- Dadabhai Naoroji
The Honourable Dadabhai Naoroji Dadabhai Naoroji, 1892 Member of the United Kingdom Parliament
for Finsbury Central
Preceded by Frederick Thomas Penton Succeeded by William Frederick Barton Massey-Mainwaring Majority 3 Personal details Born 4 September 1825
Bombay, British Raj
Died 30 June 1917(aged 91)
Versova, British Raj
Political party Liberal Other political
Indian National Congress Spouse(s) Gulbai Profession Academic, political leader, MP, cotton trader Committees Legislative Council of Bombay Religion Zoroastrianism
Dadabhai Naoroji (4 September 1825 – 30 June 1917) (Hindi: दादाभाई नौरोजी), known as the Grand Old Man of India, was a Parsi intellectual, educator, cotton trader, and an early Indian political leader. His book Poverty and Un-British Rule in India brought attention to the draining of India's wealth into Britain. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) in the British House of Commons between 1892 and 1895, and the first Asian to be a British MP. He is also credited with the founding of the Indian National Congress, along with A.O. Hume and Dinshaw Edulji Wacha.
At the early age of 25, he was appointed leading Professor at the Elphinstone Institution in 1850, becoming the first Indian to hold such an academic position. Being an Athornan (ordained priest), Naoroji founded the Rahnumae Mazdayasne Sabha (Guides on the Mazdayasne Path) on 1 August 1851 to restore the Zoroastrian religion to its original purity and simplicity. In 1854, he also founded a fortnightly publication, the Rast Goftar (or The Truth Teller), to clarify Zoroastrian concepts. By 1855 he was Professor of Mathematics and Natural philosophy in Bombay. He travelled to London in 1855 to become a partner in Cama & Co, opening a Liverpool location for the first Indian company to be established in Britain. Within three years, he had resigned on ethical grounds. In 1859, he established his own cotton trading company, Naoroji & Co. Later, he became professor of Gujarati at University College London.
In 1867 Naoroji helped establish the East India Association, one of the predecessor organizations of the Indian National Congress with the aim of putting across the Indian point of view before the British public. The Association was instrumental in counter-acting the propaganda by the Ethnological Society of London which, in its session in 1866, had tried to prove the inferiority of the Asians to the Europeans. This Association soon won the support of eminent Englishmen and was able to exercise considerable influence in the British Parliament. In 1874, he became Prime Minister of Baroda and was a member of the Legislative Council of Bombay (1885–88). He was also a member of the Indian National Association founded by Sir Surendranath Banerjea from Calcutta a few years before the founding of the Indian National Congress in Bombay, with the same objectives and practices. The two groups later merged into the INC, and Naoroji was elected President of the Congress in 1886. Naoroji published Poverty and un-British Rule in India in 1901.
Naoroji moved to Britain once again and continued his political involvement. Elected for the Liberal Party in Finsbury Central at the 1892 general election, he was the first British Indian MP. He refused to take the oath on the Bible as he was not a Christian, but was allowed to take the oath of office in the name of God on his copy of Khordeh Avesta. In Parliament, he spoke on Irish Home Rule and the condition of the Indian people. In his political campaign and duties as an MP, he was assisted by Muhammed Ali Jinnah, the future Muslim nationalist and founder of Pakistan. In 1906, Naoroji was again elected president of the Indian National Congress. Naoroji was a staunch moderate within the Congress, during the phase when opinion in the party was split between the moderates and extremists. Naoroji was a mentor to both Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was married to Gulbai at the age of eleven. He died in Bombay on 30 June 1917, at age 92. Today the Dadabhai Naoroji Road, a heritage road of Mumbai, is named after him. Also, the Dadabhoy Naoroji Road in Karachi, Pakistan is also named after him as well as the Naoroji Road in the Bloomsbury area of London.
