- Interpersonal communication
Interpersonal communication is defined by communication scholars in numerous ways, though most involve participants who are interdependent on one another, have a shared history. Communication channels are the medium chosen to convey the message from sender to receiver. Communication channels can be categorized into two main categories: Direct and Indirect channels of communication.
Direct channels are those that are obvious and can be easily recognized by the receiver. They are also under direct control of the sender. In this category are the verbal and non-verbal channels of communication. "Verbal" communication channels are those that use words in some manner, such as written communication or spoken communication. "Non-verbal" communication channels are those that do not require silly words, such as certain overt facial expressions, controllable body movements (such as that made by a traffic police to control traffic at an intersection), color (red for danger, green means go etc), sound (sirens, alarms etc.).
Indirect channels are those channels that are usually recognized subliminally or subconsciously by the receiver, and not under direct control of the sender. This includes kinesics or body language, that reflects the inner emotions and motivations rather than the actual delivered message. It also includes such vague terms as "gut feeling", "hunches" or "premonitions".
Channels means mode of communicating the messages.
Participants is the communicators who are both senders and receivers.
Context refers to the interrelated conditions of communication. It consists of everything that is not in the message, but on which the message relies in order to have its intended meaning. Ultimately, context includes the entire world, but usually refers to such salient factors as the following:
Situational milieu, for example: classroom, battlefield, supermarket
Cultural and linguistic background of each participant, how similar? how different?
Emotional state and developmental stage of each participant
Social role enacted by each participant, for example: boss, employee, teacher, student, parent, child, spouse, friend, enemy, partner, competitor
Coordinated Management of Meaning
Nonviolent CommunicationI love verbal communication, It's the best way!
References and further reading
* William Ury, "
Getting Past No: Negotiating Your Way from Confrontation to Cooperation", revised second edition, Bantam, January 1, 1993, trade paperback, ISBN 0-553-37131-2; 1st edition under the title, "Getting Past No: Negotiating with Difficult People", Bantam, September, 1991, hardcover, 161 pages, ISBN 0-553-07274-9
* William Ury, Roger Fisher and Bruce Patton, "
Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving in", Revised 2nd edition, Penguin USA, 1991, trade paperback, ISBN 0-14-015735-2; Houghton Mifflin, April, 1992, hardcover, 200 pages, ISBN 0-395-63124-6. The first edition, unrevised, Houghton Mifflin, 1981, hardcover, ISBN 0-395-31757-6
* Douglas Stone, Bruce Patton, and Sheila Heen, foreword by Roger Fisher, "Difficult Conversations: How to Discuss What Matters Most", Penguin, 1999, ISBN 0-14-028852-X
* Barnett Pearce, "Making Social Worlds: A Communication Perspective", Wiley-Blackwell, January, 2008, ISBN 1-405-16260-0
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Interpersonal communication relationship dissolution — Relationship DissolutionThe interpersonal communication that occurs during a relationship deterioration/ dissolution looks to explain the possible why behind the relationship breakup and the communication steps that a breakup seems to follow.… … Wikipedia
Межличностная коммуникация (interpersonal communication) — Под М.к. понимается процесс передачи информ. неким источником др. конкретному целевому объекту или членам идентифицируемой группы. Эти коммуникации обычно осуществляются в ходе личных взаимодействий, однако они могут также реализовываться с… … Психологическая энциклопедия
Interpersonal deception theory — (IDT) attempts to explain the manner in which individuals deal with actual or perceived deception on the conscious and subconscious levels while engaged in face to face communication. Communication is not static; it is influenced not only by one… … Wikipedia
Communication in small groups — is interpersonal communication within groups of between 3 and 20 individuals. This generally takes place in a context that mixes interpersonal interactions with social clustering. Contents 1 Group communication 1.1 Linear phase model … Wikipedia
Communication privacy management theory — is a communication theory first developed by Sandra Petronio in 1991 describing the ways in which relational actors manage their privacy boundaries and the disclosure of private information. The theory focuses heavily on the processes that… … Wikipedia
Interpersonal compatibility — is a concept that characterizes durable interaction between two or more individuals by comfortability of such communication. Existing concepts Although various concepts of interpersonal compatibility exist from ancient times (see e.g. Plato s… … Wikipedia
Communication (disambiguation) — Communication or Communications may refer to: Contents 1 Topics 2 Types 3 Companies … Wikipedia
Communication for sustainable social change and development — involves the use of variety of communication techniques to address inefficient systems, processes, or modes of production within a specific location that has not incurred major technological advances. Different mediums and approaches are used to… … Wikipedia
communication — communicational, adj. /keuh myooh ni kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of communicating; fact of being communicated. 2. the imparting or interchange of thoughts, opinions, or information by speech, writing, or signs. 3. something imparted,… … Universalium
Communication — For the term used in the game of bridge, see Glossary of contract bridge terms # communication. Communication is the activity of conveying meaningful information. Communication requires a sender, a message, and an intended recipient, although the … Wikipedia