Mukje Agreement


Mukje Agreement

The Mukje Agreement was a treaty signed on August 2, 1943 in the Albanian village of Mukje between the nationalist Balli Kombëtar and the communist National Liberation Movement on how to regulate the Albanian resistance in World War II and how to prepare for the future of Ethnic Albania.

The agreement established a Committee of National Salvation which should take the lead over the Albanian resistance movement. One of its goals was the creation of Greater Albania. On the part of the Albanian communists, the agreement was signed by Ymer Dishnica, a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Albania. Balli Kombëtar was represented by Skënder Muço, Hysni Lepenica, Mit’hat Frashëri and Hasan Dosti. A dispute arose concerning the status of Kosovo. Whereas the National Front proposed to fight for the integration of Kosova into Albania, the Communist representatives objected fiercely.

Since the agreement did not contain any provisions on fighting the occupying Italian forces, but rather promoted nationalism and collaborationism, it was considered counterrevolutionary by the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, whose delegate Svetozar Vukmanović-Tempo exerted considerable influence over the Albanian communists. Consequently, the agreement was formally denounced several days later in a meeting of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Albania.

After failure of the agreement, Balli Kombëtar chose to openly collaborate with the Germans after the capitulation of Italy, while the Communist Party of Albania continued to fight alongside the Yugoslav Partisans.

References


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