3000 Leagues in Search of Mother

3000 Leagues in Search of Mother
3000 Leagues in Search of Mother
1998 Movie poster
(Haha o Tazunete Sanzenri)
Genre Adventure, Drama, Historical
TV anime
Directed by Isao Takahata
Studio Nippon Animation
Network Fuji TV
Original run 4 January 197626 December 1976
Episodes 52 (List of episodes)
Anime film
Directed by Isao Takahata, Hajime Okayasu
Studio Nippon Animation
Released 19 July 1980
Runtime 107 minutes
Anime film
Marco: 3000 Leagues in Search of Mother
Directed by Kozo Kuzuha
Studio Nippon Animation
Released 2 April 1999
Runtime 98 minutes
Anime and Manga Portal

3000 Leagues in Search of Mother (母をたずねて三千里 Haha o Tazunete Sanzenri?) is an anime series directed by Isao Takahata and aired in 1976. It is loosely based on a small part of the novel Heart (Cuore) by Edmondo De Amicis, i.e. the monthly tale (racconto mensile) From the Apennines to the Andes (Dagli Appennini alle Ande), widely expanded into a 52-episode epic.

The series was broadcast on the World Masterpiece Theater, an animation staple that showcased each year an animated version of a different classic book or story, and was originally titled "From the Apennines to the Andes". Nippon Animation, producers of the World Masterpiece Theater, would adapt Cuore into a second TV anime series in 1981, although this second series was not part of the WMT.

A summarization movie was released in the 1980s using edited footage from the TV run. Nippon Animation also re-animated 3000 Leagues as a feature-length film in 1999, with a theme song performed by Scottish pop superstar Sheena Easton ("Carry a Dream", which was included in her 1999 album called Home that was only released in Japan).

The series was dubbed into several languages and became an instant success in some countries, such as Portugal, Brazil, Spain, Venezuela, Colombia, Germany, Chile, Turkey, the Arab world and Israel. In Hebrew, the series is called HaLev(הלב), meaning The Heart (the name of the novel which the series is based on, and which itself was translated in Hebrew and used to be very popular in 1990s Israel). In some European and in Latin American countries the series is simply known as Marco. In Arabic the series was a huge success, it was called "Wada'an Marco" ("وداعاً ماركو"), meaning "Goodbye Marco".



The plot of the series focuses on Marco, a young boy who lives with his family in the harbor city of Genoa, Italy during a depression period in 1881. Marco's father, Pietro Rossi, is a manager of a hospital who dedicates his time to treating poor patients, and therefore the family has financial difficulties. His beloved mother, Anna Rossi, goes to Argentina to work as a maid to earn money for Marco. When the letters from his mother stop coming after an indication that she is sick, Marco fears the worst for his mother's fate, and since his father is too busy working in his clinic and his older brother Tonio was sent off to train as a locomotive driver in Milano, he is the only one free enough to go search for her.

Marco takes with him his older brother's pet monkey, Amedeo and together they sneak aboard the Andrea Dora, a ship bound for Brazil. In Brazil Marco boards an immigrant ship and finally arrives in Buenos Aires, where he meets a puppeteer called Peppino and his family, whom he knew from Genoa. They accompany him to Bahía Blanca in order to try to locate his mother.

In Bahía Blanca, he discovers his uncle stole the letters which his mother had sent him. He returns to Buenos Aires, and sails off on a ship to Rosario; there he tries to figure out how to get on a train to Córdoba. Marco's Italian friends collect enough money and buy him a train ticket. Marco arrives in Córdoba, and successfully manages to locate the agricultural engineer Mister Mequinez. He tells Marco that his mother works for his brother in Tucumán, and gives him enough money for a train ticket. But Marco ends up giving the money to a doctor to save the life of a poor girl he meets. Marco sneaks on the train but he gets caught and tossed off the train in the middle of nowhere. A group of travelling gipsies rescue him and give him an old donkey.

After a few days, the donkey dies and Marco continues to walk to Tucumán by foot. He eventually arrives to his destination hungry and tired, and finds his mother. His mother is very sick and needs an operation, but she is too weak. As soon as she sees Marco, she regains her strength and manages to go through surgery successfully.

At the end of the series, Marco and his mother return to Genoa, where the family is reunited.


Crew Position
Directed by Isao Takahata
Produced by Junzou Nakajima
Takaji Matsudo
Original Story by Edmondo De Amicis (Heart, Italian: Cuore)
Screenplay by Kazuo Fukasawa
Character Designer & Supervising Animator Yōichi Kotabe
Assistant Animator Reiko Okuyama
Layout Supervisor Hayao Miyazaki
Art Director Takamura Mukuo
Music by Kouichi Sakata
Sound Designer Yasuo Uragami


Primary characters

  • Marco Rossi - a little boy, he is the main character of the series.
  • Anna Rossi - Marco's mother.
  • Antonio (Tonio) Rossi - Marco's older brother.
  • Pietro Rossi - Marco's father, a doctor of a village in Genoa.
  • Amedeo - Tonio's pet monkey, that comes on the journey with Marco.
  • Peppino - a man who performs outdoor puppet shows for a living, with his three daughters, Concetta, Fiorina and Giulietta.
  • Fiorina - Marco's friend in Italy and Peppino's second daughter, she also assists her father in his puppet theater business.
  • Giulietta - Fiorina's baby sister.

