Benday dots


Benday dots

The Ben-day Dots printing process, named after illustrator and printer Benjamin Day, is similar to Pointillism. Depending on the effect, color and optical illusion needed, small colored dots are closely-spaced, widely-spaced or overlapping. Magenta dots, for example, are widely-spaced to create pink. 1950s and 1960s pulp comic books used Benday dots in the four process colors (cyan, magenta, yellow and black) to inexpensively create shading and secondary colors such as green, purple, orange and flesh tones.

Ben-day dots differ from halftone dots in that the Ben-day dots are always of equal size and distribution in a specific area. To apply the dots to a drawing the artist would purchase transparent overlay sheets from a stationery supplier. The sheets were available in a wide variety of dot size and distribution, which gave the artist a range of tones to use in the work. The overlay material was cut in the shapes of the tonal areas desired—i.e. shadow or background or surface treatment and rubbed onto the specific areas of the drawing with a burnisher. When photographically reproduced as a line cut for letterpress printing, the areas of Benday overlay provided tonal shading to the printing plate.

Enlarged Ben-day dots as a visual effect in Pop Art, contemporary and graphic design

Ben-day dots were considered the hallmark of American artist Roy Lichtenstein, who enlarged and exaggerated them in many of his paintings and sculptures especially his interpretations of contemporary comicbook and magazine images. Other illustrators and graphic designers have used enlarged Benday dots in print media for a similar effect.

ee also

* Dithering
* Halftone

External links

* [http://www.melissaclifton.com/tutorial-popart.html Fun Photo Effects: Benday dots]


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  • Benday Dots — ist eine Drucktechnik, die von Benjamin Day entwickelt wurde. In diesem Druckprozess entstehen aus kleinen farbig gedruckten Punkten Flächen einer anderen Farbe. Je nach dem, welchen Effekt man erzielen will, werden die Punkte nahe aneinander… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Benday process — ☆ Benday process [ben′dā′ ] n. 〚after Benjamin Day (1838 1916), N.Y. printer〛 [often b p ] Photoengraving a process for adding tone or shading, as in reproducing drawings, by the overlay on the plate of patterns, as of dots: also written Ben Day… …   Universalium

  • Benday process — ☆ Benday process [ben′dā′ ] n. [after Benjamin Day (1838 1916), N.Y. printer] [often b p ] Photoengraving a process for adding tone or shading, as in reproducing drawings, by the overlay on the plate of patterns, as of dots: also written Ben Day… …   English World dictionary

  • benday — verb reproduce by the Benday process • Hypernyms: ↑engrave, ↑etch • Verb Frames: Somebody s something * * * I. (ˈ)ben|dā transitive verb ( ed/ ing/ s) Etymology …   Useful english dictionary

  • benday — adjective Usage: often capitalized Etymology: Benjamin Day died 1916 American printer Date: 1903 involving a process for adding shaded or tinted areas made up of dots for reproduction by line engraving • benday transitive verb …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • BenDay — Ben Day also ben·day or Ben·day (bĕn dāʹ) n. A method of adding a tone to a printed image by imposing a transparent sheet of dots or other patterns on the image at some stage of a photographic reproduction process.   [After Day, Benjamin Henry.]… …   Universalium

  • Roy Lichtenstein — Infobox Artist bgcolour = #6495ED name = Roy Lichtenstein imagesize = caption = Roy Lichtenstein, 1985 birthname = birthdate = birth date|mf=yes|1923|10|27| location = Manhattan, New York City deathdate = death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Girl with Ball — Mädchen mit Ball (externer Weblink) Mädchen mit Ball (Girl with Ball), 1961[1] Roy Lichtenstein, 1961 Öl auf Leinwand, 153,7 cm × 92,7 cm Museum of Modern Art, New York City Mädchen mit Ball (Originaltitel Girl with Ball) ist ein Gemälde des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pinselstriche — Brushstrokes (Beispiele) (externe Weblinks) Red and White Brushstroke, 1965[1] Red Painting (Brushstroke), 1965[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Screentone — Rasterfolien Eine Rasterfolie ist eine mit einem bestimmten Raster bedruckte Folie. Mit ihr lassen sich (z. B. für Comics) Schattierungen in eine Grafik einfügen. Am Computer lassen sich diese Effekte mit Layern in Bildbearbeitungsprogrammen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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