List of Lepidoptera that feed on ashes


List of Lepidoptera that feed on ashes

Ashes ("Fraxinus" spp.) are used as food plants by the larvae (caterpillars) of a number of Lepidoptera species, including the following. (Unless otherwise stated, records are from the Nearctic region.)

Adelidae

:* "Adela croesella" – UK record

Apatelodidae

:* "Apatelodes torrefacta" :* "Olceclostera angelica" :* "Olceclostera seraphica" – recorded on "Fraxinus greggii" and "Fraxinus pennsylvanica"

Arctiidae

:* Scarlet Tiger Moth ("Callimorpha dominula") – Finland record:* Banded (or Pale) Tussock Moth ("Halysidota tessellaris") – recorded on "Fraxinus americana" and "Fraxinus pennsylvanica":* Confused Haploa Moth ("Haploa confusa") – recorded on "Fraxinus nigra":* Fall Webworm ("Hyphantria cunea") – recorded on "F. americana", "Fraxinus excelsior", "F. nigra", "F. pennsylvanica" and "Fraxinus velutina":* Hickory Tussock Moth ("Lophocampa caryae") – recorded on "F. americana":* Spotted Tussock Moth ("Lophocampa maculata") – recorded on "F. nigra", "F. americana" and "F. pennsylvanica":* Ruby Tiger ("Phragmatobia fuliginosa"):* Dark-spotted Tiger Moth ("Spilosoma canescens") – Australian record:* Pink-legged Tiger Moth ("Spilosoma latipennis"):* Virginian Tiger Moth or Yellow Bear ("Spilosoma virginica") – recorded on "F. americana" and "F. pennsylvanica"

Brahmaeidae

:* "Brahmaea wallichii" – recorded on "Fraxinus micrantha" in India

Coleophoridae

:* "Coleophora badiipennella" – Palaearctic record

Cossidae

:* "Cossus cossus" – recorded on "Fraxinus excelsior" in the Old World:* "Prionoxystus macmurtrei":* "Prionoxystus robiniae" – recorded on "Fraxinus pennsylvanica":* "Zeuzera pyrina" – Palaearctic and Nearctic records

Crambidae

:* Splendid Palpita Moth ("Palpita magniferalis") – recorded on "Fraxinus nigra"

Geometridae

:* "Abraxas grossulariata" – recorded on "Fraxinus lanuginosa" in Japan:* Fall Cankerworm ("Alsophila pometaria") – recorded on "Fraxinus americana", "Fraxinus nigra" and "Fraxinus pennsylvanica":* "Anacamptodes ephyraria" – recorded on "F. americana" and "F. pennsylvanica":* "Anavitrinella pampinaria":* Lilac Beauty ("Apeira syringaria") – UK record:* "Carsia sororiata":* Red-green Carpet ("Chloroclysta siterata") – recorded on "Fraxinus excelsior" in Finland:* "Cingilia catenaria":* Feathered Thorn ("Colotois pennaria") – recorded on "F. lanuginosa" in Japan:* Engrailed ("Ectropis crepuscularia") – recorded on "F. pennsylvanica":* "Ennomos autumnaria" – Japanese record:* Dusky Thorn ("Ennomos fuscantaria") – recorded on "F. excelsior" in Europe:* "Ennomos magnaria" – recorded on "F. americana" and "F. pennsylvanica":* "Ennomos subsignaria" – recorded on "F. nigra" and "F. americana":* November Moth ("Epirrita dilutata"):* "Erannis tiliaria" – recorded on "F. americana":* "Euchlaena effecta" – recorded on "F. americana":* "Euchlaena johnsonaria" – recorded on "F. americana":* "Euchlaena marginaria" – recorded on "F. americana":* Ash Pug ("Eupithecia innotata" f. "fraxinata") – recorded in the UK:* "Eupithecia innotata":* "Eutrapela clemataria" – recorded on "F. pennsylvanica":* "Hypagyrtis unipunctata" – recorded on "F. pennsylvanica":* "Lambdina fervidaria":* Brindled Beauty ("Lycia hirtaria") – recorded on "Fraxinus mandschurica" in Japan:* "Lycia ursaria" – recorded on "F. americana":* "Melanolophia canadaria" – recorded on "F. americana" and "F. pennsylvanica":* "Metanema determinata" – recorded on "F. pennsylvanica":* "Nematocampa filamentaria" – recorded on "F. americana" and "F. pennsylvanica":* "Nemoria mimosaria" – recorded on "F. pennsylvanica":* Scalloped Hazel ("Odontopera bidentata") – recorded on "F. excelsior" in Europe:* Winter Moth ("Operophtera brumata") – recorded on "F. americana", "F. excelsior" (in Europe) and "F. pennsylvanica":* Spring Cankerworm ("Paleacrita vernata") – recorded on "F. nigra", "F. americana" and "F. pennsylvanica":* Twin-spot Carpet ("Perizoma didymata") – recorded on "F. excelsior" in Finland:* "Philtraea latifoliae" – recorded on "Fraxinus latifolia":* "Plagodis fervidaria":* "Plagodis kuetzingi":* "Probole alienaria":* "Psyra bluethgeni" – recorded on Fraxinus sieboldiana in Japan:* Lunar Thorn ("Selenia lunularia") – recorded n "F. excelsior" in Europe:* Purple Thorn ("Selenia tetralunaria") – recorded on "F. excelsior" in Finland:* "Sicya macularia" – recorded on "F. americana" and "F. pennsylvanica":* "Tetracis cachexiata":* Barred Tooth-striped ("Trichopteryx polycommata") – recorded in the UK:* Tissue ("Triphosa dubitata") – recorded on "F. excelsior" in Finland:* "Wilemania nitobei" – recorded on "Fraxinus longicuspis" in Japan

