Alpes Cottiae


Alpes Cottiae

Alpes Cottiae was a province of the Roman Empire, one of three small provinces straddling the Alps between modern France and Italy. Its names survives in the modern Cottian Alps. In antiquity, the province's most important duty was the safeguarding of communications over the Alpine passes. Alpes Cottiae was bordered by Gallia Narbonensis to the west, Alpes Maritimae to the south, Italia to the east, and Alpes Graiae to the north. The provincial capital was at Segusio (modern Susa in Piedmont).

The province had its origin in the kingdom controled by Donnus, ruler of the local Ligurian tribes of the area in the middle of the first century B.C., and was named after his son and successor Cottius, whose realm was integrated into the Roman imperial system under Augustus. Initially, Cottius and his own son of the same name after him continued to hold power as client kings; afterwards, under Nero a procurator was appointed and it officially became a Roman province. The governors of the province were prefects from the Equestrian order.

Settlements in Alpes Cottiae included:
* Ocelum (Lesseau)
* Segusio (Susa) (capital)
* Scingomagus (Exilles)
* Caesao (Cesana Torinese)

References

Tilmann Bechert: "Die Provinzen des römischen Reiches: Einführung und Überblick". von Zabern, Mainz 1999.


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  • Alpes — ▪ Roman provinces, Europe       several small provinces set up by the Romans in the western Alps.       Some time after the conquest of the Ligurian tribes in the area in 14 BC, Augustus established Alpes Maritimae ( Maritime Alps) under a… …   Universalium

  • Alpes Maritimae — Römische Provinzen in den Westalpen und das Burgunderreich in der Spätantike …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • COTTIAE Alpes — Moncenis Ieandro, Mon Genebre Iovio, montes excelsi inter Galliam et Italiam divortia facientes, ac Taurinos ab Allobrogibus, seu a Delphinatu potius separantes. Has P. Diaconus Dertonam, et Bobium usque extendit, sed male, parremque illas… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Cottiae Alpes — Cottiae Alpes, s. u. Alpen (a. Geogr.) u. (n. Geogr.) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • ALPES — I. ALPES montes sunt excelsi (qui Italiam separant a Gallia, Helvetia, Rhaetia, Hungaria, et Germania.) l Alpi Italis, Alpen Germanis dicti, qui mulriplices sunt; variaque, pro locorum diversitate, sortiuntur nomina. Longitud. 3000. Sunt enim 1.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale


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