Houshang Golshiri


Houshang Golshiri

Houshang Golshiri (هوشنگ گلشیری; in Persian; March 16 , 1938 — June 6, 2000) was an Iranian fiction writer, critic and editor.

Biography

Golshiri was born in Isfahan in 1938 and raised in Abadan. He came from a large family of modest circumstances. From 1955 to 1974, Golshiri lived in Isfahan, where he completed a bachelor's degree in Persian at the University of Isfahan and taught elementary and high school there and in surrounding towns.

Golshiri began writing fiction in the late 1950s. His publication of short stories in Payam-e Novin and elsewhere in the early 1960s, his establishment of Jong-e Isfahan 1965/73, the chief literary journal of the day published outside of Tehran, and his participation in efforts to reduce official censorship of imaginative literature brought him a reputation in literary circlesFact|date=February 2008. Golshiri's first collection of short stories was Mesl-e hamisheh [As Always] (1968). He became famous for his first novel Shazdeh ehtejab [Prince Ehtejab] 1968/69. Translated in Literature East & West 20 (1980), it is the story of aristocratic decadence, implying the inappropriateness of monarchy for Iran. Shortly after production of the popular feature film based on the novel, Pahlavi authorities arrested Golshiri and incarcerated him for nearly six months.

An autobiographical and less successful novel called Keristin va Kid Christine and Kid came out in 1971, followed by a collection of short stories called Namazkhaneh-ye kuchek-e man My Little Prayer Room 1975, and a novel called Barreh-ye Gomshodeh-ye ra'i: (jeld-e Avval) tadfin-e Zendegan 1977.

In 1978, Golshiri travelled to the United States. Back in Iran in early 1979, Golshiri married Farzaneh Taheri whom he credits with editing his subsequent writing and was active in the revitalized Association of Iranian Writers, the editing of journals, literary criticism, and short-story writing. In the 1980s, he published Massoum-e Panjom The Fifth Innocent 1980, Jobbeh'khaneh The Antique Chamber 1983, Hadis-e Mahigir va Div The Story of the Fisherman and the Demon 1984, and Panj Ganj Five Treasures 1989, which he published in Stockholm during a visit to Europe in 1989. In 1990, under a pseudonym, Golshiri published a novella in translation called King of the Benighted, an indictment of Iranian monarchy, engage Persian literature, the Tudeh Party, and the Islamic Republic. A collection of Golshiri stories in translation was scheduled for publication in 1991 with the title Blood and Aristocrats and Other Stories.

In the winter of 1998 he published Jen Nameh Story of Demon and Jedal-e Naghsh ba Naghash Struggle of Image with Painter, and in the autumn of 1999 he released a collection of articles called Bagh dar Bagh Garden in Garden.

He died in Iran Mehr hospital in Tehran in June 2000 at the age of 63 after a long illness.

A cultural foundation was established after his deathFact|date=February 2008.

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ee also

*
*Persian literature

External links

* [http://golshirifoundation.org/english/index.asp Golshiri foundations]


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