- Pope Stephen II
:"In sources prior to the 1960s, this pope is sometimes called "Stephen III" and
Pope-elect Stephenis sometimes called "Stephen II". See Pope-elect Stephenfor detailed explanations."Infobox Pope
English name=Stephen II
March 26, 752
April 26, 757
Pope Stephen II (d.
April 26, 757[Biagia Catanzaro, Francesco Gligora, "Breve Storia dei papi, da San Pietro a Paolo VI", Padova 1975, pag. 84] ) was a popeof the Roman Catholic Church(752 - 757).
Lombardsto the north of Romehad captured Ravenna, former capital of the Byzantine Empire exarchate, in 751, and began to put pressure on Rome. Relations were very strained in the mid-8th century between the papacyand the Byzantine emperors of the Isaurian dynasty. Due to the fact that the Byzantine Empireitself was beset by both the Abbasid Caliphateand Bulgars, no help came from Constantinople. Stephen turned to Pepin the Younger, the recently crowned King of the Franks, and even traveled to Paris to plead for help in person. On January 6, 754, Stephen re-consecrated Pepin as king. In return, Pepin assumed the role of ordained protector of the Church and set his sights on the Lombards.
Pepin invaded Italy twice to settle the Lombard problem and delivered the territory between
Romeand Ravennato the papacy, but left the Lombard kings in possession of their kingdom.
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