Gabriel Richard


Gabriel Richard

Father Gabriel Richard (October 15, 1767September 13, 1832) was a French Roman Catholic priest who became a Delegate from Michigan Territory to the U.S. House of Representatives.

He was born in La Ville de Saintes, France and entered the seminary in Angers in 1784 and was ordained on October 15, 1790. In 1792, he emigrated to Baltimore, Maryland. He taught mathematics at St. Mary's College, in Maryland, until being assigned by Bishop Carroll to do missionary work to the Indians in the Northwest Territory. He was first stationed in what is now Kaskaskia, Illinois, and later in Detroit.

Work in Detroit

He came to Detroit to be the assistant pastor at St. Anne's Church. In 1804 he opened up a school in Detroit, but this was destroyed by the fire that leveled the city in 1805 . This is when Fr. Gabriel Richard wrote the city of Detroit's motto: "Speramus meliora; resurget cineribus"; In English: "We hope for better things; it will arise from the ashes". In 1807, he was invited by a Protestant congregation to act as their clergyman. He did so successfully by concentrating on the elements of Christianity where they could agree. He had the first printing press in Detroit and published a periodical in the French language entitled "Essais du Michigan" as well as "The Michigan Essay, or Impartial Observer", in 1809. He was strongly in favor of the War of 1812 and trading with China.

Father Richard ministered among the Indians of the area, and was generally admired by them. During the War of 1812, Richard was imprisoned by the British for refusing to swear an oath of allegiance after their capture of Detroit, saying "I have taken an oath to support the Constitution of the United States and I cannot take another. Do with me as you please." He was released when the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, in spite of his hatred for the Americans, refused to fight for the British while Richard was imprisoned. [harvnb|Houston]

He was one of the co-founders of the Catholepistemiad of Michigania (which would become the University of Michigan), and served as its Vice-President from 1817 to 1821. Following the reorganization of the University in 1821, he was appointed to its Board of Trustees, and served until his death.

Political career

Father Richard was elected as a nonvoting delegate of the Michigan Territory to the U.S. House of Representatives for the 18th Congress, and was the first Catholic priest to be elected to that body, serving a single term, 1823-1825. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1824, being succeeded by Austin Eli Wing, a member of the Whig Party.

In 1832, Gabriel Richard died of cholera in Detroit and was buried in a crypt in St. Anne's.

Legacy

There are at least four schools near Detroit named after Fr. Gabriel Richard:
*Gabriel Richard High School in Riverview, Michigan
*Father Gabriel Richard High School in Ann Arbor, Michigan
*Gabriel Richard Elementary School in Detroit, Michigan
*Père Gabriel Richard Elementary School in Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan.The motto that he first penned "Speramus meliora; resurget cineribus" is still used by the City of Detroit today.

Notes

References

*CongBio|R000210
* [http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/rich-richard.html#RAR1A3K7V The Political Graveyard]
* Citation
last = Houston
first = Kay
title = Father Gabriel Richard: Detroit's pioneer priest
journal = The Detroit News
url = http://forums.detnews.com/history/story/index.cfm?category=sports&id=184

*Pargellis, Stanley McCrory. "Father Gabriel Richard". (Cass Lectureship Series, 1948). Detroit: Wayne University Press, 1950.
*"The Detroit Almanac: 300 Years of Life in the Motor City". Ed. Peter Gavrilovich and Bill McGraw. Detroit: Detroit Free Press, 2000.

ee also

*Robert Drinan, the first priest to serve as a voting member of Congress

External links

* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=2263 Find-A-Grave]
* [http://world-history-blog.blogspot.com/2007/01/father-gabriel-richard-first-catholic.html Father Gabriel Richard, First Catholic Priest in Congress]


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