- The manners and customs of the Parsees (Bombay, 1864)
- The European and Asiatic races (London, 1866)
- Admission of educated natives into the Indian Civil Service (London, 1868)
- The wants and means of India (London, 1870)
- Condition of India (Madras, 1881)
- Poverty of India: A Paper Read Before the Bombay Branche of the East India Association, Bombay, Ranima Union Press, (1876)
- C. L. Parekh, ed., Essays, Speeches, Addresses and Writings of the Honourable Dadabhai Naoroji, Bombay, Caxton Printing Works (1887). An excerpt, "The Benefits of British Rule", in a modernized text by J. S. Arkenberg, ed., on line at Paul Halsall, ed., Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
- Lord Salisbury’s Blackman (Lucknow, 1889)
- Naoroji, Dadabhai (1861). The Parsee Religion. University of London. http://www.archive.org/stream/cu31924031767779#page/n3/mode/2up.
- Dadabhai Naoroji (1901). Poverty and Un-British Rule in India. Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. http://books.google.com/books?id=oqwCAAAAMAAJ&dq=%22poverty+and+un+british+rule+in+india%22&printsec=frontcover#PPR1,M1. ; Commonwealth Publishers, 1988. ISBN 8190006622
- Electoral firsts in the United Kingdom
- ^ Sumita Mukherjee. "‘Narrow-majority’ and ‘Bow-and-agree’: Public Attitudes Towards the Elections of the First Asian MPs in Britain, Dadabhai Naoroji and Mancherjee Merwanjee Bhownaggree, 1885-1906.". Journal of the Oxford University History Society (2 (Michaelmas 2004)). http://sites.google.com/site/jouhsinfo/mukherjee02.pdf.
- ^ "Dr. Dadabhai Naoroji, 'The Grand Old Man of India'", Vohuman.org
- ^ "Dadabhai Naoroji, 1825-1917", Migration Histories.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Rustom P. Masani, Dadabhai Naoroji (1939).
- Munni Rawal, Dadabhai Naoroji, Prophet of Indian Nationalism, 1855-1900, New Delhi, Anmol Publications (1989).
- S. R. Bakshi, Dadabhai Naoroji: The Grand Old Man, Anmol Publications (1991). ISBN 8170414261
- Verinder Grover, ‘'Dadabhai Naoroji: A Biography of His Vision and Ideas’’ New Delhi, Deep & Deep Publishers (1998) ISBN 8176290114
- Debendra Kumar Das, ed., ‘'Great Indian Economists : Their Creative Vision for Socio-Economic Development.’’ Vol. I: ‘Dadabhai Naoroji (1825-1917) : Life Sketch and Contribution to Indian Economy.’’ New Delhi, Deep and Deep (2004). ISBN 8176293156
- P. D. Hajela, ‘'Economic Thoughts of Dadabhai Naoroji,’’ New Delhi, Deep & Deep (2001). ISBN 8176293377
- Pash Nandhra, entry Dadabhai Naoroji in Brack et al. (eds).Dictionary of Liberal History; Politico's, 1998
- Zerbanoo Gifford, Dadabhai Naoroji: Britain's First Asian MP; Mantra Books, 1992
- "Dr. Dadabhai Naoroji, 'The Grand Old Man of India'", Vohuman.org - Presents a complete chronology of Naoroji's life.
- B. Shantanu, "Drain of Wealth during British Raj", iVarta.com, February 06, 2006 (on line).
