Santa Prassede


Santa Prassede

[
Pope Paschal I depicted in the mosaic of Santa Prassede. He is presenting a model of the church to Christ, and wears a squared halo, which means he was alive at the time of the mosaic.]

Santa Prassede is a basilica in Rome, located near the major basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore.

History

The church in its current form was commissioned by Pope Hadrian I around the year 780, and built on top of the remains of a 5th century structure and was designed to house the bones of Saints Prassede and Pudenziana, the daughters of St. Pudens, traditionally St. Paul's first Christian convert in Rome. The two female saints were murdered for providing Christian burial for early martyrs in defiance of Roman law. The basilica was enlarged and decorated by Pope Paschal I in c. 822.

Pope Paschal, who reigned 817-824, was at the forefront of the Carolingian Renaissance started and advocated by the emperor Charlemagne. They desired to get back to the foundations of Christianity theologically and artistically. Paschal, thus, began two, linked, ambitious programs: the recovery of martyrs' bones from the catacombs of Rome and an almost unprecedented church building campaign. Paschal dug up numerous skeletons and transplanted them to this church. The "Titulus S. Praxedis" was established by Pope Evaristus, around 112.

Interior Decoration

The main altarpiece is a canvas of "St Praxedes Gathering the Blood of the Martyrs" (c. 1730-35) by Domenico Muratori.

Mosaics

The most impressive element of the church, clearly, is the mosaic decorative program. Paschal hired a team of professional mosaicists to complete the work in the apse, the apsidal arch, and the triumphal arch. In the apse, Jesus is in the center, flanked by Sts. Peter and Paul who present Prassede and Pudenziana to God. On the far left is Paschal, with the squared halo of the living, presenting a model of the church as an offering to Jesus. Below runs an inscription of Paschal's, hoping that this offering will be sufficient to secure his place in heaven.

On the apsidal arch are twelve men on each side, holding wreaths of victory, welcoming the souls into heaven. Above them are symbols of the four Gospel writers: Mark, the lion; Matthew, the man; Luke, the bull; and John, the eagle, as they surround a lamb on a throne, a symbol of Christ's eventual return to Earth. Though those mosaics as well as those in the Saint Zeno chapel, a funerary chapel Paschal built for his mother, Theodora, are the best-known aspects of the church, an intriguing and relatively hidden aspect are ancient frescoes. Ascending a spiral staircase, one enters a small room, covered in scaffolding. However, on the wall is a fresco cycle dating most likely from the 8th century. The frescoes depict probably the life-cycle of the name saint of the church, Prassede.

Titulus

Among known titulars of this see there are Silvanus Antonius (318), Serraus Aquileus (or Serranus) (335), Domitius Ligus (387), Annius Longus (421), Severus Flavius (475), Ginesius (478), Sebastianus (482), Lorentius Caelius — Antipope Laurentius — (494), Paschal Massimi — later Pope Paschal I — (796), Ottavius Elarius (829), Aldemar (1062), Benedictus Caius (1073), Desiderius (after 1077), Lambertus Scannabecchi — later Pope Honorius II — (1099), Desiderius (1105), Ublado Allucingoli — later Pope Lucius III — (1141), Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte — later Pope Julius III — (1542-1543), Rafael Merry del Val (1903-1930). ["S. Prassede (Cardinal Titular Church)" [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/diocese/d1p11.html] ]

The current Cardinal Priest of "Titulus S. Praxedis" is Paul Poupard.

Pillar From The Flogging Of Jesus

Santa Prassede also houses a segment of the alleged pillar upon which Jesus of Nazareth was flogged and tortured before his crucifixion in Jerusalem. The relic is alleged to have been retrieved in the early Fourth Century AD by Saint Helena (mother of the first Christian Roman Emperor Constantine I) who at the age of eighty undertook a pilgrimage to Golgotha in the Holy Land to found churches for Christian worship and to collect relics associated with the crucifixion of Jesus in Calvary. Among these legendary relics retrieved by Helena, which included pieces of the True Cross (now housed in the church of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, also in Rome) and wood from the Jesus's crib, was the segment of the pillar now housed in Santa Prassede. The authenticity of these relics, including the Santa Prassede pillar, is disputed by historians and Christians alike, due to lack of forensic evidence and the massive proliferation of fake relics during the Middle Ages.

ee also

*Episcopa Theodora

References

External links

* [http://kunsthistorie.com/galleri/index.php?album=Italia%2FRoma%2FSan.+Prassede&sortby=name&order=asc Kunsthistorie.com] , photogallery.
* [http://roma.katolsk.no/prassede.htm Santa Prassede]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Santa Prassede — Basisdaten Patrozinium: Hl. Praxedis Weihe (Religion): vor 489 Kardinalpriester: Paul Poupard (seit 1996) Anschrift: Via Liberiana 8 00184 Roma …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Santa Prassede Hotel Rome (Rome) — Santa Prassede Hotel Rome country: Italy, city: Rome (Termini Station Area) Santa Prassede Hotel Rome A cheap yet quality accommodation, the Santa Prassede Hotel Rome is excellent value for money, ideal for both businesspersons and tourist… …   International hotels

  • Basilika Santa Prassede — Seitenblick auf die Kirche Innenraum, Blick auf Apsis und Triumphbogen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Basilique Santa Prassede — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sainte Praxède (homonymie). Basilique Santa Prassede Entrée principale de la basilique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Il Granaio Di Santa Prassede B&B — (Рим,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Di Santa Prassede 8, Рион …   Каталог отелей

  • La Soffitta di Santa Prassede — (Рим,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via di Santa Prassede 8, Рионе М …   Каталог отелей

  • Hotel Santa Prassede — (Рим,Италия) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: Via Di Santa Prassede 2 …   Каталог отелей

  • Il Piccolo di Santa Prassede — (Рим,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via di Santa Prassede 8, Рионе Мо …   Каталог отелей

  • Il Mulino di Santa Prassede — (Рим,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via di Santa Prassede 8, Рионе Мон …   Каталог отелей

  • Liste der Kardinalpriester von Santa Prassede — Folgende Kardinäle waren Kardinalpriester von Santa Prassede: Benedictus, unter Gregors VII. (Pontifikat 1073 bis 1085)[1] Deodatus (Anhänger des Gegenpapstes Clemens III.), belegt 1091 Romanus (belegt 1105 1112) Lambertus (?) (nach 1112 bis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.