Pope John II


Pope John II

:"Pope John II of Alexandria was the Coptic Pope from 505 to 516".Infobox Pope
English name=John II


birth_name=Mercurius
term_start=January 2 533
term_end=May 8 535
predecessor=Boniface II
successor=Agapetus I
birth_date=???
birthplace=Rome
dead=dead|death_date=death date|535|5|8|mf=y
deathplace=Rome
other=John

Pope John II (born Mercurius) was pope from 533 to 535.

He was the son of a certain Projectus, born in Rome and a priest of the Basilica di San Clemente on the Caelian Hill. He was made pope January 2 533. The basilica of St. Clement still retains several memorials of "Johannes surnamed Mercurius". Presbyter Mercurius is found on a fragment of an ancient ciborium, and several of the marble slabs which enclose the schola cantorum bear upon them, in the style of the sixth century, the monogram of Johannes. [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08421b.htm Pope John II] , Catholic Encyclopædia.]

He was the first pope to adopt a new name (regnal name) upon elevation to the papacy, as his theophoric birth name honoured the Roman god Mercury.

At this period simony (the purchase or sale of church offices or preferment) in the election of popes and bishops was rife among clergy and laity. During the "sede vacante" of over two months, "shameless trafficking in sacred things was indulged in. Even sacred vessels were exposed for sale". The matter had been brought before the Senate, and laid before the Arian Ostrogothic Court at Ravenna. The last decree ("Senatus Consultum") which the Roman Senate is known to have issued, passed under Boniface II, was directed against simony in papal elections. The decree was confirmed by Athalaric, king of the Ostrogoths. He ordered it to be engraved on marble, and to be placed in the atrium of St. Peter's (533). By one of Athalaric's own additions to the decree, it was decided, that if a disputed election was carried before the Gothic officials of Ravenna by the Roman clergy and people, three thousand "solidi" would have to be paid into court. This sum was to be given to the poor. John remained on good terms with Athalaric, who, being of the Arian Christianity, was content to refer to John's tribunal all actions brought against the Roman clergy.

The "Liber Pontificalis" records that the following year John obtained valuable gifts as well as a profession of orthodox faith from the Byzantine emperor Justinian I the Great, a significant accomplishment in light of the strength of Monophysitism in the Byzantine Empire at that time.

The notorious adulterous behavior of Contumeliosus, Bishop of Riez in Provence [http://www.ccel.org/ccel/wace/biodict.a.html Agapetus] , in Henry Wace, "A Dictionary of Christian Biography".] , caused John to order the bishops of Gaul to confine him in a monastery; until a new bishop should be appointed, he bade the clergy of Riez obey the Bishop of Arles.

Two hundred and seventeen bishops assembled in a council at Carthage (535) submitted to John II whether bishops who had lapsed into Arianism should, on repentance keep their rank or be admitted only to lay communion. The question of readmittance to the lapsed troubled north Africa for centuries: see Novatianism and Donatism. The answer to their question was given by Agapetus, as John II died May 8 535. He was buried in St Peter's Basilica.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pope John — has been the most common papal name in the Roman Catholic Church, used by 21 popes, though the numbering of them has been irregular through history due to antipopes and differences in old lists. The Latin name is Iohannes .# Pope John I (523–526) …   Wikipedia

  • Pope John X —     Pope John X     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John X     Born at Tossignano, Romagna; enthroned, 914; died at Rome, 928. First a deacon ( see Deacons ), he became Archbishop of Ravenna about 905, as successor of Kailo. In a document dated 5… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John IX —     Pope John IX     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John IX     (898 900).     Not only is the date of John s birth unknown, but the date of his election as pope, and that of his death are alike uncertain. He became pope in the early part of 898 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John IV —     Pope John IV     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John IV     (640 642).     A native of Dalmatia, and the son of the scholasticus (advocate) Venantius. The date of his birth is uncertain; d. 12 October, 642. At the time of his election he was… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John II —     Pope John II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John II     (533 535).     The date of the birth of this pope is not known. He was a Roman and the son of Projectus; if not born in the second region (Coelimontium) he had at least been a priest …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John VI —     Pope John VI     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John VI     (701 705).     A Greek, the date of whose birth is unknown; d. 11 January, 705. He ascended the papal throne 30 October, 701. Some time during his reign there came to Rome from… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John V —     Pope John V     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John V     (685 686).     A Syrian whose father was one Cyriacus; when he was born is not known; d. 2 August, 686. As a deacon ( see Deacons ) he was one of those who represented the Apostolic… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John XI —     Pope John XI     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John XI     Date of birth unknown, became pope in 931; d. 936. He was the son of Marozia by her first marriage with Alberic; some, taking Liutprand and the Liber Pontificalis as their authority …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope,John — Pope, John. 1822 1892. American Union general in the Civil War who was defeated by Gen. Robert E. Lee at the Second Battle of Bull Run (1862). * * * …   Universalium

  • Pope John XX — There has never been a Pope John XX, because the 20th pope of this name, formerly Petrus Hispanus, decided to skip the number XX and to be counted as John XXI instead. He wanted to correct what in his time was believed to be an error in the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.