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded by
Frederick Thomas Penton
Member of Parliament for Finsbury Central
William Frederick Barton Massey-Mainwaring
Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee
President of the Indian National Congress
Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee
President of the Indian National Congress
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
President of the Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress PresidentsBonnerjee · Naoroji · Tyabji · Yule · Wedderburn · Mehta · Charlappa · Bonnerjee · Dadabhai Naoroji · Webb · Banerjea · Sayani · Nair · A. M. Bose · Dutt · Chandavarkar · Wacha · Banerjea · L. Ghosh · H. Cotton · Gokhale · Naoroji · R. Ghosh · (1907-1908) Malaviya · Wedderburn · Dar · Mudholkar · Bahadur · B. N. Bose · Sinha · Mazumdar · Besant · Malaviya · Imam · M. Nehru · Rai · C. Vijayaraghavachariar · Khan · Das · M. Ali · A. K. Azad · M. Gandhi · Naidu · Iyengar · Ansari · M. Nehru · J. Nehru · S. V. Patel · Malaviya (1932-1933) · Nellie Sengupta · Rajendra Prasad (1934-1935) · J. Nehru (1936-1937) · S. C. Bose · (1938-1939) · A. K. Azad (1940-1946) · Kripalani · Sitaramayya (1948-1949) · Tandon · J. Nehru (1951-1954) · Dhebar (1955-1959) · I. Gandhi · Reddy (1960-1963) · K. Kamaraj (1964-1967) · S. Nijalingappa (1968-1969) · J. Ram (1970-1971) · D. Sharma (1972-1974) · Baruah (1975-1977) · I. Gandhi (1978-1984) · R. Gandhi (1985-1991) · Narasimha Rao (1992-1996) · Kesri (1996-1998) · S. Gandhi (1998-present) Frontal Organizations Internal Organizations Pradesh committeesAndhra Pradesh PCC · Assam PCC · Bihar PCC · Chhatisgarh PCC · Delhi PCC · Gujarat PCC · Haryana PCC · Himachal Pradesh PCC · Jammu & Kashmir PCC · Jharkhand PCC · Karnataka PCC · Kerala PCC · Maharashtra PCC · Madhya Pradesh PCC · Meghalaya PCC · Mizoram PCC · Mumbai PCC · Nagaland PCC · Orissa PCC · Puducherry PCC · Punjab PCC · Rajasthan PCC · Tamil Nadu PCC · Tripura PCC · Uttarakhand PCC · Uttar Pradesh PCC · West Bengal PCC History
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dadabhai Naoroji — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dadabhai Naoroji Estatua de Naoroji en Bombay … Wikipedia Español
Dadabhai Naoroji — (1892) Denkmal für N … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dadabhai Naoroji Road — Crawford market … Wikipedia
Naoroji — Denkmal für Naoroji in Bombay Dadabhai Naoroji (* 4. September 1825 in Bombay; † 30. Juni 1917 ebendort) war ein parsischer Intellektueller und Gelehrter und ein früher indischer Politiker. Er war der erste Asiate, der bereits zwischen 1892 und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Naoroji, Dadabhai — ▪ Indian nationalist leader born Sept. 4, 1825, Bombay, India died June 30, 1917, Bombay Indian nationalist and critic of British economic policy in India. Educated at Elphinstone College, Bombay, he was professor of mathematics and… … Universalium
President of the Indian National Congress — This article is part of a series about Indian National Congress … Wikipedia
Indian National Congress — Not to be confused with Indian National Congress (Organization). Indian National Congress … Wikipedia
Madan Mohan Malaviya — Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya Portrait of Madan Mohan Malviya unveiled by Dr. Rajendra Prasad on 19 December 1957. President of the Indian National Congress … Wikipedia
Feueranbeter — Faravahar Der Zoroastrismus bzw. Zarathustrismus (auch: Mazdaismus oder Parsismus) ist eine wohl zwischen 1800 v. Chr. und 600 v. Chr. vermutlich im ostiranischen Baktrien entstandene, monotheistische (zumindest in ihren frühen Ausprägungen aber… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mazdaismus — Faravahar Der Zoroastrismus bzw. Zarathustrismus (auch: Mazdaismus oder Parsismus) ist eine wohl zwischen 1800 v. Chr. und 600 v. Chr. vermutlich im ostiranischen Baktrien entstandene, monotheistische (zumindest in ihren frühen Ausprägungen aber… … Deutsch Wikipedia