Porte


Porte

Ottoman Porte (also Sublime Porte, High Porte, or, in Ottoman Turkish, Bab-ı Ali) used to refer to the Divan (court) of the Ottoman Empire where government policies were established.

Terminology

The particular term was used in the context of diplomacy by the western states, as their diplomats were received at "porte" (meaning gate). During the constitution period (see Young Turk Revolution) the functions of the Divan were replaced by the imperial government, and "porte" came to refer to the Foreign Ministry. During this period Grand vizier came to refer to the position of a president and viziers became the Ottoman Senate.

The Sublime Porte was the name of the open court of the sultan, led by the Grand Vizier. It got its name from the gate to the headquarters of the Grand Vizier in Topkapı Palace in Istanbul, where the sultan held the greeting ceremony for foreign ambassadors. It was an ancient Oriental practice to make the gates of cities and kings' palaces places of assembly.

Later the name came to refer to the Foreign Ministry and in contemporary times the office of the governor ("Vali") of Istanbul Province. This name has also been interpreted as referring to the Empire's position as gateway between Europe and Asia.

The High Porte, in contrast, referred to the private court of the sultan. Porte is French for "gate"; therefore, the term "High Porte" is a bilingual combination of English "High" and French "Porte" that is equivalent to "Bab-ı Ali".

The Sublime Portal is also the name of a website for expats in Turkey. The website includes a discussion forum and also a wiki and can be found [http://www.sublimeportal.com here]


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  • porte- — ⇒PORTE , élém. de compos. Élém. issu d une forme du verbe porter1; le 2e élém., d orig. fr., est le plus souvent un subst.; le comp. est gén. un subst. masc. A. [Corresp. à porter1 1re section I] 1. [Les mots constr. désignent un être animé, gén …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • porte — 1. (por t ) s. f. 1°   Ouverture pratiquée dans les murs d une ville, pour y entrer et en sortir (ce qui est le sens propre du latin porta). •   Thèbes le pouvait disputer aux plus belles villes de l univers ; ses cent portes chantées par Homère… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • porté — porté, ée (por té, tée) part. passé de porter. 1°   Soutenu comme un faix, une charge. •   Trois fois le jeune vainqueur s efforça de rompre ces intrépides combattants [les Espagnols à Rocroy] ; trois fois il fut repoussé par le valeureux comte… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • porte — Porte, f. penac. Est proprement l endroict par où l on entre et sort, et par où l on porte quelque chose en un lieu clos, ou on la transporte et met hors d iceluy, Porta. Car ce mot vient de Porter, tout ainsi que Porta Latin, a portando. Donat… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Porte — Vorlage:Infobox Gemeinde in Italien/Wartung/Wappen fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Porte — Porte, n. [F. porte a gate, L. porta. See {Port} a gate.] The Ottoman court; the government of the Turkish empire, officially called the {Sublime Porte}, from the gate (port) of the sultan s palace at which justice was administered. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Porte — Le nom est surtout porté dans le département de la Loire et dans le Puy de Dôme. Il désigne celui qui habite un lieu dit (la) Porte, soit la porte d une ville fortifiée, soit un passage, un défilé rocheux. Forme plurielle : Portes (34, 81, 31,… …   Noms de famille

  • porté — Porté. [port]ée. part. Il a les significations de son verbe. On dit prov. d Une chose de peu de valeur, & dont on ne peut rien faire de bon, de quelque maniere qu on l accommode, Autant vaut porté que traisné. On dit quelquefois à un homme qui en …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Porte — (fr., spr. Pohrt), 1) Thor, Thür, Pforte; P. a jour (spr. Port a Schuhr), Gatterthüre; P, cochère (spr. P. Koschähr), Thorweg; P. d écluse (spr. P. d Eclühs), Schleußenthor; P. de secours[372] (spr. P. d S kuhr), Hülfsthor; P. feinte (spr. P.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Porte — Ottoman court at Constantinople, c.1600, from French, in full, la Sublime Porte, translation of Arabic bab i aliy, lit. lofty gate, official name of the central office of the Ottoman government (Cf. Vatican for the Papacy, Kremlin for the U.S.S.R …   Etymology dictionary

  • porte — porte; porte·feuille; …   English syllables


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