infobox UK place
country = England
Redcar and Cleveland
region= North East England
constituency_westminster= Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland
postcode_district = TS12
static_image_caption= Brotton High Street
Brotton is a village in the parish of
Skelton and Brotton, in the unitary authorityof Redcar and Clevelandand ceremonial countyof North Yorkshire, England. It is approximately 2.5 miles (4 km) southeast of Saltburn-by-the-Sea[http://maps.google.com/maps?q=saltburn-by-the-sea,+UK+to+brotton,+UK&spn=0.033035,0.076484&hl=en] , 15.2 miles (24.5 km) east of Middlesbrough[http://maps.google.com/maps?q=middlesbrough,+UK+to+brotton,+UK&hl=en] and 17 miles (27.4 km0 northwest of Whitby. In 2002, the village had a population of 5,384. [http://www.redcar-cleveland.gov.uk/YrCounc1.nsf/popup/5BCC81166B5B1DAC80256DF7004FC8F3?OpenDocument]
The name of the village (known in medieval times as 'Broctune') literally means, "town on the brow of a hill", and is listed in the
Domesday Book. The hill in question, Warsett Hill, tops the large Huntcliffe which was the site of one of the many Roman signal stations built along the east coast to defend against Anglo-Saxon attack. Brotton was one of a number of manors granted by William the Conquerorto Robert de Brus, Lord of Skelton. Over recent years it has become somewhat isolated because of a bypass which was opened in 1998 between the villages of Skelton-in-Clevelandand Carlin How.
The discovery of ironstone brought huge changes to the village with a tremendous increase in the population, the majority of these former miners homes are found in the 'Brickyard' and 'the Park' areas of the village. Lumpsey Mine, the largest of the Brotton mines, opened in the 1880s and finally closed in 1954. During the
Great WarLumpsey mine had a rail mounted artillery piece to defend the mine against Zeppelinattack.
Brotton has a church called St Margaret's, as well as a large street of shops on the High Street. Locally the village is split into two parts: 'Top End' (the area north of the railway line) and 'Bottom End' (the area to the south). It is very close to the historic seaside town of
Saltburn-by-the-Seawhich is well renowned for its pier, and Guisborough, with its ancient Priory and pleasant market. For its size there are many pubs, including The Crown, The Ship, The Green Tree and The Queen's Arms (known locally as 'The Bloodtub').
Brotton has two primary schools, Badger Hill Primary School and St. Peters Church of England school. There is also a school for special needs children; Kilton Thorpe, and there is a secondary school that has recently been rebuilt, [http://www.freebrough.com Freebrough Specialist Engineering College]
* [http://www.redcar-cleveland.gov.uk/SkeltonBrotton Skelton & Brotton Parish Council]
* [http://www.redcar-cleveland.gov.uk/ Redcar & Cleveland Borough Council]
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