Executive Order 12333


Executive Order 12333

Executive Order 12333 extends powers and responsibilities of US intelligence agencies and directs the leaders of U.S. federal agencies to co-operate fully with the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) requests for information. Executive Order 12333, as amended, provides for the conduct of US intelligence activities and provides special authorities to the DNI and the Central Intelligence Agency CIA.

This executive order, entitled "United States Intelligence Activities", was signed by President Ronald Reagan on December 4, 1981. It was amended by Executive Order 13355: Strengthened Management of the Intelligence Community, on August 27. On July 30, 2008, President Bush issued Executive Order 13470 [ [http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/eo/eo-13470.htm Executive Order 13470] ] amending Executive Order 12333 to strengthen the role of the DNI. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/washington/AP-Intelligence-Rules.html "Bush Orders Intelligence Overhaul", by Associated Press, July 31, 2008] ] [http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2008/07/20080731-2.html Executive Order: Further Amendments to Executive Order 12333, United States Intelligence Activities]

EO 12333 invoked for Able Danger

EO 12333 was invoked by SOCOM lawyers as the legal reasoning behind the destruction of 2.5 terabytes of data compiled by Able Danger. Able Danger was the J3 planning operation that allegedly identified four of the hijackers in the 9/11 attacks. Able Danger liaison to the Defense Intelligence Agency, Lt. Col. Anthony Shaffer claims that 9/11 ringleader Mohamed Atta, Marwan al-Shehhi, and two of the muscle hijackers aboard AA77 were identified as early as January/February 2000 by the Able Danger team. [ [http://www.abledangerblog.com/2006/02/lt-col-shaffers-written-testimony.html Able Danger Blog: Lt. Col. Shaffer's written testimony ] ] The invocation of EO 12333 is particularly strange in this case considering the retention of data is allowed when the information is "publicly available" or "obtained in the course of a ...international terrorism investigation." [ [http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/eo12333.htm EO 12333 - UNITED STATES INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES ] ]

Discussions of EO 12333's proscription on assassination

* [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/inatl/longterm/iraq/keyplayers/saddam021598.htm Saddam Hussein's Death Is a Goal, Says Ex-CIA Chief] , "Washington Post", February 15, 1998
* [http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A63203-2001Oct27?language=printer CIA Weighs 'Targeted Killing' Missions: Administration Believes Restraints Do Not Bar Singling Out Individual Terrorists] , "Washington Post", October 21, 2001

References

See also

*Church Committee
*Executive order
*List of United States federal executive orders

External links

* [http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/codification/executive-order/12333.html Executive Order 12333--United States intelligence activities] , "US Federal Register", December 4, 1981
* [http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/executive-orders/1981-reagan.html#12333 Metadata concerning Executive Order 12333] , "US Federal Register" - indicates other executive orders that this E.O. amends, revokes, and is amended by.
* [http://www.milnet.com/eo12333.htm Should U.S. officials say anything that could harm U.S. soldiers?] , "Milnet" - (a 5k summary of eo12333)
* [http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2004/08/20040827-6.html Executive Order 13355: Strengthened Management of the Intelligence Community] , "White House", August 27, 2004
* [http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2004/pdf/04-20051.pdf Executive Order 13355: Strengthened Management of the Intelligence Community] , "US Federal Register", September 1, 2004
* [http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/html/524001r.htm Procedures Governing the Activities of DoD Intelligence Components that Affect United States Persons] , December 1982
* [http://blogs.washingtonpost.com/earlywarning/2005/09/another_law_und.html Another Law Under Assault] , "Washington Post", September 29, 2005
*cite journal
first =Pamela
last =Hess
authorlink =
coauthors =
year =2002
month =November 8
title = Experts: Yemen strike not assassination
journal =UPI
volume =
issue =
pages =
id =
url =http://www.upi.com/view.cfm?StoryID=20021107-042725-6586r

*cite web
author =Elizabeth B. Bazan
date =January 4, 2002
url =http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RS21037.pdf
title =Assassination Ban and E.O. 12333:A Brief Summary
format =.pdf
work =
publisher =CRS Report for Congress
accessdate =April 26
accessyear =2006

*cite web
author =Tom O'Connor, Mark Stevens
month =November | year =2005
url =http://faculty.ncwc.edu/toconnor/430/430lect16.htm
title =The Handling of Illegal Enemy Combatants
format =HTML
work =
publisher =
accessdate =April 26
accessyear =2006

*cite web
author =
year =
url =http://www.ksg.harvard.edu/cchrp/Use%20of%20Force/October%202002/Parks_final.pdf
title =Memorandum on Executive Order 12333 and Assassination
format =PDF
work =
publisher =
accessdate =April 26
accessyear =2006

*cite web
author =Jeffrey Addicott
date =November 7, 2002
url =http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/forum/forumnew68.php
title =The Yemen Attack: Illegal Assassination or Lawful Killing?
format =
work =HTML
publisher =
accessdate =April 26
accessyear =2006


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