- John Shaw Sr.
John Shaw, Senior, (1776 - 1832) was an architect related to the Shaw and Hardwick family and one of the first
architects to draw up plans for semi-detached housingin London. He was born in Bexley, Greater Londonto a surgeon, also named John Shaw and his mother Elizabeth Latham who was from a wealthy landowning family. He moved to Southwarkand trained under the architect George Gwiltthe elder (1746-1807). It is thought that Shaw and Gwilt were related as Gwilt had married a one Sarah Shaw and it is quite possible that the two architects were cousins. In 1799 Shaw married a cousin, Elizabeth Hester Whitfield who was from a missonary family, at St Georges Hanover Square in London.
From 1799 until 1831 Shaw was a regular exhibitor at the
Royal Academy. He was a member of the Architects' Club and a Fellow of the Royal Society, the Linnean Society of Londonand the Society of Antiquaries of London.
Shaw became the principal architect to the old
Christ's Hospitalin Newgate Streetand also to RamsgateHarbour in Kentwhere he designed the clock house, the obelisk and the Jacob's Ladder stairway for King George IVfor his travels to Hanover.
He was later employed by
Colonel Thomas Wildmanat Newstead Abbeyin Nottinghamafter the estate was sold by Lord Byron. Shaw redesigned parts of Newstead and turned it into a suitable mansionfor Wildman to live in.
Shaw's last work is considered his
masterpiece, which is the church of St Dunstan-in-the-Weston Fleet Streetin the City of London. He based the church on St Helen's in Yorkand designed an unusual octagonal tower with the church being in the gothic design. It is the youngest church in the City and was one of the last major buildings to be built in the Regency era. Shaw died in 1832 before the church was finished and left the remaining work to his son John Shaw Jr(1803-1870) whom he had trained at his office in Christ's Hospital.
The Shaws were pioneers in the development of semi-detached houses, breaking away from the common design of terraced housing.
Another son was Thomas Budd Shaw who became tutor of
English literatureto the grand dukes of Russiain St. Petersburg. His daughter, Julia Shaw, married the eminent London architect Philip Hardwick, whom Shaw had helped elect into the Royal Society in 1831. The Shaws and Hardwicks often lived close by each other in Wesminsterand Holborn.
Shaw Senior is buried at
St. Mary's Church, Bexley. His portrait was painted by the artist Abraham Daniel (1760-1806) and is part of the National Portrait Gallery collection as well as having a portrait hung at the church of St Dunstan In The West.
* [http://www.shaw-hardwick.co.uk Works of John Shaw]
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John Shaw — may refer to any of the following people: * Captain John Shaw (navy) (1773 ndash;1823), Captain in the United States Navy * John Shaw Sr. (1776 ndash;1832), English architect * John Shaw Jr (1803 ndash;1870), English architect * Sir John Shaw,… … Wikipedia
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