- Pope Alexander II
English name=Alexander II
birth_name=Anselmo da Baggio
September 30, 1061
April 21, 1073
Alexander II (died
April 21, 1073), born Anselmo da Baggio, was Popefrom 1061 to 1073.
He was born in
Milan. As bishop of Luccahe had been an energetic coadjutor with Hildebrand in endeavouring to suppress simony, and to enforce the celibacy of the clergy. His election, which Hildebrand had arranged in conformity with the decree of 1059 (see Pope Nicholas II), was not sanctioned by the imperial court of Germany. This court, true to the practice observed by it in the preceding elections, nominated another candidate, Cadalus, bishop of Parma, who was proclaimed at the council of Baselunder the name of antipope Honorius II(1061–72), marched to Rome, and for a long time threatened his rival's position. At length, however, he was forsaken by the Germanic court and deposed by a council held at Mantua; and Alexander II's position remained unchallenged.
In 1065, he admonished
Landulf VI of Benevento"that the conversion of Jews is not to be obtained by force." [Simonsohn, pp 35–37.]
In 1066, he entertained the
embassyfrom William the Conquerorwhich had been sent to obtain his blessing for the conquest of England. This he gave to them, gifting to them a papal ring, the standard of St. Peter, and a papal edictto present to the English clergysaying that William was given the Papal blessingfor the bid for the throne. These favours were instrumental in the submission of the English church and peoplefollowing the Battle of Hastings.
Alexander II oversaw the suppression of the 'Alleluia' during the Latin Church's celebration of Lent. [Cabrol, p 46.]
Alexander II was followed by his associate Hildebrand, who took the title of Gregory VII (1073–85).
*Simonsohn, Shlomo. "The Apostolic See and the Jews, Documents: 492-1404".
*Cabrol, Fernand. "Liturgical Prayer: Its History and Spirit. 2003. p. 46".
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pope Alexander VI — Pope Alexander VI † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Alexander VI Rodrigo Borgia, born at Xativa, near Valencia, in Spain, 1 January, 1431; died in Rome, 18 August, 1503. His parents were Jofre Lançol and Isabella Borja, sister of… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Alexander II — Pope Alexander II † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Alexander II Reigned 1061 1073 As Anselm of Lucca, he had been recognized for a number of years as one of the leaders of the reform party, especially in the Milanese territory,… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Alexander IV — Pope Alexander IV † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Alexander IV Pope from 1254 61 (Rinaldo Conti), of the house of Segni, which had already given two illustrious sons to the Papacy, Innocent III and Gregory IX, date of birth uncertain;… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope, Alexander — • English poet, son of Alexander Pope (1688 1744) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope, Alexander — (spr. pōp), engl. Dichter, geb. 22. Mai 1688 in London, gest. 30. Mai 1744 in Twickenham an der Themse, stammte aus wohlhabender katholischer Familie, besuchte das katholische Seminar in Twyford bei Winchester, mußte aber diese Anstalt bald… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Pope, Alexander — Pope, Alexander, dieser Heros der engl. Dichtkunst, ein Freund Swift s, angefeindet wegen seiner beißenden Satyre, aber auch bewundert wegen der Eleganz und Schönheit seiner Schreibart, war der Sohn eines Leinwandhändlers, wurde zu London am 8.… … Damen Conversations Lexikon
Pope,Alexander — Pope, Alexander. 1688 1744. English writer best remembered for his satirical mock epic poems The Rape of the Lock (1712) and The Dunciad (1728). * * * … Universalium
Pope Alexander VI — Infobox pope English name=Alexander VI birth name= Roderic Llançol de Borja i Borja (in Catalan) ( it. Rodrigo Borgia) term start=August 11, 1492 term end=August 18, 1503 predecessor=Innocent VIII successor=Pius III birth date=birth… … Wikipedia
Pope Alexander I — Infobox Pope English name=Saint Alexander I birth name=Alexander term start=ca. 106 term end=ca. 115 predecessor=Evaristus successor=Sixtus I birth date=unknown date birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=ca. 115 deathplace=Rome, Italy other … Wikipedia
Pope Alexander — There have been eight popes named Alexander.*Pope Alexander I (c. 106 c. 115) *Pope Alexander II (1061 1073) *Pope Alexander III (1159 1181) *Pope Alexander IV (1254 1261) *Pope Alexander V (1409 1410) (considered by some to be an antipope) *Pope … Wikipedia
Pope Alexander IV — Infobox Pope English name=Alexander IV birth name=Rinaldo di Jenne term start=December 12 1254 term end=May 25 1261 predecessor=Innocent IV successor=Urban IV birth date=1199| or ca. 1185birthplace=Anagni, Italy dead=dead death date=death… … Wikipedia