Secondary characters

  • Emilio - Marco's best friend in Italy.
  • Concetta - Peppino's elder daughter, who controls the puppets in his puppet show.
  • Gina Cristini - Marco's first employer, from the shipping company.
  • Mr. Guillioti - a bottler, he is Marco's second employer.
  • Ramón Mequinez - an engineer who employed Marco's mother to work for his brother in Tucumán.



  • Music by Kōichi Sakata

Japanese version

  • Opening theme: Sōgen no Marco (by Kumiko Ōsugi)
  • Ending theme: Kaasan Ohayō (by Kumiko Ōsugi)

Spanish version

  • Opening theme: Adiós, mamá (music by José Torregosa Alcaraz)
  • Ending theme: Mi mono Amedio y yo (music by José Torregosa Alcaraz)

Hebrew version

  • Opening theme: HaLev (Hebrew: הלב‎, lit. The Heart) (by Ilanit)

Movie version

3000 Leagues in Search of Mother

3000 Leagues in Search of Mother (母をたずねて三千里 Haha o Tazunete Sanzenri?) is the movie edited by the staff of the TV anime series.

The theatrical release date was July 19, 1980. It was distributed by Toho Towa. The screened theater was Toho Yoga group theater. The running time is 107 minutes.


  • Supervisor / Direction: Isao Takahata
  • Director of reconstruction: Hajime Okayasu
  • Assistant director: Kazuyoshi Yokoda / Kenichi Baba / Yasuo Kageyama
  • Author: Edmond De Amicis
  • Planning / Production: Nippon Animation
  • Executive Producer: Koichi Motohashi
  • Planning: Shoji Sato
  • Producer: Junzou Nakajima / Ryuji Matsdo / Yoshio Kato
  • Script: Kazuo Fukazawa
  • Character Design and Animation director: Yoichi Kotabe
  • Art Director: Takamura Mukuo
  • Editor: Takeshi Seyama / Syuuichi Kakesu / Keiko Onodera
  • Cinematographer: Keishichi Kuroki
  • Sound Director: Yasuo Uragami
  • Audio mixing: Tsugio Nakatogawa
  • Sound effects: Ishida Sound / Akihiko Matsuda
  • Music: Kouichi Sakata

Marco: 3000 Leagues in Search of Mother

Marco: 3000 Leagues in Search of Mother (Marco 母をたずねて三千里 Maruko Haha o Tazunete Sanzenri?) is the remake movie based on the TV animation series which Nippon Animation having a production copyright produced. Original staff has not participated though the direction method and the script applied to the TV series. Moreover, under the influence of group negotiations to demand service improvement of the voice actors just at that time, the original casts did not participate in this.

The theatrical release date was April 9, 1999. It was distributed by Shochiku. The screened theater was Shochiku-affiliated. The running time is 98 minutes.


  • Planning & Production: Nippon Animation / Shochiku / Mitsui & Co., Ltd.
  • Producer: Junzou Nakajima / 吉田剛 / Matsumi Tanaka
  • Executive Producer: Toshikazu Motohashi / Rentarou Kohama
  • Production Manager: 岩崎秀紀
  • Planung: Shoji Sato / Syunji Sone
  • Director: Kouzou Kusuba
  • Assistant director: Takeyuki Satohara
  • Author: Edmond De Amicis
  • Original character: Yoichi Kotabe
  • Character Design and Animation director: Shunji Saida
  • Dramatize: Kazuo Fukazawa
  • Speech: Yutaka Shintou / 幸甫 / Toshikazu Motohashi
  • Cinematographer: Seiichi Morishita
  • Cinematography: Studio Twinkle
  • Sound Director: Sadayoshi Fujino
  • Audio mixing: Chiaki Sato
  • Sound effects: Fizz Sound Creation
  • Art Director: Shouhei Kawamoto
  • Key art design: Warren Nan
  • CG director: Kazumi Hiruma
  • Collar coordinator: Akiko Koyama
  • Special effects: Masao Yoshiyama / Tomoji Hashizume
  • Editor: Shinichi Natori
  • Music: Tarō Iwashiro
  • Music Producer: Shigeyuki Onodera
  • Music Coordinator: Takahiko Odaka / EMI TAGO
  • Theme Song: Sheena Easton


External links

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