- Peter Hain
The Right Honourable
name = Peter Hain
honorific-suffix = MP
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
28 June 2007
24 January 2008
predecessor = John Hutton
Secretary of State for Wales
24 October, 2002
24 January 2008
predecessor2 = Paul Murphy
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
6 May 2005
27 June 2007
Leader of the House of Commons
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal
11 June 2003
6 May 2005
predecessor4 = John Reid
constituency_MP5 = Neath
majority5 = 18,835 (52.6%) [cite web |url=http://politics.guardian.co.uk/person/0,9290,-2131,00.html |title=Ask Aristotle: Peter Hain, Member of Parliament for Neath |author= |work=
The Guardian|date= |accessdate=2007-11-23] [cite web |url=http://www.psr.keele.ac.uk/area/uk/ge05/i14.htm |title=UK general election results, May 2005: Neath |author= |work=Richard Kimber's political science resources |date= |accessdate=2007-11-23]
4 April 1991
successor5 = Incumbent
birth_date = Birth date and age|1950|02|16|df=yes
nationality = British
party = Labour
Queen Mary, University of London, University of Sussex
religion = None (agnostic) [http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/news.html?in_article_id=504229&in_page_id=1770&ito=1490]
Peter Gerald Hain (born
16 February 1950, Nairobi, Kenya) is a British Labour Party politicianwho has served in the Cabinets of Tony Blairand Gordon Brownas Leader of the House of Commonsunder Blair and both the Secretary of State for Work and Pensionsand the Secretary of State for Walesunder Brown. He resigned from ministerial office over his failure to declare donations to his campaign for the Deputy Leadership of the Labour Party in 2008. He is the Member of Parliamentfor the Welsh constituency of Neath. He came to the UK from South Africaas a teenager, and was a noted anti- apartheidcampaigner in the 1970s.
Hain was born to
South African parents who were anti-apartheid activists in the South African Liberal Party, for which they were made "banned persons", briefly jailed, and prevented from working.
When Hain was 10, he was awoken in the early hours by police officers searching his bedroom for 'incriminating documents'. As a result of police harassment, Hain's father was unable to continue his work as an architect, and the family decided to leave for the
United Kingdomin April 1966. [cite web
url = http://www.peterhain.org/default.asp?pageid=17&groupid=4
title = Peter Hain's biography
publisher = Peter Hain's official website]
Life in London
Hain was educated at
Pretoria Boys High Schooland at Emanuel School, Queen Mary College ( University of London) graduating with a first class Bachelor's degreein Economicsand Political Sciencein 1973 and the University of Sussex, obtaining an M.Phil. [cite web
url = http://www.peterhain.org/default.asp?pageid=17&groupid=4
title = Peter Hain's biography
publisher = Peter Hain's official website] . After university, Hain worked as a researcher for the
Union of Communication Workers, rising to become their head of research.
Peter became chairman of the Stop The Tour campaign which disrupted tours by the South African
rugby unionand cricketteams in 1969 and 1970. A 1972 private prosecution brought by Francis Bennionin regard to his leadership of the illegal direct-action interference with the tours resulted in a ten-day Old BaileyTrial with the jury failing to agree on three charges and hence he was acquitted on those charges, but Peter Hain was found guilty of criminal conspiracyand fined £200. He appealed against the conviction in 1973. The Court of Appeal dismissed his appeal with costs. As reported in the Daily Telegraphof 23 October 1973, the court said his conviction was "fully justified". Lord Justice Roskillsaid Hain had not elected to give evidence, adding that "He gave no explanation of his part over the incidents with which he was charged."
In 1972 he was sent a letter bomb that failed to explode because of faulty wiring. In 1976 Hain was tried for, and acquitted of, a 1974 bank robbery, allegedly having been framed by South African intelligence agents. Two schoolboys positively identified him. A deliberate "double" may have taken part in the robbery. Despite modern DNA techniques and mass fingerprinting now being available no further investigation of this unsolved case is known to have taken place. Six MPs, led by Liberal
David Steel, called for the resignation of the Director of Public Prosecutions, Sir Norman Skelhorn, over the Hain case.
Joining the Liberal and Labour Parties
He joined the Liberal Party and was elected president of the Young Liberals, but in 1977 switched to Labour. The same year, he was a founder of the
Anti-Nazi Leagueand he remains a prominent supporter of Unite Against Fascismtoday.
Member of Parliament
Putneyin the 1983 and 1987 general elections but was defeated on both occasions by Conservative David Mellor.
In 1991 he was elected to the House of Commons at the by-election in Neath that followed the death of the sitting member,
Donald Coleman. In 1995 he became a Labour whip and in 1996 became a shadow employment minister.