Gracillariidae

:* "Caloptilia albicapitata" – recorded on "Fraxinus chinensis" and "Fraxinus mandschurica" in Japan:* "Caloptilia arsenievi" – recorded on "Fraxinus americana" (in Japan), "F. chinensis" (in Japan), "F. mandschurica" (in Japan and the former USSR) and "Fraxinus pennsylvanica" (in Japan):* "Caloptilia cuculipennella" – Holarctic:* Ash Leaf Cone Roller ("Caloptilia fraxinella") – recorded on "F. americana" and "Fraxinus nigra":* "Caloptilia syringella" – recorded on "Fraxinus excelsior" (Holarctic) and "F. nigra":* "Caloptilia ussuriella" – recorded in the former USSR and on "F. americana", "F. chinensis", "F. mandschurica" and "F. pennsylvanica" (all in Japan):* "Marmara basidendroca" – recorded on "F. pennsylvanica":* "Marmara corticola" – recorded on "F. pennsylvanica":* "Marmara fraxinicola" – recorded on "F. americana" and "F. pennsylvanica"

Lasiocampidae

:* "Malacosoma americana" – recorded on "Fraxinus americana":* "Malacosoma californica":* Forest Tent Caterpillar ("Malacosoma disstria") – recorded on "F. americana", "Fraxinus nigra" and "Fraxinus pennsylvanica":* "Phyllodesma americana" – recorded on "F. americana":* "Phyllodesma carpinifolia:* "Poecilocampa populi" – recorded on "F. excelsior" in Finland:* "Tolype velleda" – recorded on "F. americana" and "F. pennsylvanica"

Limacodidae

:* Hag moth ("Phobetron pithecium")

Lycaenidae

:* "Coreana raphaelis" – recorded on "Fraxinus chinensis" (in Japan and Russia), "Fraxinus lanuginosa" and "Fraxinus mandschurica" (both in Japan):* "Laeosopis roboris" – recorded on "Fraxinus excelsior" in Spain:* Banded Hairstreak ("Satyrium calanus"):* Hickory Hairstreak ("Satyrium caryaevorum") – recorded on "Fraxinus americana" and "Fraxinus nigra":* "Satyrium liparops":* "Ussuriana michaelis" – recorded on "F. chinensis" (in Russia) and "F. lanuginosa" (in China); also recorded in Korea and Japan:* "Ussuriana stygiana" – recorded on "F. chinensis", "F. lanuginosa", "Fraxinus longicuspis", "F. mandschurica", "Fraxinus platypoda" and "Fraxinus sieboldiana" (all) in Japan:* "Ussuriana takarana" – recorded on "Fraxinus insularis" in Taiwan

