- Archives of Terror
The "Archives of Terror" (Archivos del Terror) were found on
December 22, 1992by a lawyer, Dr. Martín Almada, and a human-rightsactivist and judge, José Agustín Fernández, in a police station in a suburb of Asunción(Lambaré), capital of Paraguay. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/1866517.stm "Paraguay's archive of terror"] . By Mike Ceaser. March 11, 2002. BBC.] Fernández was looking for files on a former prisoner. Instead, he found archives describing the fates of thousands of Latin Americans who had been secretly kidnapped, tortured, and killed by the security services of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. This was known as Operation Condor.
The "terror archives" listed 50,000 people murdered, 30,000 people
disappearedand 400,000 people imprisoned. [ [http://www.derechos.org/nizkor/doc/condor/calloni.html Los Archivos del Horror del Operativo Cóndor] by Stella Calloni, on Nizkor's website es icon ] They also revealed that other countries such as Colombia, Peru, and Venezuelacooperated, to various degrees, by providing intelligence information that had been requested by the security services of the Southern Conecountries. Some of these countries have used portions of the archives, now in Asunción's Palace of Justice, to prosecute former military officers. Much of the case built against General Pinochet by Spanish judge Baltasar Garzónwas made using those archives. Dr. Almada was twice interviewed by Baltasar Garzón.
" [The documents] are a mountain of ignominy, of lies, which Stroessner [Paraguay's dictator until 1989] used for 40 years to blackmail the Paraguayan people," states Dr. Almada. He wants the
UNESCOto list the "terror archives" as an international cultural site, as this would greatly facilitate access to funding to preserve and protect the documents.
In May 2000, a
UNESCOmission visited Asunción following a request from the Paraguayan authorities for help in putting these files on the Memory of the World Register, one element of a program aimed at safeguarding and promoting the documentary heritage of humanity to ensure that records are preserved and available for consultation.
Martín Almada, "Paraguay: The Forgotten Prison, the Exiled Country"
* [http://www.unesco.org/courier/2000_07/uk/edito.htm UNESCO] "Democracy in the light of dictatorship" by
Alain Touraine, article for the UNESCO.
* [http://www.pittstate.edu/isp/archives.html www.pittstate.edu]
* [http://www.amnistiainternacional.org/revista/rev73/articulo12.html Article in Spanish by Martín Almada]
* [http://www.k-state.edu/amnestyintl/Vocestrans.htm "In Search of Truth and Justice: Coordination Board for Assistance to the Commission of Truth and Justice"] . "Voces: Boletin Informativo de la CODEHUPY." 4(1) January-March 2004. Translated by D. Schenck-Hamlin and N. Ossar. Consequences of the discovery of the archives of terror.
* [http://www.counterpunch.org/carlsen10252003.html "The Bloody Legacy of Stroessner, Pinochet and Rios Montt. Latin America's Archives of Terror"] . By Laura Carlsen. October 25, 2003. "
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