After Labour's victory in the 1997 general election he joined the government, first at the
Welsh Office, then as minister for Africa at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
In November 1999, as Africa minister he entertained
Robert Mugabein London who told him “I know you are not one of them, Peter; you are one of us,” [ [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/columnists/guest_contributors/article4187855.ece Hain in "The Times"] ] But the following day, following an attempt by Gay Rightscampaigner Peter Tatchellto carry out a ' citizen's arrest' on Mugabe, Mugabe accused Hain of being Tatchell's "wife" [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/807061.stm Mugabe on the BBC] ] .
In October 2000 he set up a war avoidance team to carry messages back and forth between himself the then Minister of Foreign Affairs in
Iraq, Tariq Aziz(a matter then confidential which has since been put on public record in an interview with Mr Hain by the Today program). Team members who travelled repeatedly to Iraq on behalf of Mr Hain variously included William Morris (Next Century Foundation), Dr Burhan Chalabi (an Iraqi born British businessman), and Nasser al-Khalifa (the then Qatari Ambassador to the UK).Fact|date=March 2008
Hain moved briefly to the
Department of Trade and Industrybefore returning to the Foreign Officeas minister for Europe. He was vocal in advocating joint sovereignty of Gibraltarwith Spainand was accused of deliberately misrepresenting the situation [ [http://www.gibraltar.gov.gi/latest_news/press_releases/2002/64-2002.htm Conduct unbecoming any Minister of the Crown] ] The sell-out [ [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2002/07/26/wgib26.xml Gibraltar to hold poll on British 'sell-out'] ] was overwhelmingly rejected in a referendumin November 2002. He remains one of the most unpopular politicians ever to visit Gibraltar. [ [http://www.chronicle.gi/readarticle.php?id=000012815 Gibraltar Chronicle lead 25 January 2008] ]
In October 2002, he joined the Cabinet as
Secretary of State for Wales, but continued to represent the UK at the Convention on the Future of Europe. In June 2003 he was made Leader of the House of Commonsand Lord Privy Sealin a cabinet reshuffle, but retained the Wales portfolio. In November 2004 Hain caused controversy among his political rivals when he claimed that "If we are tough on crimeand on terrorism, as Labour is, then I think Britain will be safer under Labour".
6 May 2005, following the 2005 general election, Hain was appointed as Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, retaining his Welsh position also. Although previously a supporter of Irish unity, he has since retreated from this position. In August 2006, his office neither confirmed nor denied press reports that he fell asleep during a meeting with Mr Raymond McCord – a meeting arranged to discuss Mr McCord's concerns about the investigation into the murder of his son Raymond Jr by a loyalist paramilitary group. Lady Sylvia Hermon, MP, who was present at the meeting, told the press that Mr Hain nodded off at least twice.
28 June 2007he was appointed as Secretary of State for Work and Pensions in addition to retaining responsibility for Wales.
Deputy leadership bid
On 12 September 2006, he announced his candidacy for the position of Deputy Leader of the Labour Party. In January 2007, Hain gave an interview to the "
New Statesman" in which he made his pitch for the Deputy Leadership and referred to the Bush administration as "the most right-wing American administration, if not ever, then in living memory" and argued that "the neo-con agenda for America has been rejected by the people and I hope that will be the case for the future". [ Martin Brightand John Kampfner, [http://www.newstatesman.co.uk/200701220013 Deputy leader interviews: Peter Hain] , " New Statesman", 22 January 2007, accessed 18 January 2007] Hain was eliminated in the second round of the Deputy Leadership election, coming fifth out of the six candidates, with Harriet Harmanbeing the successful candidate. [ [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/politics/article1979600.ece Harman elected as Deputy Leader] Times Online]
Resignation following donations scandal
"The Guardian" newspaper, on 10 January 2008, noted that Hain was being accused of not reporting £100,000 in contributions. It later emerged that a large part of these funds were channeled through a non-operating think tank, the
Progressive Policies Forum. [ [http://www.channel4.com/news/articles/business_money/is+hains+think+tank+for+real/1315847 Is Hain's 'think tank' for real?] , 11 Jan 2008, Channel 4 news] A separate £82,000 was reported. On 12 January, Peter Hain released a statement saying that, being busy with his government jobs, it was simply forgotten about, and said it was absurd to think any misconduct took place, and that he would pay back £25,000 of the money.
The list of hidden donations included money from Steve Morgan, who was in charge of the deputy leadership bid, and Isaac Kaye, who had previously donated to the National Party in South Africa, who were pro-apartheid.