Lymantriidae

:* Brown-tail ("Euproctis chrysorrhoea") – recorded on "Fraxinus americana":* Gypsy Moth ("Lymantria dispar") – recorded on "F. americana", "Fraxinus nigra", "Fraxinus profunda" and "Fraxinus quadrangulata"; also recorded in the Palaearctic:* Black Arches ("Lymantria monacha") – recorded on "Fraxinus excelsior" in the Palaearctic:* Rusty Tussock Moth or Vapourer ("Orgyia antiqua"):* White-marked Tussock Moth ("Orgyia leucostigma") – recorded on "F. americana" and "F. excelsior"

Megalopygidae

:* Southern Flannel Moth, Pussy Moth, Puss Caterpillar or Asp ("Megalopyge opercularis") – recorded on "Fraxinus berlandieriana"

Nepticulidae

:* "Stigmella apicialbella"

Noctuidae

:* "Abagrotis alcandola":* "Abagrotis alternata":* "Achatia distincta" – recorded on "Fraxinus americana":* "Acronicta americana" – recorded on "Fraxinus pennsylvanica":* "Acronicta impleta":* "Acronicta radcliffei":* Knot Grass ("Acronicta rumicis") – Finnish record:* Fringe-tree Sallow Moth ("Adita chionanthi") – recorded on "F. americana", "Fraxinus nigra" and "F. pennsylvanica":* Brick ("Agrochola circellaris") – UK record:* "Amphipyra glabella":* Copper Underwing ("Amphipyra pyramidea"):* "Amphipyra pyramidoides":* Centre-barred Sallow ("Atethmia centrago") – recorded in the UK:* Clifden Nonpariel ("Catocala fraxini") – recorded on "Fraxinus excelsior" in Finland:* "Catocala habilis" – recorded on "F. pennsylvanica":* Red Underwing ("Catocala nupta") – Indian record:* "Catocala piatrix":* "Catocala ultronia" – recorded on "F. pennsylvanica":* "Copivaleria grotei" – recorded on "F. americana":* Coronet ("Craniophora ligustri") – recorded on "F. excelsior" in Finland; also recorded in the UK:* "Crocigrapha normani" – recorded on "F. americana" and "F. pennsylvanica":* Small Angle Shades ("Euplexia lucipara") – Old World record:* Satellite ("Eupsilia transversa") – recorded on "F. excelsior" in Finland:* "Harrisimemna trisignata":* "Homoncocnemis fortis" – recorded on "Fraxinus latifolia":* "Lithophane antennata":* "Lithophane bethunei" – recorded on "F. americana":* "Lithophane georgii":* "Lithophane laticinerea" – recorded on "F. americana":* "Lithophane petulca" – recorded on "F. americana" and "F. pennsylvanica":* Tawny Pinion ("Lithophane semibrunnea") – recorded on "F. excelsior" in the UK:* "Lithophane socia" – German record:* "Melanchra assimilis" – recorded on "F. americana":* "Oncocnemis punctilinea":* "Orthosia garmani":* "Orthosia hibisci" – recorded on "F. americana" and "F. pennsylvanica":* "Orthosia revicta" – recorded on "F. americana":* "Palthis angulalis" – recorded on "F. americana":* Ash Tip Borer ("Papaipema furcata") – recorded on "F. americana", "F. nigra" and "F. pennsylvanica":* "Papaipema nebris":* "Paracentropus cyrus" – Iranian record:* "Psaphida styracis":* Flame Brocade ("Trigonophora flammea") – UK record

Nolidae

:* "Baileya dormitans"

Notodontidae

:* "Datana contracta":* "Datana integerrima":* "Datana ministra" – recorded on "Fraxinus quadrangulata":* "Heterocampa guttivitta" – recorded on "Fraxinus americana" and "Fraxinus pennsylvanica":* "Hyperaeschra georgica":* Rough Prominent ("Nadata gibbosa") – recorded on "F. americana":* Red-humped Caterpillar Moth ("Schizura concinna") – recorded on "F. pennsylvanica":* "Schizura ipomoeae" – recorded on "F. americana"

