Pope Honorius II


Pope Honorius II

Infobox Pope
English name=Honorius II


birth_name=Lamberto Scannabecchi
term_start=December 21, 1124
term_end=February 13, 1130
predecessor=Callixtus II
successor=Innocent II
birth_date="ca." 1036
birthplace= Fagnano, Italy
dead=dead|death_date=death date|1130|2|13|mf=y
deathplace=Rome, Italy
other=Honorius

:"See also, Antipope Honorius II, otherwise known as Peter Cadalus."

Pope Honorius II (died February 13, 1130), born Lamberto Scannabecchi (from 1117 Cardinal Lambert of Ostia), was Pope from December 21, 1124 to February 13, 1130.

Lamberto came from a simple rural background at Fiagnano Castle, near Imola in present day Italy. In the 12th century, such a successful career from humble beginnings is a mark of outstanding abilities. His learning recommended him to Pope Paschal II (1099–1118), who called him to Rome. Elected Cardinal Priest of the "Titulus S. Praxedis" in 1099, Lamberto was one of the cardinals who accompanied Pope Gelasius II in exile in 1118–1119. As a tested opponent of the Emperor's right to select bishops in his territories – the Investiture Controversy – Lamberto was a natural choice for papal legate; he was sent in 1119 to deal with Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (1105–25), and delegated with powers to come to an understanding concerning the right of investiture. The struggle came to a conclusion with the Concordat of Worms (1122), the "Pactum Calixtinum" that was almost as much a "Pactum Lamberti" was effected on September 23, 1123.

During his pontificate the Premonstratensian Order, and also that of the Knights Templar, received papal sanction.

References

* Original text taken from a paper copy of the 9th edition Encyclopædia Britannica; 1881
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07456a.htm "Catholic Encyclopedia":] Honorius II


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