24 January 2008, he resigned from several posts including his position as Work and Pensions secretary, after the Electoral Commissionreferred the failure to report donations to Metropolitan Police. He cited a desire to "clear his name" as the reason for his resignation. Peter Hain was the first person to resign from Gordon Brown's cabinet. He was replaced as Secretary of State for Wales by Paul Murphy, and as Secretary for Work and Pensions by James Purnellin a forced cabinet reshuffle. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/7206812.stm BBC NEWS | Politics | Hain quits jobs 'to clear name' ] ]
Peter Hain failed to declare £103,156 of donations to his Labour deputy leadership campaign in 2006. He breached electoral law by declaring less than half of the money his campaign raised. [ [http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/ed9c4bf6-c2dd-11dc-b617-0000779fd2ac.html?nclick_check=1 Financial Times] ] It is understood detectives want to interview him under caution because, as candidate, he was ultimately responsible for all donations. [ [http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/police-to-interview-hain-as-a-suspect-within-days-over-gifts-to-deputy-leadership-campaign-812167.html Police to interview Hain] ]
As the police investigation continued, further dubious financial practices surfaced including employing his 80-year-old mother on a Commons salary of £5,400 a year. [cite web |url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?view=DETAILS&grid=&xml=/news/2008/02/03/nfunds203.xml |title=Peter Hain's mother, 80, is on his payroll |accessdate=2008-02-23 |author=Melissa Kite and Peter Bryce |date=2008-02-04 |publisher=The Daily Telegraph website]
On 3 July 2008, the Metropolitan Police announced that they had referred Peter Hain's case to the Crown Prosecution Service. [cite web |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/7486035.stm]
Hain is an outspoken critic of nuclear power. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/5134692.stm Hain sceptical on nuclear power] ] Some claim this fuelled a conspiracy to oust him, which then played a significant part in his resignation. [ [http://www.sandersresearch.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1338#ftnt01 Has Peter Hain been set up . . . again?] ]
* "Don't Play with Apartheid: Background to the Stop the Seventy Tour Campaign" by Peter Hain, 1971, Allen & U ISBN 0-000000-00-0
* "Radical Liberalism and Youth Politics" by Peter Hain, 1973, Liberal Publications Department ISBN 0-900520-36-1
* "Radical Regeneration" by Peter Hain, 1975, Quartet Books ISBN 0-7043-1231-X
* "Community Politics" Edited by Peter Hain, 1976, Calder Publications Ltd ISBN 0-7145-3543-5
* "Mistaken Identity: The Wrong Face of the Law" by Peter Hain, 1976, Quartet Books ISBN 0-7043-3116-0
* "Radicals and Socialism" by Peter Hain and Simon Hebditch, 1978, Institute for Workers' Control ISBN 0-901740-55-1
* "Policing the Police" Edited by Peter Hain, 1979, J Calder ISBN 0-7145-3624-5
* "Debate of the Decade: The Crisis and Future of the Left" edited by Peter Hain, 1980, Pluto Press ISBN 0-86104-313-8
* "Neighbourhood Participation" by Peter Hain, 1980, M. T. Smith ISBN 0-85117-198-2
* "Policing the Police" Edited by Peter Hain, 1980, J Calder ISBN 0-7145-3796-9
* "Reviving the Labour Party" by Peter Hain, 1980, Institute for Workers' Control ISBN 0-901740-69-1
* "The Democratic Alternative: A Socialist Response to Britain's Crisis" by Peter Hain, 1983, Penguin Books Ltd ISBN 0-14-006955-0
* "Political Trials in Britain" by Peter Hain, 1985, Penguin Books Ltd ISBN 0-14-007935-1
* "Political Strikes: The State and Trade Unionism in Britain" by Peter Hain, 1986, Penguin Books Ltd ISBN 0-14-007962-9
* "Proportional Misrepresentation" by Peter Hain, 1986, Gower Publishing Ltd ISBN 0-7045-0526-6
* "A Putney Plot?" by Peter Hain, 1987, Spokesman Books ISBN 0-85124-481-5
* "Ayes to the Left" by Peter Hain, 1995, Lawrence & Wishart Ltd ISBN 0-85315-832-0
* "The Peking Connection" by Peter Hain, 1995, Lawrence & Wishart Ltd ISBN 0-85315-823-1
* "Sing the Beloved Country: Struggle for the New South Africa" by Peter Hain, 1996, Pluto Press ISBN 0-7453-0997-6
* "The End of Foreign Policy?" by
Robin Cookand Peter Hain, 2001, Royal Institute of International Affairs ISBN 1-86203-131-2
* "New Designs for Europe" by Katinkya Barysch, Steven Everts, Heather Grabbe et al, introduction by Peter Hain, 2002, Centre for European Reform ISBN 1-901229-35-1
* "The Future Party" by Peter Hain and
Ian McCartney, 2004, Catalyst Press ISBN 1-904508-10-3
* [http://www.peterhain.org/ Peter Hain MP] official site
* [http://www.dwp.gov.uk/aboutus/ministers/phain.asp DWP - Peter Hain Official Profile]
* [http://politics.guardian.co.uk/person/0,9290,-2131,00.html Guardian Unlimited Politics - Ask Aristotle: Peter Hain MP]
* [http://www.theyworkforyou.com/mp/peter_hain/neath TheyWorkForYou.com - Peter Hain MP]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/9/newsid_2523000/2523609.stm On this Day 9 April 1976] -
BBCreport of Peter Hain's acquittal in 1976.
* [http://www.hain4labour.org/ campaign to be Labour’s next Deputy Leader]
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