Nymphalidae

:* Blackvein Sergeant ("Athyma ranga") – recorded on "Fraxinus retusa" in Hong Kong:* Baltimore Checkerspot Butterfly ("Euphydryas phaeton") – recorded on "Fraxinus americana":* Scarce Fritillary ("Hypodryas maturna") – recorded on "Fraxinus excelsior" in Finland and the former Yugoslavia:* Mourning Cloak or Camberwell Beauty ("Nymphalis antiopa") – recorded on "F. americana"

Oecophoridae

:* "Antaeotricha leucillana" – recorded on "Fraxinus americana":* Gold-striped Leaftier Moth ("Machimia tentoriferella") – recorded on "F. americana" and "Fraxinus nigra"

Papilionidae

:* Eastern Tiger Swallowtail ("Papilio glaucus") – recorded on "Fraxinus americana", "Fraxinus caroliniana", "Fraxinus pennsylvanica" and "Fraxinus nigra":* Two-tailed Swallowtail ("Papilio multicaudata") – recorded on "Fraxinus anomala", "Fraxinus latifolia", "Fraxinus oregana", "F. pennsylvanica" and "Fraxinus viridis":* Western Tiger Swallowtail ("Papilio rutulus")

Psychidae

:* "Oiketicus kirbyi" – recorded on "Fraxinus uhdei" in Costa Rica:* Snailcase Bagworm ("Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis") – recorded on "Fraxinus americana"

Pyralidae

:* "Acrobasis caryivorella" – recorded on "Fraxinus pennsylvanica":* "Euzophera nelliella" – North African record:* "Euzophera pinguis" – recorded on "Fraxinus excelsior" in the UK:* "Neargyractis slossonalis":* "Palpita magniferalis" – recorded on "Fraxinus americana", "Fraxinus nigra" and "F. pennsylvanica":* "Palpita nigropunctalis" – recorded on "Fraxinus mandschurica" in Japan:* "Phycita meliella" – Palaearctic record

Saturniidae

:* "Adetomeris erythrops" – Neotropical record:* Polyphemus Moth ("Antheraea polyphemus"):* Atlas Moth ("Attacus atlas") – recorded on "Fraxinus pennsylvanica" in Hong Kong:* "Attacus lorquinii" – Indo-Australian records:* Io Moth ("Automeris io") – recorded on "Fraxinus americana", "Fraxinus pubescens" and "Fraxinus sambucifolia":* Promethea Silkmoth ("Callosamia promethea"):* Regal Moth ("Citheronia regalis") – recorded on "F. americana":* "Epiphora antinorii" – recorded on "Fraxinus berlandieriana" in Kenya:* "Eupackardia calleta" – recorded on "Fraxinus velutina":* Cecropia Moth ("Hyalophora cecropia") – recorded on "F. americana" and "F. pennsylvanica":* Emperor Moth ("Pavonia pavonia") – Palaearctic record:* "Rothschildia aurota" – Neotropical record:* "Rothschildia cinctus":* "Rothschildia jorulla":* "Rothschildia lebeau" – recorded on "Fraxinus berlandieriana":* "Rothschildia orizaba" – recorded on "F. americana":* "Samia cynthia":* "Samia walkeri":* "Saturnia atlantica" – recorded on "Fraxinus berlandieriana" in the Palaearctic:* "Saturnia huttoni" – Palaearctic record:* Great Peacock Moth ("Saturnia pyri") – recorded "Fraxinus excelsior" in the Palaearctic

Sesiidae

:* "Paranthrene asilipennis":* "Podosesia aureocincta":* Ash Borer ("Podosesia syringae") – recorded on "Fraxinus americana", "Fraxinus caroliniana", "Fraxinus excelsior", "Fraxinus nigra" and "Fraxinus pennsylvanica":* "Sesia apiformis"

