- Henry Harris (scientist)
Sir Henry Harris, FRS, (born
January 28 1925) is an Australian-born professor of medicineat Oxford University, now retired, who led pioneering work on cancerand human geneticsin the 1960s.
Harris was born in
Australiainto a family of Russian immigrants. Educated in Sydneyhe first read modern languagesin 1941, but was subsequently attracted to medicine through his literary interests. He studied medicine at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospitaland began a career in medical research rather than clinical practice.
Medical research in Oxford
In the early 1950s, Harris moved to
Englandto study at the Sir William Dunn School of Pathologyin Oxfordunder Howard Florey. He completed his DPhilin 1954 and settled down to a career of academic research. In 1960 he was appointed as head of the new department of cell biologyat the John Innes Institute, and in 1964 he succeeded Florey as Head of the Dunn School, and in 1979 he was appointed as Oxford's Regius Professor of Medicinesucceeding Sir Richard Doll.
Harris's research interests were primarily focused on
cancercells and of their differences from normal cells, and later on the possibilities of genetic modification of human cell lines with material of other species in order to increase the range of genetic markers. Harris and his colleagues developed some of the basic techniques for investigating and measuring genes along the human chromosome.
In 1969 Harris showed that when malignant cancer cells were fused with normal
fibroblasts, the resulting hybrids were not malignant, thus demonstrating the existence of genes that had the ability to suppress malignancy. Work on these tumour suppressor genes has become a world-wide industry.
Much of Harris's work has been supported by the
Cancer Research UK(formerly the Cancer Research Campaign).
*cite book | author=Harris, Henry | title=Scientific models and man | location= Oxford and New York | publisher=Clarendon Press and Oxford University Press | year=1979 | id=ISBN 0-19-857168-2
*cite book | author=Harris, Henry | title=The balance of improbabilities : a scientific life | location= Oxford | publisher=Clarendon Press | year=1987 | id=ISBN 0-19-858217-X
*cite book | author=Harris, Henry | title=Hippolyte's club foot : the medical roots of realism in modern European literature | location= Oxford | publisher=Clarendon Press | year=1993 | id=ISBN 0-19-951362-7 (The Romanes Lecture for 1993).
*cite book | author=Harris, Henry | title=The cells of the body : a history of somatic cell genetics | location= Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y | publisher=Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory | year=1995 | id=ISBN 0-87969-533-1
*cite book | author=Harris, Henry | title=The Birth of the Cell | publisher=Yale University Press | year=2000 | id=ISBN 0-300-08295-9
*cite book | author=Harris, Henry | title=Things Come to Life: Spontaneous Generation Revisited | publisher= Oxford University Press | year=2002 | id=ISBN 0-19-851538-3
* [http://www.brookes.ac.uk/schools/bms/medical/synopses/harris.html Henry Harris in the Oxford Brookes Medical Video Archive]
* [http://www.path.ox.ac.uk/history.htm History of the William Dunn School of Pathology in Oxford]
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