conservative Party from 1834 onwards. Members of the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh Assembly or the European… … Wikipedia
Members of the House of Lords — This is a list of members of the House of Lords, the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Contents 1 Lords Spiritual 2 Lords Temporal 2.1 Peers on leave of absence … Wikipedia
BBC Board of Governors — Das BBC Board of Governors war ein Gremium der britischen Rundfunkanstalt BBC und existierte von 1927 bis 31. Dezember 2006. Es überwachte die Anstalt und repräsentierte die Interessen der Allgemeinheit, im Speziellen die der Hörer und Zuschauer … Deutsch Wikipedia
List of Old Olavians — This is a List of notable Old Olavians, they being former pupils of St Olave s and St Saviour s Grammar School and its predecessors, St Olave s and St Saviour s.Clergy*John Harvard, (1607 ndash;1638) founder of Harvard University *William… … Wikipedia
Deaths in July 2007 — Contents 1 July 2007 1.1 31 1.2 30 1.3 29 … Wikipedia
Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry — Established 1123 (St Bartholomew s Hospital) 1785 (London Hospital Medical College) 1843 (Medical College of St Bartholomew s Hospital) 1989 (Medical College of St Bartholomew s Hospital and the London Hospital Medical College merge) 1995… … Wikipedia
St Olave's Grammar School — Infobox UK school name = St Olave s and St Saviour s Grammar School size = 100px latitude = 51.3675 longitude = 0.104 dms = motto = Olaf to Right the Wrong motto pl = established = 1571 approx = closed = c approx = type = Voluntary aided grammar… … Wikipedia