Sphingidae

:* Elm Sphinx ("Ceratomia amyntor"):* "Ceratomia sonorensis":* Waved Sphinx ("Ceratomia undulosa") – recorded on "Fraxinus americana", "Fraxinus excelsior", "Fraxinus nigra", "Fraxinus pennsylvanica" and "Fraxinus platycarpa":* "Manduca brontes" – recorded on "F. americana", "F. excelsior" and "F. platycarpa":* Ash Sphinx ("Manduca jasminearum"):* Rustic Sphinx ("Manduca rustica"):* "Paonias excaecata":* Twin-spotted Sphinx ("Smerinthus jamaicensis") – recorded on "F. americana":* Canadian Sphinx ("Sphinx canadensis") – recorded on "F. americana" and "F. nigra":* Great Ash Sphinx ("Sphinx chersis") – recorded on "F. americana", "F. pennsylvanica" and "Fraxinus velutina"; also recorded in Mexico:* Franck's Sphinx ("Sphinx franckii") – recorded on "F. americana":* "Sphinx gordius":* Laurel Sphinx ("Sphinx kalmiae") – recorded on "F. americana", "F. nigra" and "Fraxinus sambucifolia":* Incense Cedar Sphinx ("Sphinx libocedrus") – recorded on "Fraxinus greggii":* Privet Hawkmoth ("Sphinx ligustri") – recorded of "F. excelsior" in Finland; also recorded in the UK:* Elegant Sphinx ("Sphinx perelegans") – recorded on "F. excelsior"

Tineidae

:* "Crypsithyris longicornis" – recorded on "Fraxinus americana" in India:* "Tinea cherota" – recorded on "Fraxinus floribunda" in India

Tortricidae

:* "Amorbia humerosana":* "Aphelia alleniana":* "Archips argyrospila":* "Archips breviplicanus" – recorded on "Fraxinus lanuginosa" in Japan:* "Archips cerasivorana" – recorded on "Fraxinus pennsylvanica":* "Archips crataegana" – recorded on "Fraxinus excelsior" in the UK:* "Archips purpurana":* "Archips rosana" – recorded on "F. excelsior" in the UK:* "Archips xylosteana" – recorded on "F. excelsior" in Europe:* "Choristoneura rosaceana" – recorded on "Fraxinus americana":* "Clepsis persicana":* "Cydia ingrata" – recorded on "F. pennsylvanica":* "Doloploca praeviella" – recorded on "Fraxinus mandschurica" in Japan:* "Eulia ministrana" – recorded on "F. excelsior" in Europe:* "Hedya dimidioalba" – "Holarctic" record:* "Orthotaenia undulana" – recorded on "F. pennsylvanica":* "Pammene suspectana" – recorded on "F. excelsior" in Europe; also UK records:* "Pandemis canadana" – recorded on "F. americana":* "Pandemis cerasana" – Indian record:* "Pandemis corylana" – recorded on "F. excelsior" in Europe; also Japanese record:* "Pandemis lamprosana" – recorded on "F. americana" and "Fraxinus texensis":* Tufted Apple Bud Moth ("Platynota idaeusalis") – recorded on "Fraxinus nigra":* "Pseudargyrotoza conwagana" – recorded on "F. excelsior" in Europe; also UK record:* Poplar Leafroller ("Pseudosciaphila duplex") – recorded on "F. nigra" and "F. pennsylvanica":* "Rhopalovalva pulchra" – recorded on "F. mandshurica" in Japan:* "Rhopobota naevana" – recorded on "F. mandshurica" in Japan:* "Sparganothis diluticostana" – recorded on "F. americana":* "Sparganothis reticulatana" – recorded on "F. americana":* "Sparganothis unifasciana"

Yponomeutidae

:* "Prays curtisella" – recorded on "Fraxinus excelsior" in the UK:* Ash Bud Moth ("Prays fraxinella") – recorded on "F. excelsior" in the UK:* "Prays ruficeps" – recorded from the former Czechoslovakia:* "Zelleria hepariella" – recorded on "F. excelsior" in the UK

External links

* [http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/projects/hostplants/ Caterpillar Hostplants Database]
* [http://www.ukmoths.org.uk/ UKMoths web-site]


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