National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark

National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark
National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark
Danmarks Nationalsocialistiske Arbejderparti
Leader Cay Lembcke
Frits Clausen
Founded November 16, 1930 (1930-11-16)
Dissolved May 8, 1945 (1945-05-08) (banned)
Succeeded by National Socialist Movement of Denmark
Ideology National Socialism
Political position Far right
Official colors Red, White
Politics of Denmark
Political parties
1943 DNSAP election poster

Danmarks Nationalsocialistiske Arbejderparti (National Socialist Workers’ Party of Denmark), or DNSAP, was the largest Nazi party in Denmark before and during the Second World War.

The party was founded on 16 November 1930, after the success of the Nazis in the German Reichstag elections of that year. The party mimicked the National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark (Nazi Party) in Germany, including the use of the swastika and Hitler salute, the naming of their fighting force as SA, and even the singing of a translated version of the Horst Wessel Song. The party was clearly antisemitic.

The party was initially led by Cay Lembcke, although they attracted no more than a few hundred members under his leadership and failed to gain even minor support in the elections of 1932.

Lembcke was replaced in 1933 by Frits Clausen, who concentrated the activities in his home territory of North Schleswig, where the bulk of support for the DNSAP was to come from. At the 1939 elections, the party won three seats in the Folketing (parliament), corresponding to 1.8% of the popular vote.

The recruitment for Waffen SS and Frikorps Danmark (Free Corps Denmark) was organized by DNSAP.

DNSAP supported Hitler's invasion and subsequent occupation of Denmark on April 9, 1940. A transition to Nazi government in Denmark was considered by the German administrator, Cecil von Renthe-Fink, in the end of 1940, but due to the policy of co-operation with the legitimate Danish government, it was deemed better to wait until Germany had won the war, although DNSAP did receive some financial and political support from Germany.

The DNSAP was not included in the wartime coalition government (1940-1943) and at the 1943 elections it barely improved on its pre-war performance, winning only 2.1% of the votes cast and three seats in the Folketing.

After the end of the Second World War, the party was officially dissolved in May 1945, and lost almost all of its popular support. However, a few individuals continued their work under the old party name. The current National Socialist Movement of Denmark traces its origins back to the DNSAP.

See also


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